Phytotoxic Property of Seed Methanolic Extracts from Albizia (Fabaceae) Endemic Species of Madagascar
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2014, Pages: 256-265
Received: Oct. 29, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 16, 2014; Published: Nov. 20, 2014
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Authors
Hanitra Ranjana Randrianarivo, Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry to Medical Sciences, Fundamental and Applied Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, University of Antananarivo, PO Box. 906, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Holy Christiane Ratsimanohatra, Graduate School of Life Sciences and Environment of the University of Antananarivo, PO Box. 906, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Anjarasoa Ravo Razafndrakoto, Graduate School of Life Sciences and Environment of the University of Antananarivo, PO Box. 906, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Clara Fredeline Rajemiarimoelisoa, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, PO Box 375, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Lovarintsoa Judicael Randriamampianina, Graduate School of Life Sciences and Environment of the University of Antananarivo, PO Box. 906, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Lolona Ramamonjisoa, National Tree Seed Centre (SNGF), PO Box. 5091, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Danielle Aurore Doll Rakoto, Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry to Medical Sciences, Fundamental and Applied Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, University of Antananarivo, PO Box. 906, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
Victor Louis Jeannoda, Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry to Medical Sciences, Fundamental and Applied Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, University of Antananarivo, PO Box. 906, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar
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Abstract
Investigations on the phytotoxicity of Albizia species were conducted under laboratory conditions in order to assess their possible use in the control of weeds and invasive plants. The effects of seed methanolic extracts obtained from A. androyensis, A. bernieri, A. divaricata, A. greveana, A. masikororum and A. viridis, all endemic of Madagascar were evaluated against seed germination and early seedling development of vegetables (Phaseolus vulgaris, Pisum sativum, Petroselinum crispum, Brassica sp., Cucumis sp., Allium cepa, Zea maÿs and Oryza sativa). The effects of these extracts on seed germination of weeds (Eragrostis pilosa, and Panicum subalbidum) and invasive plants (Acacia dealbata, Cassia rotundifolia and Pinus kesyia) were also studied. Globally, all the extracts (1 mg/mL) inhibited the seed germination of all the test plants. However, the inhibitory effect varied according to both the Albizia extract and the target plants. Inhibition rates could reach 100%. The extracts (0.45 to 7 mg/mL) also significantly (p<0.05) reduced the length of both epicotyl and hypocotyl and the effects were generally in a dose dependent manner. At the same concentration (7.2 mg/mL) with some extracts, the inhibitory effect was as high as glyphosate, a weed-killer widely used in agriculture. At low concentrations (0.45-0.9 mg/mL) a high stimulatory effect of up to 200% was observed with some extracts. Overall, the results obtained supported the probable involvement of seed secondary metabolites in the allelopathic interactions of Albizia species with other plants and could be exploitable in the control of undesirable plants.
Keywords
Albizia, Seed Methanolic Extract, Phytotoxic, Seed Germination, Seedling Growth, Weeds, Invasive Plants, Allelopathy, Herbicide
To cite this article
Hanitra Ranjana Randrianarivo, Holy Christiane Ratsimanohatra, Anjarasoa Ravo Razafndrakoto, Clara Fredeline Rajemiarimoelisoa, Lovarintsoa Judicael Randriamampianina, Lolona Ramamonjisoa, Danielle Aurore Doll Rakoto, Victor Louis Jeannoda, Phytotoxic Property of Seed Methanolic Extracts from Albizia (Fabaceae) Endemic Species of Madagascar, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 256-265. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20140206.11
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