Bioantifungal Activity of Selected Medicinal Plant Extracts against Root Rot of Fungal Disease
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2014, Pages: 31-36
Received: Jan. 19, 2014;
Published: Feb. 20, 2014
Views 3711 Downloads 254
Rozihawati Zahari, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Normala Halimoon, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Ahmad Said Sajap, Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Mohd Farid Ahmad, Department of Biodiversity, Forest of Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Kepong, Selangor, Malaysia
Mohamad Roslan Mohamed, Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Root rot disease of fungal such as Ganoderma philippii, Phellinus noxius and Rigidoporus microporus are well known destructive fungus to plant root. The in vitro antifungal screening of selected medicinal plants was studied against the disease. The twelve of Malaysian medicinal plants including the leaves of Aglaia argentea, A. leucophylla, A. grandis, A. odorata, A. odoratissima, A. varrisquama, Alium sativum (bulbs) and Cassia alata, Catharanthus roseus stems and leaves, Derris elliptica leaves and Tinospora baenzigeri stems were extracted using different types of solvents extraction i.e, dichloromethane (DCM), acetone and methanol at the concentration of 20 mg/mL. The extracts were studied for antifungal activities against three species of fungal disease including G. Philippii, P. noxius and R. microporus. The antifungal activities of the extracts were determined by the presence or absence of fungal inhibition zone growth on Potato dextrose agar (PDA). The extracts shows a significant results but varying in their antifungal activities on the selected fungal. The DCM and acetone extracts of C. roseus stems had the highest antifungal activities against R. microporus fungus compared to methanolic extract. On the other hand, acetone extracts of A. argentea leaves also gave the highest antifungal activities against G. philippii compared to other extracts. However, all of the extracts didn’t show any inhibition zone on P. noxius culture. In general, the DCM extracts of C. roseus stems contain the most of bio-antifungal of active compounds against R. microporus of fungal disease.
Ahmad Said Sajap,
Mohd Farid Ahmad,
Mohamad Roslan Mohamed,
Bioantifungal Activity of Selected Medicinal Plant Extracts against Root Rot of Fungal Disease, Journal of Plant Sciences.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2014, pp. 31-36.
S.S. Lee, "Diseases of some tropical plantation Acacias in Peninsular Malaysia," Pp. 53 – 96. In OLD KM, LEE SS & SHARMA JK. 1997 (Eds) Proceeding of an International Workshop on Disease of Tropical Acacias held at Subanjerjii (South Sumatra) 28 April – 3 May 1996. CIFOR Special Publication, Indonesia.
A. Mohd Farid, "Disease survey, identification and pathogenicity of root fungi in forest plantation of Peninsular Malaysia," pp. 321. Ph.D thesis, 2010, Universiti Sains Malaysia.
A. Eyles, C. Beadle, K. Barry, A. Francis, M. Glen, and C. Mohammed, "Management of fungal root-rot pathogens in tropical Acacia mangium plantations," Forest Pathology vol. 38, 2008, pp. 332–355.
R.S.B. Irianto, K.M. Barry, I. Hidayah, S. Ito, A. Fiani, A. Rimbawanto, and C. L. Mohammed, "Incidence and spatial analysis of root rot of Acacia mangium in Indonesia," Journal of Tropical Forest Science, vol. 18, 2006, pp. 87–90.
J.A. Pao, T.C. Tun, and H.K. Wen, "Phellinus noxius brown root rot of fruit and ornamental trees in Taiwan," Plant Disease, vol. 86(8), 2002, pp. 820-826.
K.E. Jayasuriya, and B.I. Thennakoon, "Biological control of Rigidoporus microporus, the cause of white root disease in rubber. Ceyon," Journal of Science (Biology and Science), vol. 36(1), 2007, pp. 9-16.
J. Nantiya, P. Patimaporn, P. Kanda, Y.Y. Boon-ek, and P.V. Supayang, "Terpenoid constituents and antifungal activity of Aglaia forbesii seed against phytopathogens," Canadian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 88, 2010, 937–944.
D. Nandris, M. Nicole, J.P. Geiger, and B. Mallet, "Root rot diseases in Ivory Coast's forests and plantations," Communication Sixth Int. Conference of IUFRO on Rott and Butt Rots, 25-31 August 1983a, Melbourne, Australia.
A. Mohd Farid, S.S. Lee, Z. Maziah, and M. Patahayah, "Pathogenicity of Rigidoporus microporus and Phellinus noxius against four major plantation tree species in Peninsular Malaysia," Journal of Tropical Forest Science, vol. 21(4), 2009, 289–298.
H. Ismail, and M.Y. Azaldin, "Interaction of sulfur with soil pH and root disease of rubber," Journal Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, vol. 33, 1985, pp. 59−69.
S.O. Lee, G.J. Choi, K.S. Jang, and J.C. Kim, "Antifungal Activity of five plant essential oils as fumigant against postharvest and soilborne plant pathogenic fungi," Plant Pathology Journal, vol. 23(2), 2007, pp. 97-102.
E. Doris, H. Franz, P. Thomas, V. Srunya, and G. Harald, "Cyclopenta [b] benzofurans from Aglaia species with pronounced antifungal activity against rice blast fungus (Pyricularia grisea). Journal Agriculture Food Chemistry, vol. 48, 2000, pp. 1400-1404.
P.R.H. Moreno, R. Van Der Heijden, and R. Verpoorte, "Elicitor-mediated induction of isochorismate synthase and accumulation of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid in Catharanthus roseus cell suspension and shoot cultures," Plant Cell Rep., vol. 14, 1994a, pp. 188-191.
A.A. Makinde, J.O. Igoli, L. Ta’ama, S.J. Shaibu, and A. Garba, Antimicrobial activity of Cassia alata. African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 6 (13), 2007, pp. 1509-1510.
R. Oumadevi, R. Guy, E.R. Francisco, C. Kiban, U.R. Suzanne, Q.L. Joelle, G.F. Ameenah, and H.S. Anwar, "Screening for anti-infective properties of several medicinal plants of the Mauritians flora," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 109, 2007, 331–337.
H.R. Jean, M.N. Jean, L.C. Gaelle, T.P. Philippe, Z.H. Monique, and L.M.O. Louisette, "Isolation of indole alkaloids from Catharanthus roseus by centrifugal partition chromatography in the pH-zone refining mode," Journal of Chromatography, vol. 849, 1999, pp. 421–431.
G. Brader, S. Vajrodaya, H. Greger, M. Bacher, H. Kalchhauser, and O. Hofer, "Bisamides, lignans, triterpenes, and insecticidal cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia species," Journal of Natural Products, vol. 61(12), 1998, pp. 1482-1490.
Praptiwi, H. Mindarti, and A. Ida, "Peroxide values of Aglaia argentea Blume, A. silvestria (M. Roemer) Merr., and A. tomentosa Teijsm. and Binn., Biodiversitas, vol. 7(3), 2006, pp. 242-244.
L.D. Lawson, "Garlic: A review of its medicinal effects and indicated active compounds. pp. 176–209. In: L.S. Lawson, and R. Bauer, (Eds), Phytomedicines of Europe: Chemistry and Biological Activity, ACS Symposium Series 691, 1998, American Chemical Society, Washington.
F.E. Barone, and M.R. Tansey, "Isolation, purification, identification, synthesis, and kinetics of activity of the anticandidal component of Allium sativum, and a hypothesis for its mode of action," Mycologia 69, 1977, pp. 793-825.
K. Raka, M. Vandana, V. Sharad, J. Megha, and B. Jaya, "Antimicrobial activity of bioacive metabolites isolated from selected medicinal plants," Asian J. Exp. Sci., vol. 21(2), 2007.
S. Singh, R. Srivastava, and S. Choudhary, "Antifungal and HPLC analysis of the crude extracts of Acorus calamus, Tinospora cordifolia and Celestrus paniculatus," Journal of Agricultural Technology, vol.6 (1), 2010, 149-158.
H. Ravn, C. Andary, G. Kavacs, and P. Molgaard, Caffeic acid as in vitro inhibitors of plant pathogenic bacteria and fungi, Biochemistry System and Ecology, vol. 17, 1989, pp. 174-184.
M.A. Fernandez, M.T. Saenz, and M.D. Garcia, "Anti-inflammatory activity in rats and mice of phenolic acids isolated from Scrophularia frutescens," Journal of Pharma Pharmacology, vol. 50, 1998, pp. 1183-1186.
S. Tawata, S. Taira, N. Kobamoto, J. Zhu, M. Ishihara, and S. Toyama, "Synthesis and antifungal activity of cinnamic acid esters," Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry, vol. 60, 1996, pp. 909-910.
R.K. Korir, C. Mutai, C. Kiiyukia, and C. Bii, "Antimicrobial activity and safety of two medicinal plants traditionally used in Bomet District of Kenya," Research Journal of Medicinal Plant, vol. 6(5), 2012, pp. 370-382.
Q. William, "Least toxic controls of plant diseases," Brooklyn Botanic garden, Natural Disease Control, vol. 11, 2008, pp. 225.
M. Nyenje, and R.N. Ndip, "In-vitro antimicrobial activity of crude acetone extract of the stem bark of Combretum molle against selected bacterial pathogens," Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 5(21), 2011, pp. 5315-5320.
P.J. Masoko, and J.N. Eloff, "Bioautography indicates the multiplicity of antifungal compounds from twenty-four Southern African Combretum species. African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 5(18), 2006, pp. 1625-1647.
N.M. Hussin, R. Muse, S. Ahmad, J. Ramli, M. Mahmood, M.R. Sulaiman, M.Y.A. Shukor, M.F.A. Rahman, and K.N.K. Aziz, "Antifungal activity of extracts and phenolic compounds from Barringtonia racemosa L. (Lecythidaceae)," African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 8 (12), 2009, pp. 2835-2842.
I. Darah, K. Jain, S. Suraya, S.H. Lim, N. Hazarina, and A. Siti Noor Adnalizawati, "Screening for antiyeast activities from selected medicinal plants," Journal of Tropical Forest Science, vol. 18(4), 2006, pp. 231–235.
O.O. Igbinosa, E.O. Igbinosa, and O.A. Aiyegoro, "Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of stem bark extracts from Jatropha curcas (Linn)," African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Vol. 3(2), 2009, pp. 058-062.