Vegetation Characteristics of Bowé in Benin (West Africa)
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 250-255
Received: Oct. 21, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 4, 2014; Published: Nov. 10, 2014
Views 2785      Downloads 158
Authors
Elie Antoine Padonou, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Aristide Cossi Adomou, National Herbarium, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Yvonne Bachmann, Institute of Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, J.W. Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Anne Mette Lykke, Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Silkeborg, Denmark
Brice Sinsin, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Bowé are particular form of degraded land where ferricrete, a hard erosion-resistant layer, is exposed. This study investigated vegetation characteristics of bowé (species composition, life form, chorological type, and plant family) in the semiarid and sub-humid climate zones in Benin. In both climate zones, bowé sites were characterized by grassland and savanna. The species composition on bowé varied according to the climate zone. Woody species were frequent on bowé in sub-humid (51% of the total species recorded) than in semiarid (44%). Geophytes, hemicryptophytes and phanerophytes were frequent on bowé in the sub-humid than in the semiarid climate zone. The difference between the two climate zones on the occurrence of therophytes on bowé was not significant. The frequency of chamaephytes was higher on bowé sites in the semiarid zone. Afro-tropical, Afro-Malgache, Pluri regional African and Pantropical chorological types were frequent on bowé than in woodlands in each climate zone while the opposite was found for Guineo-Congolian and Sudano-Zambesian chorotypes. Plant families such as Amaranthaceae, Zingiberaceae, Chrysobalanaceae, Connaraceae, Loganiaceae, Moraceae and Ochnaceae were only found on bowé in the sub-humid climate zone, while Convolvulaceae, Loganiaceae, Rhamnaceae, Araceae, Colchicaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Olacaceae, Pedaliaceae, Amaranthaceae, and Cyperaceae were only found on bowé in the semiarid zone.
Keywords
Bowal, Ferricrete, Climate Zone, Species Composition, Life Form, Chorological Type, Plant Families
To cite this article
Elie Antoine Padonou, Aristide Cossi Adomou, Yvonne Bachmann, Anne Mette Lykke, Brice Sinsin, Vegetation Characteristics of Bowé in Benin (West Africa), Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 250-255. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20140205.27
References
[1]
Adomou, C., 2006. Phytosociological and chorological approaches to phytogeography: a meso-scale study in Benin. Syst. Geogr. Pl. 76, 155-178.
[2]
Aké Assi L., 2001–2002. Flore de la Côte d’Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. Boissiera 57-58, 1-396-1-401.
[3]
Allen, D.C., Macalady, K.A., Chenchouni, H., Bachelet, D., McDowell, N., Vennetier, M., Kitzberger, T., Rigling, A., Breshears, D.D., (Ted) Hogg, E.H., Gonzalez, P., Fensham, R., Zhang, Z., Castro, J., Demidova, N., Lim, J-H., Allard, G., Running, S.W., Semerci, A., Cobb, N., 2010. A global overview of drought and heat-induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests. Forest. Ecol. Manag. 259, 660-684.
[4]
André, V., Pestaña, G., Rossi, G., 2003. Foreign representations and local realities. Mt. Res. Dev. 23, 149-155.
[5]
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG), 2003. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 141, 399-436.
[6]
Aubréville A., 1947. Les brousses secondaires en Afrique équatoriale. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques 2, 24-35.
[7]
Calvo, L., Santalla, S., Marcos, E., Valbuena, L., Tarrega, R., Luis, E., 2003. Regeneration after wildfire in communities dominated by Pinus pinaster, an obligate seeder, and in others dominated by Quercus pyrenaica, a typical resprouter. Forest. Ecol. Manag. 184, 209-223.
[8]
Chevalier, A., 1909. Les hauts plateaux du Fouta Djalon. Ann. Geogr. 18, 253- 261.
[9]
Devineau, J.L., Fournier, A., Nignan, S., 2010. Savanna fire regimes assessment with MODIS fire data: their relationship to land cover and plant species distribution in western Burkina Faso (West Africa). J. Arid. Environ.74, 1092-1101.
[10]
Duvall, C., 2011. Ferricrete, forests, and temporal scale in the production of colonial science in Africa. In: Goldman, M.J., Nadasdy, P., Turner, M.D. (Eds.), Knowing nature: conservation at the intersection of political ecology and science studies. The University of Chicago press, Chicago & London, pp. 113-127.
[11]
Garrett, G.H., 1892. Sierra Leone and the interior to the upper waters of the Niger. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 14, 433-455.
[12]
Gnoumou, A., Thiombiano, A., Hahn-Hadjali, K., Ababouabou, B., Sarr, M., Guinko, S., 2008. Le Parc Urbain Bangr-Wéoogo: une aire de conservation de la diversité floristique au cœur de la ville de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Flora et Vegetatio Sudano-Sambesica 11, 35-48.
[13]
Guinko, S., 1984. Végétation de la Haute-Volta. PhD thesis, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux.
[14]
Hangelbroek, H.H., Santamaria, L., De Boer, T., 2003. Local adaptation of the pondweed Potamogeton pectinatus to contrasting substrate types mediated by changes in propagule provisioning. J. Ecol. 91, 1081-1092.
[15]
Jaccard, P., 1901. Distribution de la flore alpine dans le bassin des Darnes et dans quelques régions voisines. Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat. 37, 241-272.
[16]
Li, X.R., Jia, X.H., Dong, G.R., 2006. Influence of desertification on vegetation pattern variations in the cold semi-arid grasslands of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, North-West China. J. Arid. Environ. 64, 505-522.
[17]
Nasi, R., 1994. La végétation du centre régional d’endémisme soudanien au Mali. Etude de la forêt des Monts Mandingues et essaye de synthèse. PhD Thesis, University of Paris, Paris.
[18]
Overbeck, G.E., Pfadenhauer, J., 2007. Adaptive strategies in burned subtropical grassland in southern Brazil. Flora 202, 27-49.
[19]
Padonou, E.A., Assogbadjo, A.E., Bachmann, Y., Sinsin, B., 2012. How far bowalization affects phytodiversity, life forms and plant morphology in sub-humid tropic in West Africa. Afr. J. Ecol. 51, 255-262.
[20]
Padonou, E.A., Fandohan, B., Bachmann, Y., Sinsin, B., 2014. How farmers perceive and cope with bowalization: a case study from West Africa (Benin). Land Use Policy 36, 461- 467.
[21]
Padonou, E.A., Bachmann, Y., Glèlè Kakaï, R., Lykke, A.M., Sinsin, B., 2015. Spatial distribution of bowal and differences in physicochemical characteristics between bowal and woodland soils in West Africa (Benin). Catena 124, 45-52.
[22]
Pisces Conservation, 2002. Community Analysis Package (CAP), A Program to search for structure in Ecological Community Data, Version 2.0. IRC House, Pennington.
[23]
Pobéguin, H., 1906. Essai sur la flore de la Guinée Française. Augustin Challamel, Paris.
[24]
Poilecot, P., 1995. Les Poaceae de Côte-d’Ivoire. IUCN, Geneva.
[25]
Raunkiaer, C., 1934. The Life Forms of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography. Calderon Press, Oxford.
[26]
R Development Core Team, 2005. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna.
[27]
Schlesinger, W.H., Pilmanis, A.M., 1998. Plant–soil interactions in deserts. Biochemistry-US 42, 169-187.
[28]
Thomas, W.G., Van Dusen Lewis, J., Dorsey, J., 2004. Guinea agricultural sector assessment. USAID/Guinea Rural and Agricultural Incomes with a Sustainable Environment (RAISE) program, contract PCE –I-00-99-0000I-00. ARD-RAISE Consortium, Arlington.
[29]
Thompson, H.N., 1911. The forests of Southern Nigeria. Royal African Society 10, 121-45.
[30]
White, 1983. Vegetation map of Africa: a contrasting approach. UNESCO, Paris.
[31]
Zwarg, A., Schmidt, M., Janßen, T., Hahn, K., Zizka, G., 2012. Plant diversity, functional traits and soil conditions of grass savannas on lateritic crusts (bowé) in south eastern Burkina Faso. Flora et Vegetatio Sudano-Sambesica 15, 15-24.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186