Basal Fertilizer Effects on Weed Occurrence and Rice Yield in Acid Upland Soil of West Africa at Bénin
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2014, Pages: 14-22
Received: Jan. 5, 2014; Published: Feb. 20, 2014
Views 2955      Downloads 213
Authors
Brahima Koné, Soil science department of Felix Houphouet Boigny University, Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire
Karidia Traoré, Agroforestry department of Lorougnon Guede University, Daloa, Cote d’Ivoire
Amadou Touré, Agronomy department of Africa Rice Centre, Bouake, Cote d’Ivoire
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
Fertilizers application is required in order to improve rice production in low fertile soils of West Africa. This practice can also increase weed pressure in rice field, thereby reducing yield significantly. Chemotropism of weed was hypothesized to identify nutrient effects on weed abundance and biomass production as well as rice yield for suitable recommendation of basal fertilizer in terre de barre soil agro-ecology. Two years (2005 and 2006) fertilizer omission trial including nitrogen (N), potassium (K), phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and zinc (Zn) was conducted in a randomized completed block design, with 4 replications at the Africa Rice Center experiment station, in Benin. The New Rice for Africa named NERICA 4 was sown. Weed dominance-abundance indices and biomass, as well as, rice grain yield were assessed. Results show that Digitaria horizontalis Wild and Mariscus cylindristachyus Steudel were the most dominant weed species in rainfed rice fields on terre de barre soils and the omission of Zn has ability to discriminate among weeds. Base on weed biomass (60.11 – 129.26 g m-2) reduction by 36 – 53% in treatments with Ca, Mg and P omission, the application of N, K and Zn was recommendable for basal fertilizer as integrated weed management practice for boosting rice production on terre de barre soils in West Africa.
Keywords
Chemotropism, Fertilizer, Rainfed Rice, Terre de Barre Soil, Weeds
To cite this article
Brahima Koné, Karidia Traoré, Amadou Touré, Basal Fertilizer Effects on Weed Occurrence and Rice Yield in Acid Upland Soil of West Africa at Bénin, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, pp. 14-22. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20140201.14
References
[1]
R.G. Guei, and K. Traoré. "New approach to germplasm exchange for a sustainable increase of rice biodiversity and production in Africa". Int. Rice Comm. Newsl. FAO, Rome, 2001. pp. 12-16.
[2]
R. Labrada. "Sustainable Rice Production for Food Security: The need for improved weed management in rice". Proceedings of the 20th Session of the International Rice Commission Bangkok, Thailand. 23–26 July 2002. FAO, Italy, Rome, 2003.pp. 65-80.
[3]
D.E. Johnson, M.C.S. Wopereis, D. Mbodj, S. Diallo, S. Powers, and S.M. Haefele. Timing of weed management and yield losses due to weeds in irrigated rice in the Sahel. Field Crops Res. 85, 2004: 31–42.
[4]
J. Rodenburg, and D.E Johnson. Weed management in rice-based cropping systems in Africa. Adv. Agron. 103, 2009: 149-218.
[5]
R. Labrada. "Weed management for developing countries". Addendum 1. FAO Plant production paper 120 Add. 1. FA0, Rome, 2003.pp.30-66.
[6]
F.B.P De Vida, E.A. Laca, D.J. Mackill, M. Grisel, and A.J. Fischer. Relating rice traits to weed competitiveness and yield: a path analysis. Weed Sci. 54, 2006: 1122–1131.
[7]
R. Naderi, and E. Bijanzadeth. Allelopathic potential of leaf, steam and root extracts of some Iranian rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars on barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-agalli) growth. Plant Knowledge Journal 1, 2012, (30): 37 – 40.
[8]
S.M. Rezaul Karim, A.M.T.A. Monoward Momin, and M. Begum. Allelopathic potential of selected rice varieties. African Journal of Biotechnology 11(88), 2012: 15410 – 15414.
[9]
M. Xu, R. Galhano, P. Wiemann, E. Bueno, M. Tiernan, W. Wu, I.M. Chung, I. Gershenzon, B. Tudzynski, A. Sesma, and R.J. Peters. Genetic evidence for natural product-mediat plant-plant allelopathy in rice (Oryza sativa). New Phytol, 193 (3), 2012: 570 – 575.
[10]
V. Tabaglio, A. Marocco, and M. Schulz. Allelopathic cover crop of rye for integrated weed control in sustainable agroecosystems. Italian J. Agron. 8 (e5), 2013: 35–40.
[11]
M. Olofsdotter, L.B. Jensen, and B. Courtois. Improving crop competitive ability using allelopathy-an example from rice. Plant Breeding 121 (1), 2002: 1 – 9.
[12]
F. Ekeleme, I. Akobundu, I.O. Isichei, and D. Chikoye. Influence of fallow type and land use intensity on weed seed rain in a forest/ savanna transition zone. Weed Sci. 48, 2000: 604-612.
[13]
R.A. Marenco, and Á.M.B. Santos. Crop rotation reduces weed competition and increases chlorophyll concentration and yield of rice. Pesqui. agropecu. Bras. 34 (10), 1999: 1881-1887.
[14]
K.G. Steiner, and S. Twonlow. "Weed management in conservation tillage systems. African conservation tillage network". Information series N˚8, ACT. Available from: http://www.act-Africa.org/ publication/infoseries/act_is08_print.pdf [April 2003]
[15]
A.K. Braimoh. Random and systematic land-cover transitions in northern Ghana. Agr. Ecosyst Env. 113(1–4), 2006 : 254–263.
[16]
T. Suehara. Labor exchange systems in Japan and DR Congo: Similarities and differences. Afr. Stud. Q. 9 (1-2), 2006: 55 – 65.
[17]
F. Ekeleme, A.Y. Kamara, S.O. Oikeh, L.O. Omoigui, P. Amaza, T. Abdoulaye, and D. Chikoye. Response of upland rice cultivars to weed competition in the savannas of West Africa. Crop prot. 28, 2009: 90-96.
[18]
T.R. Remington, J.L. Posner. On-ferm evaluation of weed control Technologies in direct-seeded rice in the Gambia. ATNESA, Gambia, 2000. Available from: http://www.atnesa.org.
[19]
CGIAR-Consultative Group on International Agricultural Rsearch. "Upland rice farmers new challenges. CGIAR News, 3 (1), 1996. Available from: http://www.worlbank.org/html/cigar/newsletter/ Mars96/4upland.htm.
[20]
B. Koné, G.L. Amadji, A. Touré, A. Yao-Kouamé, T.P. Angui, and J. Huat. Soil characteristic and Cyperus spp. occurrence along a toposequence. African Journal of Ecology, 51(3), 2013: 402 – 408.
[21]
M. Liebman, and A.S. Davis. Integration of soil, crop and weed management in low-external-input farming systems. Weed Res. 40, 2000: 27–47.
[22]
R.V. Dhima, and I.G. Eleftherohorinos. Influence of nitrogen on competition winter cereals and sterile oat. Weed Sci., 49, 2001: 77-82.
[23]
P.W. Richard. "The type of vegetation of the humid tropics in relation to the soil". Proc Tropical soils and vegetation, 20-24 October 1959, Abidjan. Paris, UNESCO. Pp. 90-120.
[24]
C. Nekala. Vascular plant compositional gradient within and between Lowa fens. J. Veg Sci. 15 (6), 2004: 771-780.
[25]
B. Koné, G.L. Amadji, M. Igue, and O. Ayoni. Rainfed upland rice production on a derived savannah soil of West Africa. J.A.P.S. 2 (4), 2009: 156 – 162.
[26]
D. Chicouene. Evaluation du peuplement de mauvaises herbes en végétation dans la parcelle. II. Protocole rapide pour un usage courant: Method for assessing the density of a weed peuplement within a field. Phytoma. 524, 2000: 18-23.
[27]
H.Z. Ghosheh, and N.A. Al-Hajaj. Impact of soil tillage and crop rotation on barley (Hordeum vulgare) and weeds in a semi-arid environment. J. Agron. Crop. Sci. 190, 2004: 374-381
[28]
J.L. Lindquist, D.A. Mortensen, P. Westra, W.J. Lambert, J.C. Fausey, S.J. Langton, J. Major, A. Ditommaso, L.A. German, and J.M. McCann. "Amazonian Dark Earth: origin, Properties, management: Weed population dynamics and management on Amazonian Dark earth". Kluwer academic Publishers, Dordrecht,2003. pp.120-130.
[29]
L. Armengot, L. José-María, J.M. Blanco-Moreno, A.R. Romero-Puente, and F. Xavier Sans. Landscape and land-use effect on weed flora in Mediterranean cereal fields. Agric. Ecosyst. Env. 42, 2010: 311 – 317.
[30]
V. Heuzé, G. Tran, and S. Giger-Riverdin. Scobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) forage and grain. Available from: http://www.feedipedia.org/node/40j. [June 2012]
[31]
M. Liebman, and R.H. Robichaux. Competition by barbely and pea against mustard: Effects on resource acquisition, photosynthesis and yield. Agr. Ecosyst. Env. 31, 1990: 155-172.
[32]
J. Major, A. Ditommaso, L.A. German, and J.M. McCann. "Amazonian Dark Earth: origin, Properties, management: Weed population dynamics and management on Amazonian Dark earth". Kluwer academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2003.pp. 90-120.
[33]
B.T Udoh, A.O. Ogunkunle, and N.U. Ndaeyo. Influence of Soil Series and Physico-chemical Properties on Weed Flora Distribution at Moor Plantation Ibadan,Southwestern Nig. J. Agri. Soc. Sci. 3 (2), 2007: 1813–2235
[34]
L.I. Okafor, and A.A. Adegbite. Predominant weeds of cowpea (Vigna unguculata) in Bauchi State. Nig. J. Weed Sci. 4, 1991: 11 – 15.
[35]
J.W. Kijne, R. Barker, and D. Molden. Comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture series: Limits and opportunities for improvement. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, Cambridge, 2003.pp. 150
[36]
B. Koné, A.G. Amadji, A. Saidu, S. Diatta, and C. Akakpo. Nutrient constraint and yield potential of rice on upland soil in the South of Dahomey gap of West Africa. Arch. Agron Soil Sci. 57 (7), 2011: 763-774
[37]
R.E. Blackshaw, L.J. Molnar, F.J. Larney. Fertilizer, manure and compost effects on weed 18 growth and competition with winter wheat in western Can. Crop Prot. 24, 2005: 971-980.
[38]
P.V. Vissoh, G. Gbehounou, A. Ahanchede, T.W. Kuyper, and N.G. Räling. Weeds as agricultural constraint to farmers in Benin: results of a diagnostic study. NJAS. 52-3 (4), 2004: 305 – 328.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186