Ganoderma Lobenense (Basidiomycetes), a New Species from Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis) in Cameroon
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 242-245
Received: Sep. 18, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 20, 2014;
Published: Nov. 10, 2014
Views 2864 Downloads 182
Tonjock Rosemary Kinge, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Bamenda, P. O. ox 39, North West Region, Cameroon
Afui Mathias Mih, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P. O. Box 63, South West Region, Cameroon
A species of Ganoderma, which could not be identified with any known species, was found in the Lobe oil palm plantations of PAMOL limited Cameroon during a survey of basal stem rot disease of oil palm in the South West Region of Cameroon. It has a septatipelis pileipellis (presence of septa at the top, middle and bottom parts of the pileipellis) which distinguishes it morphologically from other species of Ganoderma. Based on this distinct morphological character we describe it as a species new to science and named it Ganoderma lobenense R.K. Tonjock and A.M. Mih, with the specific epithet derived from the name of the type locality (Lobe), where the specimen was collected. The type specimen (HKAS 58059) is lodged at the HKAS (Herbarium of Cryptogams, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences) in China.
Tonjock Rosemary Kinge,
Afui Mathias Mih,
Ganoderma Lobenense (Basidiomycetes), a New Species from Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis) in Cameroon, Journal of Plant Sciences.
Vol. 2, No. 5,
2014, pp. 242-245.
J. W. Taylor, D. J. Jacobson, S. Kroken, T. Kasuga, D. M. Geiser, D. S. Hibbett and M. C. Fischer, (2000). Phylogenetic Species Recognition and Species Concepts in Fungi. Fungal Genetics and Biology, vol 31, 2000, pp 21 – 32.
B. J. Smith, and K. Sivasithamparam, (2000a). Internal transcribed spacer ribosomal DNA sequence of five species of Ganoderma from Australia. Mycological Research, vol. 104, pp. 943 – 951.
C. A. Pilotti, F. R. Sanderson, A. B. Aitken, and W. Armstrong, Morphological variation and host range of two Ganoderma species from Papua New Guinea. Mycopathologia, vol 158, 2004, pp 251 – 265.
P. A. Karsten, Enumeratio boletinearum et poly- porearum fennicarum. Systemate novo dispositarum. Rev. Mycol. Vol. 3, 1881, pp.16-19
P. D. Turner, Oil Palm Diseases and Disorders. KualaLumpur, Oxford University Press, 1981, pp. 281
T. R. Kinge, 2012. Basal Stem Rot Disease of Oil palm and Identification of species of Ganoderma in South Western Cameroon. PhD thesis, University of Buea, 2012, pp. 272
F. F. Tengoua, C. Bakoume, Basal stem rot and vascular wilt, two threats for the oil palm sector in Cameroon. The Planter, vol. 81, 2005, pp. 97–105.
F. R. Sanderson, C. A. Pilotti, and P. D. Bridge, (2000). Basidiospores: their influence on our thinking regarding a control strategy for basal stem rot. In: Flood, J., Bridge, P. D., Holderness, M. (Eds.), Ganoderma Diseases of Perennial Crops. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, 2000, pp. 113 – 119.
J. Flood, P. D. Bridge, and M. Holderness, Ganoderma Diseases of Perennial Crops. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, 2000, pp32.
G. Singh, Ganoderma the scourge of oil palms in the coastal areas. In: Arrifin, D. and Jalani, S. (editors) Proceedings of Ganoderma workshop, Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, 11 September, 1990, pp 113-131.
Y. W. Ho, and A. Nawawi, (1986). Isolation, growth and sporophore development of Ganoderma boninense from oil palm in Malaysia. Pertanika, vol 9, 1986, pp 69 – 73
J. Flood, Y. Hasan, and H. Foster, Ganoderma Diseases of Oil Palm – An interpretation from Bah Lias Research station. The Planter, vol 78, 2002, pp 689 – 710.
D. Ariffin, A. S. Idris, and H. Abdul, (1991). Histopathological studies on colonisation of oil palm root by Ganoderma boninense. Elaeis, vol 3, 1991, pp 289 – 293.
E. T. Awah, J. Hof, T. Nyore, and P. Tambe, Soil survey and land evaluation of Pamol, Lobe Estate. National Soils Center Ekona Station, FAOAJNDP Project, 1984.
L. Ryvarden, and I. Johansen, A Preliminary Polypore Flora of East Africa, Fungiflora, Oslo, 1980, pp. 636
R. L. Steyaert, Study of some Ganoderma species. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique Nationale Belgique vol. 50, 1980, pp. 135–186.
E. J.H. Corner, Ad Polyporaceas I. Amauroderma and Ga noderma. Beheift. Nova Hedwegia .vol. 75, 1983, pp.1–183.
A. M. Gottlieb, E. Ferrer, and J. E. Wright, Taxonomy of Ganoderma from southern South America subgenus Ganoderma. Mycological Research. Vol 103, 1999, pp. 661–673.
J.M. Moncalvo, and L. Ryvarden, A nomenclatural study of the Ganodermataceae. Synopsis Fungorum 11, Fungiflora, Oslo, Norway, 1997, pp. 1–114.
L. Ryvarden, Can we trust morphology in Ganoderma? In: Buchanan PK, Hsea RS, Moncalvo JM, eds, Proceedings of Contributed Symposium 59, Fifth International Mycological Congress, Vancouver, Canada, 1995, pp. 19–24.
L. Ryvarden, Studies in neotropical polypores 2: a preliminary key to neotropical species of Ganoderma with a lacate pileus. Mycologia, vol. 92, 2000, pp. 180–191.
M. E. Bazzalo and J. E. Wright, Survey of the Argentine species of the Ganoderma lucidum complex. Mycotaxon. Vol. 16, 1982, pp. 293–325.
R.L. Gilbertson and L. Ryvarden, North American Polypores, Vol. 1. Abortiporus–Lindtneria. Fungiflora, Oslo, Norway. 1986.
L. Tham, A phylogenetic hypothesis of the Ganodermataceae based on a possible mode of basidiospore evolution. Mycotaxon, vol. 69, 1998, pp1–12
J. D. Zhao, The Ganodermataceae in China. Bibl Mycol . vol 132, 1989, pp. 1–176
R. L. Steyaert, Genus Ganoderma (Polyporaceae). Taxa nova. II. Bull Jard Bot Etat Brux. Vol. 32, 1962, pp. 89–104.