Effect of Carbon Monoxide Fumigation on the Respiration and Oxidase Activities of Postharvest Jujube
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 4, August 2014, Pages: 139-144
Received: Aug. 17, 2014; Accepted: Aug. 25, 2014; Published: Sep. 10, 2014
Views 2520      Downloads 98
Authors
Li Qin, College of Food Science, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen, China
Zhang Shaoying, College of Food Science, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen, China
Ju Lili, College of Food Science, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Postharvest jujubes were fumigated with 5, 10, 20 or 40 μmol/L carbon monoxide (CO) for 1 h and then preserved for 30 d at ambient temperature. The effects of CO fumigation on the respiration and oxidase activities of postharvest jujube were determined. Results showed that low CO concentrations (5–10 μmol/L) could restrain the increases of respiration rate, malonaldehyde content, and relative membrane permeability of postharvest jujube. However, high CO concentrations (20–40 μmol/L) showed adverse effects on jujube preservation. Jujube fumigated with 10 μmol/L CO demonstrated optimum effects, and this CO concentration effectively reduced the oxidase activities including lipoxygenase, cytochrome oxidase, polyphenol oxidase and ascorbic oxidase during jujube storage time. As for the reduction of respiration rate and oxidase activities, the delay of membrane lipid peroxidation, fumigating jujube with appropriate concentration of CO might be applied to preserve postharvest jujube and other fruits.
Keywords
Jujube, Carbon Monoxide, Respiration, Oxidase Activity, Preservation
To cite this article
Li Qin, Zhang Shaoying, Ju Lili, Effect of Carbon Monoxide Fumigation on the Respiration and Oxidase Activities of Postharvest Jujube, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 139-144. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20140204.14
References
[1]
Antunes, M. D. C., Dandlen, S., Cavaco, A. M., Mgjuel, G., 2010. Effects of postharvest application of 1-MCP and postcutting dip treatment on the quality and Nutritional properties of fresh-cut kiwifruit. J. Agric. Food Chem., 58, 6173-6181.
[2]
Arnold, S. 2012. The power of life — Cytochrome c oxidase takes center stage in metabolic control, cell signalling and survival. Mitochondrion, 12, 46–56.
[3]
Baysal T, Demirdöven A., 2007. Lipoxygenase in fruits and vegetables: A review. Enzyme Microb. Technol., 40(4), 491–496
[4]
Chen J., Geng B.B., Shen W.B, Huang L.Q., 2009. Signal transduction of carbon monoxide in plants. Chemistry of Life, 29(2), 283-286.
[5]
Dulak, J., Józkowicz, A., 2003. Carbon monoxide - a “new” gaseous modulator of gene expression. Acta Biochim Pol., 50, 31-47.
[6]
Han, Y., Zhang J, Chen, X., Gao, Z., Xuan, W., Xu, S., Ding, X., She, W.B., 2008. Carbon monoxide alleviates cadmium-induced oxidative damage by modulating glutathione metabolism in the roots of Medicago sativa. New Phytol., 177(1), 155-166.
[7]
Leong S.Y., Oey I. 2012. Effect of endogenous ascorbic acid oxidase activity and stability on vitamin C in carrots (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) during thermal treatment. Food Chem., 134(4), 2075-2085.
[8]
Leprince, O., Werf, A.V., Deltour, R., Lambers, H., 1992. Respiratory pathways in germinating maize radicles correlated with desiccation tolerance and soluble sugars. Physiol. Plant., 85, 581-588.
[9]
Ling, T.F., Zhang, B., Lin, J.S., Liu, H., Wei, S.Y., Sun, Y.G., Shen, W.B., 2006. Effects of carbon monoxide on vase life and antioxidative metabolism in cut rose flower. Acta Horticulturae Sinica, 33(4), 779-782 (in Chinese).
[10]
Liu, K.L., Xu, S., Xuan, W., Ling, T.F., Cao, Z.Y., Huang, B.K., Sun Y.G., Fang, L., Liu, Z.Y., Zhao, N., Shen, W.B., 2007. Carbon monoxide counteracts the inhibition of seed germination and alleviates oxidative damage caused by salt stress in Oryza sativa. Plant Sci., 172, 544-555.
[11]
Long, J.G., Wang, X.M., Gao, H.X., Liu, Z., Liu, C.S., Miao, M.Y., Liu, J.K., 2006. Malonaldehyde acts as a mitochondrial toxin, Inhibitory effects on respiratory function and enzyme activities in isolated rat liver mitochondria. Life Sci., 79, 1466-1472.
[12]
Mayer, A.M., 2006. Polyphenol oxidases in plants and fungi: Going places? A review. Phytochemistry, 67, 2318–2331.
[13]
Prasad, T.K., Anderson, M.D., Stewart, C.R., 1994. Acclimation, hydrogen peroxide, and abscisic acid protect mitochondria against irreversible chilling injury in maize seedlings. Plant Physiol., 105, 619-627.
[14]
Sandhya., 2010. Modified atmosphere packaging of fresh produce, Current status and future needs. LWT - Food Sci. Technol., 43, 381-392
[15]
Song, X.G., She, X.P., Zhang, B., 2008. Carbon monoxide-induced stomatal closure in Vicia faba is dependent on nitric oxide synthesis, Physiol. Plantarum, 132, 514-525.
[16]
Suda, I., Furuta, S., Nishiba, Y., 1994. Fluorometric determination of a 1,3-diethyl-2-thiobarbituric acid-malondialdehyde adduct as an index of lipid peroxidation in plant materials. Biosci. Biotech. and Biochem., 58: 14-17.
[17]
Vreman, H.J., Wong, R.J., Stevenson, D.K., 2011. Quantitating carbon monoxide production from heme by vascular plant preparations in vitro. Plant Physiol. Biochem., 49, 61-68.
[18]
Xie, Y.J., Ling, T.F., Han, Y., Liu, K. L., Zheng, Q.S., Huang, L.Q., Yuan, X.X., He Z., Hu, B., Fang, L., Shen, Z.G., Yang, Q., Shen, W.B., 2008. Carbon monoxide enhances salt tolerance by nitric oxide-mediated maintenance of ion homeostasis and up-regulation of antioxidant defense in wheat seedling root. Plant Cell Environ., 31(12), 1864-1881
[19]
Xing, Z.T., Wang, Y.S., Feng, Z.Y., Tan, Q., 2008. Effect of different packaging films on postharvest quality and selected enzyme activities of hypsizygus marmoreus mushrooms. J. Agric. Food Chem., 56, 11838-11844.
[20]
Xu, J., Xuan, W., Huang, B.K., Zhou, Y.H., Ling, T.F., Xu, S, Shen, W.B., 2006. Carbon monoxide-induced adventitious rooting of hypocotyl cuttings from mung bean seedling. Chinese Sci. Bull., 51(6), 668-674.
[21]
Xuan, W., Xu S., Yuan, X., Shen, W.B., 2008. Carbon monoxide, a novel and pivotal signal molecule in plants? Plant Signal Behav., 3, 381-382.
[22]
Yu, Y.W., Zhang, S.Y., Ren, Y.Z., Li, H., Zhang, X.N., Di, J.H., 2012. Jujube preservation using chitosan film with nano-silicon dioxide. J. Food Eng., 113, 408-414.
[23]
Zhang, S.Y., Li, N., 2014. Effects of carbon monoxide on quality, nutrients and antioxidant activity of postharvest jujube. J. Sci. Food Agric., 94(5), 1013-1019.
[24]
Zhang, S.Y., Yu, Y.W., Xiao, C.L., Wang, X.D., Tian, Y.Y., 2013. Effect of carbon monoxide on browning of fresh-cut lotus root slice in relation to phenolic metabolism. LWT - Food Sci. Technol., l53, 555-559.
[25]
Zhong, Q.P., Xia, W.S., 2007. Effect of 1-methylcyclopropene and/or chitosan coating treatments on storage life and quality maintenance of Indian jujube fruit. LWT - Food Sci. Technol., 40, 404-411.
[26]
Zhu, S.H., Sun, L., Zhou, J., 2009. Effects of nitric oxide fumigation on phenolic metabolism of postharvest Chinese winter jujube (Zizyphus jujuba Mill. cv. Dongzao) in relation to fruit quality. LWT - Food Sci. Technol., 42, 1009-1014.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186