Physiological and Chemical Characteristics of Age-Differed Ficus benjamina L. Trees Cultivated in El-ahassa, Saudi Arabia
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2016, Pages: 63-67
Received: May 22, 2016; Accepted: May 31, 2016; Published: Jun. 17, 2016
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Amal Fadl Ahmed Abdelkader, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt; Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science, King Faisal University, El-Ahassa, Saudi Arabia
Adnan Metab Aldughaish, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, King Faisal University, El-Ahassa, Saudi Arabia
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For their biological importance, leaves from two foliage Ficus benjamina (F. benjamina) trees "90 and 120 days old" growing two meters close to each other were investigated and compared for their physiological and chemical content in response to environmental factors of El-Ahassa, Saudi Arabia. Mineral composition (Ca, Fe, K, Cu, Si and Zn), total phenols, flavonoids, tartaric esters and anthocyanins were quantified. Photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a & b and carotenoids), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) were analyzed. Besides, their chemical profile was screened using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique. Our data showed an increased Ca, Fe and Zn content in leaves of younger trees and an increased K and Si in leaves of older ones. The Cu content was insignificantly higher in older trees. Total phenols, flavonoids, tartaric esters and anthocyanins of methanol-extracts were generally higher in 90 d compared to 120 d old trees. The photosynthetic pigments were higher in older tree whereas CAT and SOD were higher in younger trees. The GC-MS analysis identified similar chemical profile in both trees, although the concentration of some organic compounds has increased in the crude ethyl acetate-extract from 120d trees compared to 90d trees. Some of these compounds: glycerol 1, 2-diacetate, 1, 2, 3-propanetriol, 1, 2-diacetate, 1, 1, 2-Triacetoxyethane, phenol, 2, 4-bis (1, 1-dimethylene), pentanoic acid and others. We concluded that one month difference in age between two F. benjamina trees was a factor causing spectacular physiological and chemical changes. We also presume the high biological activity of 90 d fig trees compared to 120 d trees.
Anthocyanins, Antioxidant Enzymes, Ficus Benjamina, GC-MS-Phenols, Tartaric
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Amal Fadl Ahmed Abdelkader, Adnan Metab Aldughaish, Physiological and Chemical Characteristics of Age-Differed Ficus benjamina L. Trees Cultivated in El-ahassa, Saudi Arabia, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 63-67. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20160404.11
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