Bioantifungal Activity of Selected Medicinal Plant Extracts against Root Rot of Fungal Disease
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2014, Pages: 31-36
Received: Jan. 19, 2014; Published: Feb. 20, 2014
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Authors
Rozihawati Zahari, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Normala Halimoon, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Ahmad Said Sajap, Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Mohd Farid Ahmad, Department of Biodiversity, Forest of Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Kepong, Selangor, Malaysia
Mohamad Roslan Mohamed, Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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Abstract
Root rot disease of fungal such as Ganoderma philippii, Phellinus noxius and Rigidoporus microporus are well known destructive fungus to plant root. The in vitro antifungal screening of selected medicinal plants was studied against the disease. The twelve of Malaysian medicinal plants including the leaves of Aglaia argentea, A. leucophylla, A. grandis, A. odorata, A. odoratissima, A. varrisquama, Alium sativum (bulbs) and Cassia alata, Catharanthus roseus stems and leaves, Derris elliptica leaves and Tinospora baenzigeri stems were extracted using different types of solvents extraction i.e, dichloromethane (DCM), acetone and methanol at the concentration of 20 mg/mL. The extracts were studied for antifungal activities against three species of fungal disease including G. Philippii, P. noxius and R. microporus. The antifungal activities of the extracts were determined by the presence or absence of fungal inhibition zone growth on Potato dextrose agar (PDA). The extracts shows a significant results but varying in their antifungal activities on the selected fungal. The DCM and acetone extracts of C. roseus stems had the highest antifungal activities against R. microporus fungus compared to methanolic extract. On the other hand, acetone extracts of A. argentea leaves also gave the highest antifungal activities against G. philippii compared to other extracts. However, all of the extracts didn’t show any inhibition zone on P. noxius culture. In general, the DCM extracts of C. roseus stems contain the most of bio-antifungal of active compounds against R. microporus of fungal disease.
Keywords
Bio-Antifungal Activity, Medicinal Plants, Root Rot, Fungal Disease
To cite this article
Rozihawati Zahari, Normala Halimoon, Ahmad Said Sajap, Mohd Farid Ahmad, Mohamad Roslan Mohamed, Bioantifungal Activity of Selected Medicinal Plant Extracts against Root Rot of Fungal Disease, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, pp. 31-36. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20140201.16
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