The Conceptualization of Khat, Its Production and Its Socio-Economic Implications in Eastern Ethiopia
International Journal of Education, Culture and Society
Volume 4, Issue 3, June 2019, Pages: 54-59
Received: Jun. 2, 2019;
Accepted: Jul. 8, 2019;
Published: Aug. 19, 2019
Views 148 Downloads 37
Tensay Hailu, Department of Social Anthropology, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia
Follow on us
This research tries to analyze the conceptualization, production and socio-economic implication of Khat in eastern parts of Ethiopia. Different reasons have triggered the researcher to do this research. The growing number of khat consumers, the lack of scientifically studies research on this specific issue and the emotional attachment that the researcher has with both the study area and the herbal are some of the triggering factors for writing this manuscript. The researcher has stayed in the major khat producing areas of eastern Ethiopia from December 23, 2018 to January 28, 2019. In this time, the researcher did both formal and informal conversation with khat producing farmers, consumers and traders, observed plots where khat is produced and did interview with elders who are believed to know the history and the influence of khat in the region. Moreover, as an anthropologist, the researcher has participated in social gathering where khat is consumed and did participant observation with the researched communities in the region. All informants were selected purposely based on their affiliation to the topic and their presumable knowledge of the topic as well. After intensive data collection, the researcher came up with findings that illustrate the conceptualization of khat, its production and ad its socio-economic impact in the eastern part of the country. Ethiopia.
Khat, Production of Khat, Conceptualization, Socio-Economic Importance
To cite this article
The Conceptualization of Khat, Its Production and Its Socio-Economic Implications in Eastern Ethiopia, International Journal of Education, Culture and Society.
Vol. 4, No. 3,
2019, pp. 54-59.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Taye Hailu Feyisa and Jens B. Aune. 2003 Khat Expansion in the Ethiopian Highlands: Effects on the Farming System in Habro District, Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 185-189.
Getachew M. 1996 The Cultivation of and Use of Khat Among the Oromo of Harar with Particular Reference to Haromaya Woreda. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Addis Ababa University.
Hizqiel Gebisa. 1996 consumption, Contraband and Commodification: A history of Khat in Hararghe, Ethiopia e. 1930-1991, A PhD Dissertation.
P. J. Greenwa. 1947 Khat, the East African Agricultural Journal, 13: 2, 98-102, DOI: 10.1080/03670074.1947.11664588.
Getahun, A., and A. D. Krikorian. 1973 Chat: coffee's rival from Harar, Ethiopia. I. Botany, cultivation and use. Economic botany, 27: 353-377.
Peters, D. W. A. 1952 Khat: its history, botany, chemistry and toxicology. The pharmaceutical journal, 169: 17-18.
H. Richard, Mustafa al’Absi. 2010 Khat Use and Neurobehavioral Functions: Suggestions for Future Studies, Journal of Ethnopharmacol, 132 (3): 554–563.
Beke, T. Charles. (1843) On the Countries South of Abyssinia, Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, London, 23rd November.
Yerasework A. 2018 The Khat Conundrum in Ethiopia: Socio Economic impact and policy Direction, Forum for Social Studies (October 31, 2018), Addis Ababa.
Amare Getahun and A. D. Krikorian. 1973 “Khat: Coffee rival from Harar, Ethiopia: Botany. Cultivation and Use’’ Economic Botany, 27 p354.
Bally, P. R. O. 1945 Catha edulis. East African medical journal, 22: 2-4.
Cassanelli, L. V. 1986 ‘Qat: Changes in the Production and Consumption of a Quasilegal Commodity in Northeast Africa’. In The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective, Appadurai, A. (ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hizkeal G. 2004 Leaf of Allah: Khat and Agricultural Transformation in Harage, Ethiopia 1875–1991. Oxford: James Currey Publishers.
John Spencer Trimingham. 1952 Islam in Ethiopia, Barnes & Noble, London, p228.