Influence of Priming Concentration on the Growth and Yield of Amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus L.) in Sokoto Semi-Arid Zone of Nigeria
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 27-30
Received: Jan. 11, 2015; Accepted: Jan. 22, 2015; Published: Feb. 2, 2015
Views 2588      Downloads 156
Mukhtar Musa, Department of Crop Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria
Aminu Aliyu Lawal, Department of Crop Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Two field trials were conducted during the 2012 cropping season at the Fruits and Vegetable Teaching and Research Farm of the Department of Crop Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, to evaluate the effect of priming concentration on the growth and yield of Amaranth. Treatments consisted of four priming concentrations (0%, 0.5%, 1% and 2% KNO3).The treatments were laid out in a completely randomized design(CRD) replicated three times for the germination test and randomized complete block design (RCBD) for the field trial. Data were collected on days to 50% germination, percentage germination, days to 50% emergence, percentage emergence and fresh weight. Results showed significant effect of priming concentration on days to 50% germination, percentage emergence and days to 50% emergence. Soaking seeds in 0.5% KNO3 reduced the number of days to 50% germination and emergence and also recorded higher percentage germination. Thus, it could be concluded that amaranth seeds should be primed with 0.5% KNO3 solution for faster and higher seed germination of the crop.
Amaranth, Growth and Yield, Priming Concentration, Semi-Arid Zone
To cite this article
Mukhtar Musa, Aminu Aliyu Lawal, Influence of Priming Concentration on the Growth and Yield of Amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus L.) in Sokoto Semi-Arid Zone of Nigeria, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015, pp. 27-30. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20150301.15
Raemaekers, R. H. (2001). Crop Production in Ttropical Africa. DGIC Belgium pp. 403-407.
Musa, M., Singh, A., and Lawal A. A. (2014). Influence of Priming Duration on the Performance of Amaranths (Amaranthus cruentus L.) in Sokoto Semiarid Zone of Nigeria. International Journal of Agronomy,1-4
McDonald, M. B. (1999). Seed deterioration: physiology, repair and assessment. Seed Science Technology, 27: 177-237.
Bray, C. M., Davison, P. A., Ashraf, M. and Taylor, R. M. (1989). Biochemical changes during priming of leek seeds. Annals and Botany, 63: 185-193.
Basra S. M. A, Afzal, I., Rashid R. A, and Hameed, A. (2005). Inducing salt tolerance in wheat by seed vigor enhancement techniques. Int. J. Biol. Biotech., 2: 173-179.
Khan, A. A. (1992). Preplant physiological seed conditioning. Hort. Rev, 14: 131-181.
McDonald, M. B. (2000). Seed priming, pp. 287-325. In M.. Black, and J.D. Bewley (eds). Seed Technology and its Biological Basis. Sheffield Academic press, Sheffield.
Ahmed, A. K., Johnson, K. A, Burchett, M. D. and Kenny, B. J. (2006). The effects of heat, smoke, leaching, scarification, temperature and NaCl salinity on the germination of Solanum centrale (The Australian bush tomato). Seed science and Technology, 34: 33-45.
Paul, S. R. and Choudhury, A. K. (1991). Effect of seed priming with potassium salt on growth and yield of wheat under rainfall condition. Ann. Agric Res., 12: 415-418.
Moosavi, A Tavakkol, R. Afshari, F. and Aynehband, A. (2009). Effects of priming on germination characteristics of four amaranth cultivars 16/1082010.
Ojanuga, A. G. (2004). Agro ecological Zones of Nigerian MAPS. National Special Programme on Food Security, FAO-UNESCO.
Szabolcs, I. (1994). Prospects of soil salinity for the 21st century.15th International Congress of Soil Science, Acapulco, Mexico, pp. 514.
Sivritepe, N., Sivritepe, H. O. and Eris, A. (2003). The effect of NaCl priming on Salt tolerance in melon seedlings grown under saline conditions. Scientia Horticulturae, 97: 229-237.
Jie, L. L, Ong S, Dong M. O., Fang, L. and Hua E. W. (2002). Effect of PEG on germination and active oxygen metabolism in wild rye (Lymus chinesis) Seed. Acta Prata Cult. Sinica, 11: 59-64.
Chen, K and Arora, R. (2010). Dynamics of the antioxidant system during seed osmopriming , Post-priming germination , and seedling establishment in spinach (Spinacia oleracea). Plant Sci., 180: 212-220.
Singh, A., Dahiru, R., Musa, M. and Haliru, B. S. (2014). Effect of Osmopriming Duration on Germination, Emergence, and Early Growth of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) in the Sudan Savanna of Nigeria. International Journal of Agronomy, 1-4.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186