Physico-Chemical Investigation of Honey Samples from Bee Farmers in Ekiti State, Southwest Nigeria
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 246-249
Received: Aug. 26, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 25, 2014; Published: Nov. 10, 2014
Views 3308      Downloads 259
Joshua Kayode, Department of Plant Science, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Sunday Dele Oyeyemi, Department of Plant Science, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Fifteen honey samples obtained from different locations in Ekiti State, Southwest Nigeria were analyzed for some physico-chemical attributes including pH, moisture contents, ash contents, total acidity, total solid, proline contents. The results showed a range of honey colours from amber to dark brown. The pH of the samples ranged from 3.73 to 4.60 while the total solid ranged between 76.60% to 90.73%, moisture content varied from 9.72% to 23.40%, ash 0.004 to 0.440% and total acidity 21.5 to 33.6 meqkg- 1. Twelve samples passed proline tests while three failed proline test. Generally, the findings showed that the attributes of twelve of the commercial honeys agreed with the international standards which make them good for human consumption while others have higher values than normal level in certain parameters, thus suggesting some level of adulteration by farmers.
Honey, Physico-Chemical Attributes, Adulteration, Ekiti State, Nigeria
To cite this article
Joshua Kayode, Sunday Dele Oyeyemi, Physico-Chemical Investigation of Honey Samples from Bee Farmers in Ekiti State, Southwest Nigeria, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 246-249. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20140205.26
White, J.W. 1978. Honey. Food Research Advances, 24, 287-474.
Nour, M. 1988. Some factors affecting quality of Egyptian Honey. Ph. D, Thesis In Economic Enthomology, Cairo University.
Bogdanov, S., Kaspar, R., Livia, P.O. 2004. Physico-chemical methods for the characterization of Unifloral Honeys: A Review, Apidologie, 35: Pp S4-S17.
Clement, H., Bruneau, E., Barbancon, J.M., Bonnaaffe, P., Domerogo, R., Fert, G., Le Conte, Y., Ratia, J., Reeb, C., Veissiere, B. 2002. Le traite rustica de l‘apiculture. Paris: Tralte Rustica, p. 528.
Ouchemoulkh, S., Loualleche, N., Schweltzer, P. 2007. Physico-chemical characteristics and pollen spectrum of some Algerian honeys. Food control, 18: 52-58.
Dunford, C.R., Copper, C.R., Molan, P., White, R. 2000. The use of Honey in wound management. Nursing Standard, 15:63-68.
Adebiyi, F.M., Akpan, T., Obiajuwa, E.T., Olaniyi, H.B. 2004. Chemical and physical characterization of Nigeria honey. Pakistan. J. Nutr., 3:278-281.
Lawal, R.A., Lawal, A.K., Adekalu, J.B. 2009. Physico-chemical studies on Adulteration of Honey in Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 12: 1080-1084.
Agbagwa, O.E., Otokunefor, T.V., Frank-Peterside Nnenna. 2011. Quality assessment of Nigeria honey and Manuka honey. J. Microbiol. Biotech, Res., 1(3):20-31.
Terrab, A., Recamales, A.F., Hernanz, D., Heredia, F.J. 2004. Characterization of Spanish thyme honey by their physicochemical characteristics and mineral contents. J. Food Chem. 4(88): 537-542.
A.O.A.C. 1990. Official methods of analysis. Sugars and sugar production in Horwtitz; W (Ed.), Official methods of analysis of A.OA.C International, Maryland, U.S.A, 2(44): 22-33.
Naman, M., Faid, M., Adlorni, C. 2005. Microbiological and physicochemical properties of Moroccan honey. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 1560(5): 773-776..
Krell, R. 1966. Value-Added Products from Beekeeping. FAO. Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 124. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome Italy, ISNI: 92-5-103819-8.
Anchling, F. 2007. L’Abeille de France et t’apiculteur, 942: 495-504.
Igwe, E.C., Dandago, M. A., Binga, E. N. 2012. Assessment of quality attributes of natural honey from Adamawa State, North Eastern, Nigeria. African Journal of Food Science, 6 (18) pp. 449-455.
Amiot, M. J., Aubert, S., Gonnet, M., Tacchini, M. 1989. Phelonic composition of honeys. Preliminary study on identification and group quantification, Apidologie, 20, 115-125.
Gonzalez, A, Gomez, A., Garcia-Villano, R., Rivas, T., Ardaniv, R., Sanchez, J. 2000. Geographical discrimination of honey by using mineral composition and common chemical parameters. Journal of Science, Food and Agriculture, 80(1): 157-165.
Buldini, P., Calvali, S., Mevoli, A., Sharma, J. 2001. Ion chromatographic and voltametric determination of heavy and transition metals in honey. Food Chemistry, 73:487-495.
Jose, P., Maria, L. E., Xesus, F., Jesus, C., Antonio, I. 2009. Pollen spectrum and physico-chemical attributes of heather (Erica. sp) honeys of north Portugal, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 86(11): 1862-1870.
Bogdanov, S., Bieri, K., Figar, M., Figueiredo, V., Iff, D., Kanzig, A., Stockl, H., Zurcher, K., Miel: 1995. definition et directives pour l’analyse et l’appreciation Centre Suisse de recherché Apicole: Station de recherché laitieres. Liebefeid., Berne.
Adenekan, M. O., Amusa, N. A., Lawal, A. O., Okpeze, V. E. 2010. Physico-chemical and microbiological properties of honey samples obtained from Ibadan. Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials, 2(8), pp. 100-104.
Codex Allimentarius Commission. 2001. Rapport de la 7e session du comite sur les sucres. Programme mixte FAO/OMS sur les norms alimentaries, p 31.
Nombre, I., Schweitzer, P., Boussim, J. I., Rasolodimby, J. M. 2010. Impacts of storage conditions on physicochemical characteristics of honey samples from Bukina Faso. African Journal of Food Science. 4(7): pp. 458-468.
Persano Oddo, L., Piro, R. 2004. Main European unifloral honeys: descriptive sheets. Apidologie; 35 (Special issue), 38-81.
Piazza, M. G., Persanno Oddo, L. 2004. Bibliography review of the main European unifloral honeys. Apidologie, 35 (Special issue), 94-111.
Turlina, M. O., Fritz, R. 2005. .Int. J. Food Microbiol. 105: 297-307.
Williams, E. T., Jeffrey, J., Barminas, J.T., Toma, I. 2009. Studies on the effects of the honey of two floral types (Zizphus spp and Acelia spp) on organism associated with burn wound infections. Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem., 3: 098-101.
USDA. 1970. United Standards for Grades of extracted honey, http: // 1895. Retrieved//May 2010.
Tysset, C., Rousseau, M., Duran, C. 1980. Microbism and wholesomeness of commercial honey. Apiacta, 15: 51-60..
Kinati, C., Tolemariam, T., Debele, K. 2011. Quality evaluation of honey produced in Gomma Woreda of South Western. Ethiopia Livestock Research for Rural Development, Volume 23, Article #190.
Nuru, A. 1999. Quality State and Grading of Ethiopian Honey. In Proceedings of First National Conference of the Ethiopian Beekeepers Association. 74-82, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Ruoff, K. Solid-Phase microextraction of honey volatiles. A method for the determination of the botanical origin of honey. University of Helsinki, Dept. of Applied Biology; Apiculture, 2003.
Bogdanov, S., Lullman, C., Martin, P., Ohe Vonder, W., Russman, H., Vorwohl, G., Persano Oddo, L., Sabatini, A. G., Marcazzan, A.G., Piro, R., Flamini, C., Morlot, M., Lehritier, J., Borneck, R., Marioleas, P., Tsiguori, A., Kerkuliet, J., Ortiz, A., Ivanov, T., Darcy, B., Mossel, B., Vit, P. 1999. Honey quality and international regulatory standards: review by the International Honey Commission. Bee Wld, 80: 61-69.
Von de Ohe, W., Dustmann, J. H., Van de Ohe, K. 1991. Prolin als Krlterium der Re; fe des Honigs Dtsch. Lebensm. Rundschau, 87: 383-386.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186