Evaluation of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) Varieties, for Yield and Yield Components at Kako, Southern Ethiopia
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 4, August 2014, Pages: 129-133
Received: Jul. 29, 2014; Accepted: Aug. 15, 2014; Published: Aug. 30, 2014
Views 2883      Downloads 245
Tekle Yoseph, Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Department of Crop Science Research Process, Jinka, Ethiopia
Zemach Sorsa, Department of Plant Sciences,Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
A field experiment involving seven improved sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] varieties and one local check was carried out at Kako farmers’ training center during the 2006 main cropping season to identify the best performing variety to the lowlands of South Omo Zone. The sorghum varieties included in the field experiment were seven improved (Seredo, Meko-1, 76TI#23, Gambella 1107, Teshale, Gubiye, Abshir) and a local check. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Phenological and growth parameters such as yield and yield components, total biomass and harvest index were studied. The result showed that all phenological and growth parameters were significantly affected by variety except number of tillers and panicle length per plant. There was a proportional increment on the number of tillers per plant observed for the improved sorghum varieties over the local check. Grain yield, total biomass, 1000 seeds weight and harvest index were significantly affected by variety. Grain yield advantages of 74.26%, 64.96% and 58.06%, were obtained from the improved sorghum varieties Teshale, Meko-1 and Gambella 1107, respectively over the local check. The highest grain yields of (3.3667 t ha-1) and (2.4733 t ha-1) were recorded for the varieties Teshale and Meko-1, respectively. Therefore, it can be concluded that use of the improved sorghum varieties such as Teshale or Meko-1 is advisable and could be appropriate for sorghum production in the test area even though further testing is required to put the recommendation on a strong basis.
Growth Parameters, Phenological Parameters, Sorghum Variety, Yield Components, Yield
To cite this article
Tekle Yoseph, Zemach Sorsa, Evaluation of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) Varieties, for Yield and Yield Components at Kako, Southern Ethiopia, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 129-133. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20140204.12
AATF [African Agricultural Technology Foundation]. 2011. Feasibility Study on Striga Control in Sorghum Nirobi, African Agricultural Technology Foundation. ISBN 9966-775-12-9
FAO. 2005. FAO STAT statistical data base for Agriculture
FAO. (1998). Seed Policy And Programmes For Sub Saharan Africa : Proceedings Of The Regional Technical Meetings On Seed Policy And Programmes For Sub Saharan Africa, Abidjan, Cote Devoire 23-27 November, 1998, Rome, Italy: The FAO
Lacy, S.M., Cleveland, D.A., Soleri, D., 2006. Farmer choice of sorghum varieties in southern Mali. Hum. Ecol. 34, 331–353.
Kirsten vom Brockea,, Gilles Trouche, Eva Weltzien, Clarisse P. Barro-Kondombo, Eric Gozé, Jacques Chantereau. 2010. Participatory variety development for sorghum in Burkina Faso: Farmers’ selection and farmers’ criteria. Field Crops Research 119 (2010) 183–194
Gudu S, E.O. Ouma, A.O. Onkware, E.J. Too, B.A. Were, J.O. Ochuodho, C.O. Othieno, J.R. .Okalebo, J. Agalo and S.M. 2013. Preliminary Participatory On-farm Sorghum Variety Selection for Tolerance to drought, Soil Acidity and Striga in Western Kenya. Maina Moi University, Kenya First Bio-Innovate Regional Scientific Conference United Nations Conference Centre (UNCC-ECA) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Adugna Asfaw. 2007. The role of introduced sorghum and millets in Ethiopian agriculture Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, Nazareth, Ethiopia. SAT eJournal ejournal.icrisat.org Volume 3 Issue 1
KARI (Kenya Agricultural Research Institute). 2000. Proceedings of the 7th KARI Biennial Scientific Conference.
Central Statistics Authority (CSA). 2000. Agricultural sample survey 1999/2000. Report on area and production for major crops (private peasant holdings, main season). Statistical Bulletin No. 227. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Wortmann, C.S., Martha Mamo,Girma Abebe, Kaizzi, K., Mburu, C., Letayo, E & Xerinda, S.2006. An atlas of sorghum production in eastern Africa. http://intsormil.org. Accessed 15 June 2010.
CSA (Central Statistical Authority) (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia), 2005. Agricultural Sample Survey. Volume IV. Report on land utilization.
Benti, T. 1993. The need and objective of the first national maize workshop. In: T. Benti and J. Ranson (eds.), Proceedings of the first national maize workshop of Ethiopia. 5-7 May 1992, IAR/CIMMYT, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia. 1-5pp.
SAS (2007) Statistical Analysis Systems SAS/STAT user’s guide Version 9.1 Cary NC: SAS Institute Inc. USA
Hussain Nazir , Mohammad Safdar Baloch, Muhammad Yousaf Muhammad Naeem,Abdul Aziz Khakwani and Irshad Begum. 2011. Performance of Sorghum Varieties in Potohar Region. Gomal University Journal of Research, 27(2). December 2011.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186