Maximizing Nitrogen and Land Use Efficiencies of Intercropped Wheat with Pea Under Different Pea Sowing Dates
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 358-371
Received: Oct. 31, 2015; Accepted: Nov. 25, 2015; Published: Dec. 14, 2015
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Authors
Ahmed Mohamed Sheha, Crop Intensification Research Department, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Tamer Ibrahim Abdel-Wahab, Crop Intensification Research Department, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Sherif Ibrahim Abdel-Wahab, Crop Intensification Research Department, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
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Abstract
A two – year field trial was conducted with intercropped pea + wheat and sole crops to decrease nitrogen (N) inputs of wheat crop by intercropping with pea and increase farmer's benefit. Average yield of pea + wheat intercrops was greater by growing wheat after 45 days from pea sowing. Application of mineral N fertilizer doses increased grain yield of intercropped wheat, but had non-significant effect on intercropped green pod yield of pea. Land equivalent ratio (LER) and land equivalent coefficient (LEC) values for intercrops were much greater than 1.00 and 0.25, respectively, indicating less land requirements of intercropping systems than sole wheat. As a result of intercropping; yield, N uptake and net returns were improved in intercropped wheat with pea, suggesting the potential of intercropped wheat was increased compared to those of sole wheat.
Keywords
Intercropping, Wheat, Pea Sowing Dates, Mineral N Fertilizer Doses, N Use Efficiency
To cite this article
Ahmed Mohamed Sheha, Tamer Ibrahim Abdel-Wahab, Sherif Ibrahim Abdel-Wahab, Maximizing Nitrogen and Land Use Efficiencies of Intercropped Wheat with Pea Under Different Pea Sowing Dates, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 358-371. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20150306.20
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Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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