Plant Canopy, Tuber Yield and Growth Analysis of Potato under Moderate and Severe Drought Condition
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 201-208
Received: Sep. 20, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 5, 2014;
Published: Oct. 20, 2014
Views 2947 Downloads 242
Abdullah- Al-Mahmud, International Potato Center (CIP), USAID Horticulture Project, Bangladesh
Md. Altaf Hossain, Tuber Crops Research Centre (TCRC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Abdullah-Al-Mamun, Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE), Rangpur, Bangladesh
Md. Shamimuzzaman, Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
Ebna Habib Md. Shafiur Rahaman, International Potato Center (CIP), USAID Horticulture Project, Bangladesh
Md. Shawquat Ali Khan, Agronomy Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Mahfuz Bazzaz, Agronomy Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Four CIP potato clones with 1 check variety Asterix were grown during 2010-11 and 2011-12 at Horticulture Research Farm of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh to observe the effect of water stress on canopy structure, yield and growth rate of potato. The study validated that all the genotypes showed reduction in plant height, number of above ground shoots per plant, tuber number per plant and yield by different degrees of drought. Significant yield reduction was found among the genotypes due to drought treatments. Genotype CIP 396244.12 and CIP 393371.58 performed better in severe drought condition in producing higher number of tuber per plant and yield. CIP 396244.12 produced the highest leaf area index in all drought treatments whereas the CIP 391004.18 produced the minimum. In all stage of growth, crop growth rate was affected by different drought treatments where CIP 396244.12 showed the highest crop growth rate followed by CIP 393371.58 and CIP 391004.18 being the lowest. Under severe and moderate drought condition genotype CIP 396244.12 maintained a higher tuber growth rate but under well watered condition CIP 396244.12 and Asterix achieved superior.
Md. Altaf Hossain,
Ebna Habib Md. Shafiur Rahaman,
Md. Shawquat Ali Khan,
Md. Mahfuz Bazzaz,
Plant Canopy, Tuber Yield and Growth Analysis of Potato under Moderate and Severe Drought Condition, Journal of Plant Sciences.
Vol. 2, No. 5,
2014, pp. 201-208.
Barakat, M.A.S.S., M. El-Araby, and F.I. Adgham. 1994. Varietal response of potato to graded dose of nitrogen and potassium. Alex. Agric. Res. 39 (34): 399 − 414.
BBS. 2010. Year book of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Ministry of planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
Deblonde, P.K.M., A.J. Haverkort, and J.F. Ladent.1999. Response of early and late potato cultivars to moderate drought conditions: agronomic parameters and carbon isotope discrimination. Europ. J. Agronomy. 11: 91−105.
Deblonde, P.M.K. and J.F. Ladent. 2001. Effects of moderate drought conditions on green leaf number, stem height, leaf length and tuber yield of potato cultivars. European Journal of Agronomy. 14: 31-41.
Dey, T.K., Z.H. Prodhan, and M.S. Hossain. 2007. Potato Late Blight and its Integrated Management. (Booklet in Bengali). Breeders Seed Production Centre. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Debiganj, Panchagarh, Bangladesh.
Fernie, A.R., and L. Willmitzer. 2001. Molecular and biochemical triggers of tuber development. Plant Physiol. 127: 1459-1465.
French, J. 1997. Primary response of root and leaf elongation to water deficits in the atmosphere and soil solution. J. Exp. Bot. 48 (310): 985-999.
Gregory, P.J. and L.P. Simmonds. 1992. Water relations and growth of potatoes. In: P.M.Harris (Ed.) The potato crop- The scientific basis for improvement. 2nd ed. Chapman and Hall, London. pp. 214-246.
Hassanpanah, D. 2010. Evaluation of Potato Advanced Cultivars against Water Deficit Stress Under in vitro and in vivo Condition. Biotechnology. 9(2): 164-169.
Hassanpanah, D., E. Gurbanov, A. Gadimov, and R. Shahriari. 2008. Determination of yield stability in advanced potato cultivars as affected by water deficit and potassium humate in Ardabil region, Iran. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 15: 1354-1359.
Havaerkort, A.J., M. van de Waart, and K.B.A. Bodlaender.1990. The effect of early drought stress on numbers of tubers and stolons of potato in controlled and field conditions. Potato Research. 33: 89-96.
Heuer, B. and A. Nadler. 1998. Physiological response of potato plants to soil salinity and water deficit. Plant Science. 137: 43-51.
Jefferies, R. A. 1989. Water stress and leaf growth in field–grown crops of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Journal of Experimental Botany. 40: 1375-1381.
Levy, D. 1992. Osmotic potential of potatoes subjected to a single cycle of water deficit. Potato research. 35: 17-24.
Mackerron, D.K.L. and R.A. Jefferies. 1988. The distribution of tuber sizes in droughted and irrigated crops of potato. I. Observation on the effect of water stress on graded yields from differing cultivars. Potato Research. 31: 269-278.
Miller, D.E. and M.W. Martin. 1985. Effect of declining or interrupted irrigation on yield and quality of three potato cultivars grown on a sandy soil. Am. Potato J. 64: 109-117.
Nagaranjan, S. and K.C. Bansal. 1991. Growth and distribution of dry matter in a drought tolerant and a susceptible potato cultivar under normal and water deficit condition. J. Agronomy & Crop Science. 167: 112-118.
Ramamasy, S. and S. Baas. 2007. Climate variability and change: Adaptation to drought in Bangladesh. A resource book and training guide. Asian Disaster Preparedness Center, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Schittenhelm, S., H. Sourell and F.J. LÖpmeier. 2006. Drought resistance of potato cultivars with contrasting canopy architecture. Europ. J. Agronomy. 24: 193-202.
Shaterian, J., D. R. Waterer, H. de Jong and K.K. Tanino. 2008. Methodologies and traits for evaluating the salt tolerance in diploid potato clones. Am. J. Pot. Res. 85: 93-100.
Struik, P. C. and G. van Voorst. 1986. Effects of drought on the initiation, yield and size distribution of tubers of Solanun tuberosum L. cv. Bintje. Potato Research. 29: 487-500.
Van Loon, C.D. 1981. The effect of water stress on potato growth, development and yield. Amer. Potato J. 58: 51-69.
Wurr, D.C.E. 1974. Some effects of seed size and spacing on the yield and grading of two main potato varieties. I. Final yield and its relation to plant population. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge. 82: 37-45.
Wurr, D.C.E., C.C. Hole, Jane R. Fellows, Jane Milling, J.R. Lynn and P.J. Obrien. 1997. The effect of some environmental factors on potato tuber Numbers. Potato Research. 40: 297-306.