Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2014, Pages: 276-281
Received: Nov. 20, 2014;
Accepted: Nov. 30, 2014;
Published: Dec. 5, 2014
Views 3208 Downloads 262
Khalid Al-Mureish, Department of Biology, Faculty of Applied Science, Taiz University, Taiz, Yemen
Nasim Abdual Rahim Mohammed Othman, Department of Biology, Faculty of Applied Science, Taiz University, Taiz, Yemen
Abdulbasset Mohammed Ahmed Al-Hakimi, Department of Biology, Faculty of Applied Science, Taiz University, Taiz, Yemen
The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of salicylic acid (SA) pretreatment on the activities of antioxidant enzymes and some biochemical attributes in maize (Zea mays L.) seedling leaves exposed to cadmium (Cd) stress. The Cd toxicity in maize leaves was revealed by reduction of ascorbate and cysteine concentrations. However, a remarkable increase of such non-enzymatic antioxidants concentrations was noticed on the pretreatment with SA. Cadmium- induced oxidative stress also showed a pronounced increase in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), lipid peroxidation, electrolyte leakage (El) and proline production. The important point to be emphasized here is that the pretreatment with SA attenuated the adverse effects of Cd on these attributes. Cadmium-induced activities of some key antioxidant enzymes, peroxidase (POD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) was further increased on the exposure to SA. While the lower catalase (CAT) activity dues to Cd toxicity was increased by SA pretreatment.
Nasim Abdual Rahim Mohammed Othman,
Abdulbasset Mohammed Ahmed Al-Hakimi,
Salicylic Acid-Mediated Alleviation of Cadmium Toxicity in Maize Leaves, Journal of Plant Sciences.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2014, pp. 276-281.
Gozubenli, H. 2010. Seed vigor of maize grown on the contaminated soils by cadmium. Asian J. Plant Sci. 9: 168-171.
Msttes, J.M. 2000. Effects of antioxidant enzymes in the molecular control of reactive oxygen species toxicology. Toxicology 153: 83-104.
Noctor, G. and Foyer, C.H. 1998. Ascorbate and glutathione: Keeping active oxygen under control. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 49: 249-279.
Mishra, A. and Choudhuri, M.A. 1999. Effects of salicylic acid on heavy metal-induced membrane deterioration mediated by lipoxygenase in rice. Biol. Plant. 42: 409-415.
Krantev, A., Yordanova, R., Janda, T., Szalai, G. and Popova, L. 2008. Treatment with salicylic acid decreases the effect of cadmium on photosynthesis in maize plants. J. Plant Physiol. 165: 920-931.
Al-Hakimi, A.M.A. 2006. Counteraction of drought stress on soybean plants by seed soaking in salicylic acid. J. Bot. 2: 421-426.
Arfan, M., Athar, H.R. and Ashraf, M. 2007. Does exogenous application of salicylic acid through the rooting medium modulate growth and photosynthetic capacity in two differently adapted spring wheat cultivars under salt stress?. J. Plant Physiol. 6: 685-694.
Velikova, V., Yordanov, I. and Edreva, A. 2000. Oxidative stress and some antioxidant systems in acid rain treated bean plants, protective role of exogenous polyamines. Plant Sci. 151: 59-66.
Madhava Rao, K.V. and Sresty, T.V.S. 2000. Antioxidative parameters in the seedlings of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L. Millspaugh) in response to Zn and Ni stresses. Plant Sci. 157: 113-128.
Rout, N.P. and Shaw, B.P. 2001. Salt tolerance in aquatic macrophytes: Possible involvement of the antioxidative enzymes. Plant Sci. 160: 415-423.
Hassan, M.J., Shao, G.S. and Zhang, G.P. 2005. Influence of cadmium toxicity on growth and antioxidant enzyme activity in rice cultivars with different grain cadmium accumulation. J. Plant Nutr., 28: 1259-1270.
Janda, T., Szalai, G., Tari, I. and Paldi, EO. 1999. Hydroponic treatment with salicylic acid decreases the effects of chilling injury in maize (Zea mays L.) plants. Planta 208: 175-180.
Lowry, C.H., Rosebrought, N.J., Farr, A.L. and Randall, R.J. 1951. Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem. 193 256-275.
Kampfenkel, K., Van Montagu, M., and Inzé, D. 1994. Extraction and determination of ascorbate and dehydroascorbate from plant tissue. Ana. Biochem. 225: 165-167.
Gaitonde, M.K. 1967. A spectrophotometric method for the direct determination of cysteine in the presence of other naturally occurring amino acids. Biochem. J. 104: 627- 633.
Bates, L.S., Waldren, R.P. and Teare, R.P. 1973. Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant Soil 39: 205-207.
Foyer, C.H. and Noctor, G. 2005. Oxidant and antioxidant signaling in plants: A reevaluation of the concept of oxidative stress in a physiological context. Plant Cell Environ. 28: 1056-1071.
Kolupaev, Y.E., Oboznyi, A. I. and Shvidenko, N.V. 2013. Role of hydrogen peroxide generation of a signal inducing heat tolerance of wheat seedlings. Russ. J. Plant Physiol. 60: 221-229.
Bestwick, C.S., Brown, I.R. and Mansfield, J.W. 1998. Localized changes in peroxidase activity accompany hydrogen peroxide generation during the level opment of a non-host hypersensitive reaction in lettuce. Plant Physiol. 118: 1067-1078.
Romero-Puertas, M.C., Perazzolli. M., Zago, E.D. and Delledonne, M., Nitric oxide signaling functions in plant-pathogen interactions. Cell Microbiol. 6: 795-803.
Ahmad, P., Nabi, G. and Ashraf, M. (2011). Cadmium-induced oxidative damage in mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. and Coss.] plants can be alleviated by salicylic acid. South Afri. J. Bot. 77: 36-44.
Odeeni, S.A.S. 2012. Physiological and biochemical basis of cadmium toxicity in sorghum seedlings and its alleviation by salicylic acid application. Msc. Thesis, Fac. of Applied Sci. Taiz University Taiz Yemen, pp. 1-132.
Ranieri, A., Castagna, A., Scebba, F., Careri, M., Zagnoni, I., Predieri, G., Pagliari, M. and Sanita di Toppi, L. 2005. Oxidation Stress and phytochelatin characterization in bread wheat exposed to cadmium excess. Plant Physiol. Biochem.43: 45-54.
Belkhadi, A., Hediji, H., Abbes, Z., Nouairi, I., Barhoumi, Z., Zarrouk, M., Chaïbi, W. and Djebali, W. 2010. Effects of exogenous salicylic acid pretreatment on cadmium toxicity and leaf lipid content in Linum usitatissimum L.. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 73:1004-1011.
Sandalio, L.M., Dalurzo, H.C., Gomez, M., Romero-Puertas, M.C. and del Rio, L.A. 2001. Cadmium induces changes in the growth and oxidative metabolism of pea plants. J. Exp. Bot. 52:2115-2126.
Shekhawat, G.S., Verma, K., Jana, S., Singh, K., Teotia, P. and Prasad, A. 2010. In vitro biochemical evaluation of cadmium tolerance mechanism in callus and seedlings of Brassica juncea. Protoplasma 239: 31-38.
Martinez-Penalver, A., Grana, E., Reigosa, M.J. and Sanchez-Moreiras, A.M. 2012. The early response of Arabidopsis thaliana to cadmium and copper-induced stress. Environ. Exp. Bot. 78: 1-9.
Al-Hakimi, A.M.A., Molaaldoila, Y.A.A. and Odeeni, S.A.S. 2014. Effect of Salicylic acid on some biochemical changes in sorghum roots under cadmium stress. 7th International Conference for the Development and Environment in the Arab world, March, 23-25.
Moussa, H.R. and EL-Gamal, S.M. 2010. Effect of salicylic acid pretreatment on cadmium toxicity in wheat. Biol. Plant.54: 315-320.