Growth and Yield Response of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) Genotypes to Wet Puddling, Flooding and Saturated Soil Culture
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2014, Pages: 311-316
Received: Nov. 27, 2014; Accepted: Dec. 14, 2014; Published: Dec. 22, 2014
Views 3009      Downloads 234
M. Rafiqul Islam, Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh
Nurunnaher Akter, Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh
S. M. Shahriar Parvej, Agriculture Information Service, New Truck Road, Chandpur-3600, Bangladesh
K. M. Shamsul Haque, Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Anoxia and hypoxia, caused by excessive rainfall and inadequate drainage are the most common environmental stresses in upland crops after wetland rice in many regions of Asia. Such stresses and/or puddling of soil in rice culture often reduce the growth and yield of post-rice upland crops. This study examined the growth and yield responses of three mungbean genotypes viz. VC3950-88, VC6173A and BARI Mung-5 to three different environmental stresses viz. wet puddling, soil flooding and saturated soil culture. Wet puddling significantly reduced the field emergence and vigor index of seedlings. Height of plants was also adversely affected due to the stresses, although recovery was comparatively better in flooded situation. Irrespective of growing conditions, leaf chlorophyll index reduced significantly and recovered almost completely. The extraordinary responses of plants to all the stresses were the damaging of roots and/or impairing of root and shoot growth. The subsequent recovery of root and shoot growth significantly varied depending on the types of stresses. The development of numerous adventitious roots and the production of greater amount of root nodules were the most important recovery mechanisms of plants to withstand flooding situation and saturated soil culture, respectively. As a result, seed production was less affected under these two conditions. In contrast, wet puddling situation performed the worst, showing depressed plant growth throughout the growing period and thus seed production was affected the most. Among the genotypes, VC6173A was best adapted under the three stresses, giving the highest seed yield by producing higher amount of pods, increased seed size and longer pod.
Growth and Yield, Mungbean, Puddling, Flooding, Saturated Soil
To cite this article
M. Rafiqul Islam, Nurunnaher Akter, S. M. Shahriar Parvej, K. M. Shamsul Haque, Growth and Yield Response of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) Genotypes to Wet Puddling, Flooding and Saturated Soil Culture, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 311-316. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20140206.18
K. Weinberger. Impact Analysis of Mungbean Research in South and Southeast Asia. Final Report of GTZ Project. The World Vegetable Center (AVRDC), Shanhua, Taiwan, 2003.
S. Shanmugasundaram, J. D. H. Keatinge, and J. Hughes. Counting on Beans: Mungbean Improvement in Asia. In: D.J. Spielman and R. Pandya‐Lorch (ed.) Millions fed: Proven Successes in Agricultural Development. IFPRI: Washington DC, 2009.
A. Ramakrishna, C. L. L. Gowda, and C. Johansen. Management factors affecting legumes production in the Indo-Gangetic Plain. In: Legumes in rice and wheat cropping systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plain-constraints and opportunities. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India. pp. 156-165, 2000.
D. P. Singh, and B. B. Singh. Breeding for tolerance to abiotic stresses in mungbean. J. food legumes, vol. 24, pp. 83-90, 2011.
T. C. Helms, B. J. Werk, B. D. Nelson, and E. Deckard. Soybean tolerance to water-saturated soil and role of resistance to Phytophthora sojae. Crop Sci., vol, 47, pp. 2295-2302, 2007.
H. B. So, and A. J. Ringrose-Voase. Management of clay soils for rainfed lowland rice-based cropping systems: an overview. Soil Tillage Res., vol. 56, pp. 3-14, 2000.
G. Kirchhof, S. Priyono, W. H. Utomo, T. Adisarwanto, E. V. Dacanay, and H. B. So. The effect of soil puddling on the soil physical properties and the growth of rice and post-rice crops. Soil Tillage Res., vol. 56, pp. 37-50, 2000.
Islam, M. R., A. Hamid, M. A. Karim, M. M. Haque, Q. A. Khaliq, J. U. Ahmed. Gas exchanges and yield responses of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) genotypes differing in flooding tolerance. Acta Physiol. Plant., vol. 30, pp. 697-707, 2008.
T. Pervin, M. R. Islam, A. Hamid, M. M. Haque, and J. U. Ahmed. Soil flooding tolerance in mungbean under field condition. Bangladesh Agron. J., vol. 13, pp. 41-50, 2010.
M. R. Islam, A. Hamid, Q. A. Khaliq, J. U. Ahmed, M. M. Haque, and M. A. Karim. Genetic variability in flooding tolerance of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) genotypes. Euphytica, vol.156, pp. 247-255, 2007.
S. G. Maghari, and T. Woodhead. Tillage in a rainfed lowland cropping sequence. Presented to a Saturday Seminar at IRRI, October 1984. Los Banos, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute, 1984.
J. M. Kirby, and A.J. Ringrose-Voase. Drying of some Philippine and Indonesian puddled rice soils following surface drainage: Numerical analysis using a swelling soil flow model. Soil Tillage. Res., vol. 57, pp. 13-30, 2000.
S. M. F. Cook, S. C. Gupta, T. Woodhead, and W. E. Larson. Soil physical constraints to establishment of mungbeans (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) in paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) soils. Soil Tillage. Res., vol. 33, pp. 47-64, 1995.
P. B. S. Bhadoria. Characterization of physical condition of puddled and nonpuddled soil. J. Agronomy Crop Sci., vol. 159, pp. 216-218, 1987.
G. Kirchhof, and H. B. So. Rice growth and post-rice mungbean in relation to two puddling intensities under glasshouse conditions. Australian J. Soil Res., vol. 43, pp. 617-622, 2005.
P. Insausti, A. A. Grimoldi, E. J. Chaneton, and V. Vasellati. Flooding induces a suite of adaptive plastic responses in the grass Paspalum dilatatum. New Phytol., vol. 152, pp. 291-299, 2001.
G. G. Striker, P. Insausti, A. A. Grimoldi, E. L. Ploschuk, and V. Vasellati. Physiological and anatomical basis of differential tolerance to soil flooding of Lotus corniculatus L. and Lotus glaber Mill. Plant Soil, vol. 276, pp. 301-311, 2005.
R. Marubodee, S. Chakhatrakan and H. Ehara,. Comparison of growth of Azuki, cowpea and mungbean with aeration and non-aeration under hydroponic technique. Thai J. Sci. and Tech., pp. 61-68, 2000.
H. H. Oo, T. Araki, and F. Kubota. Effects of drought and flooding stresses on growth and photosynthetic activity of mungbean, Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek cultivars. J. Fac. Agric. Kyushu Univ., vol. 50, pp. 533-542, 2005.
K. Shi, W. Hu, D. Dong, Y. Zhou, and J. Yu. Low O2 supply is involved in the poor growth in root-restricted plants of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Environ Exp. Bot., vol. 61, pp. 181-189, 2007.
T. Bai, C. Li, F. Ma, F. Feng, and H. Shu. Responses of growth and antioxidant system to root-zone hypoxia stress in two Malus species. Plant Soil, vol. 327, pp. 95-105, 2010.
S. T. Willatt, and R.Trangono. Puddling, its effect on soil physical properties. In: Coughan, K.J., Truong, P.N. (ed.), Effect of Management Practices on Soil Physical Properties, Queensland Department of Primary Industries Conference and Workshop Series QC87006, Brisbane, Australia, 1987.
M. R. Islam. Eco-physiology of Soil Flooding Tolerance in Mungbean. Ph.D. Diss., Dept. Agronomy., Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh, 2003.
E. Pociecha, J. Koscielniak, and W. Filek. Effect of root flooding and stage of development on the growth and photosynthesis of field bean (Vicia faba L. minor). Acta Physiol. Plant., vol. 30, pp. 529-535, 2008.
H. Greenway, W. Armstrong, and T. D. Colmer. Conditions leading to high CO2 (>5kPa) in waterlogged-flooded soils and possible effects on root growth and metabolism. Ann. Bot., vol. 98, pp. 9-32, 2006.
M. R. Islam., A. Hamid, Q. A. Khaliq, J. U. Ahmed, and M. M. Haque. Response of mungbean to soil flooding at vegetative stage I. Root and shoot growth. Bangladesh Agron. J., vol. 11, pp. 1-9, 2005.
S. Ahmed, E. Nawata, and T. Sakuratani. Effects of waterlogging at vegetative and reproductive growth stages on photosynthesis, leaf water potential and yield of mungbean. Plant Prod Sci., vol. 5, pp. 117-123, 2002.
W. Guafa, M. B. Peoples, D. B. Herridge, and B. Rerkasem. Nitrogen fixation, growth and yield of soybean grown under saturated soil culture and conventional irrigation. Field Crop Res., vol. 32, pp. 257-268,1993.
R. J. Troedson, R. J. Lawn, D. E. Byth, and G. L. Wilson. Response of field-grown soybean to saturated soil culture. I. Patterns of biomass and nitrogen accumulation. Field Crops Res., vol. 21, pp. 171-187, 1989.
K. Nathanson, R. J. Lawn, P. L. M. De Jabrun, D. E. Byth. Growth, nodulation and nitrogen accumulation by soybean in saturated soil culture. Field Crops Res., vol. 8, pp. 73-92, 1984.
G. Jung, T. Matsunami, Y. Oki, and M. Kokubun. Effects of waterlogging on nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis in supernodulating soybean cultivar Kanto 100. Plant Prod. Sci., vol. 11, pp. 291-297, 2008.
D. Paredes, M. Roba, J. P. D'Amico, A. Romito, and O. Tesouro. Effect of soil compaction on the nodulation and yields on soybean crop. CIGR-International Conference of Agricultural Engineering, XXXVII Congresso Brasileiro de Engenharia Agricola, Brazil, 2008.
C. Wein, R. Lal, and E. L. Pulver. Effects of transient flooding on growth and yield of some tropical crops. pp. 234-245. In: Lal R., Greenland D. J. (ed) Soil Physical Properties and Crop Production in the Tropics. Wiley, Chichester, 1979.
G. Celik, and E. Turhan. Genotypic variation in growth and physiological responses of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seedlings to flooding. Afr. J. Biotechnol., vol. 10, pp.7372-7380, 2011.
Z. Solaiman, T.D. Colmer, S. P. Loss, B. D. Thomson, and K. H. M. Siddique. Growth responses of cool-season grain legumes to transient waterlogging. Aust J. Agric. Res., vol. 58, pp. 406-412, 2007.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186