Please enter verification code
Confirm
Overcoming Dormancy in Seeds of Dialium guianense (Aubl.) Sandwitch (Fabaceae – Caesalpinioideae)
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 126-131
Received: Sep. 27, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 5, 2016; Published: Oct. 27, 2016
Views 3858      Downloads 157
Authors
Pedro Henrique Oliveira Simões, Center for Natural Science and Technology, University of Pará State, Belém, Brazil; Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Denmora Gomes de Araújo, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Marcos André Piedade Gama, Department of Soils, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Luiz Fernandes Silva Dionisio, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Emanoel Rodrigues Caldas, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Denise Siqueira Pereira, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Glauco André dos Santos Nogueira, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Cândido Ferreira de Oliveira Neto, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Juscelino Gonçalves Palheta, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Josilene do Carmo Mescouto de Sousa, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Lenilson Ferreira Palheta, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Federal Rural University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This study has aimed to test different methods of overcoming dormancy, accelerating and standardizing the initial seedling settling and determining the pre-germination treatment that is more effective for the species Dialium guianense (Aubl.) Sandwitch. The seeds were submitted to the following treatments: Control (T1) – only asepsis of seeds was done by immersion in sodium hypochlorite (2 %) for 3 minutes; immersion in sulfuric acid (98 % p.a.) for 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes (T2, T3, T4 and T5, respectively); mechanical chisel plow (T6) – asepsis of seeds by immersion in sodium hypochlorite (2%) for 3 minutes and seed surface abrasion by 80 sandpaper for 15 seconds, always at the edge of the seeds (to avoid damaging the embryo) and then immersed in water for 24 hours. The Dialium guianense seeds have cutaneous dormancy and treatments of chemical chisel plow by means of immersion of the seeds in concentrated sulfuric acid (98%) for 15 and 20 minutes were more effective in overcoming seed dormancy, providing highest values of emergence and Emergence Speed Index (ESI) of seedlings, as well as the highest average of dry matter allocation in the shoot and primary root.
Keywords
Emergency, Chemical Scarification, Tree Species
To cite this article
Pedro Henrique Oliveira Simões, Denmora Gomes de Araújo, Marcos André Piedade Gama, Luiz Fernandes Silva Dionisio, Emanoel Rodrigues Caldas, Denise Siqueira Pereira, Glauco André dos Santos Nogueira, Cândido Ferreira de Oliveira Neto, Juscelino Gonçalves Palheta, Josilene do Carmo Mescouto de Sousa, Lenilson Ferreira Palheta, Overcoming Dormancy in Seeds of Dialium guianense (Aubl.) Sandwitch (Fabaceae – Caesalpinioideae), Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2016, pp. 126-131. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20160405.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Lewis GP & Owen PE. Legumes of the Ilha de Maracá, Royal Botanic Gardens. London, United Kingdom. 1989, pp. 95.
[2]
Lorenzi H 1998. Árvores brasileiras: manual de identificação e cultivo de plantas arbóreas do Brasil. Nova Odessa: Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora, Nova Odessa, Brasil. pp. 368.
[3]
Yetein MH, Houessou LG, Lougbegnon TO, Teka O, Tente B. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria in plateau of Allada, Benin (West Africa). Journal of Ethnopharmacolgy, 2013, 146 (1): 154–163.
[4]
Simón GV, Martínez RFM, Ordóñez EJM. Characterization of the fruit, seeds and germination studies of guapaque (Dialium guianense (Aubl.) Sandwith.). Universidad y Ciencia, 2003,.38 (1): 77-83.
[5]
Hoang HH, Corbineau F, Leymarie J. Induction of secondary dormancy by hypoxia in barley grains and its hormonal regulation. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2013, 64: 2017–2025.
[6]
Sperandio HV, Lopes JC, Matheus MT. Overcoming dormancy in Mimosa setosa Benth. seeds. Comunicata Scientiae, 2013, 4 (4): 385-390.
[7]
Costa JDS, Silva JAB, Coelho DS, Santos IEA, Seabra TX. Methods for overcoming seed dormancy and the initial growth of Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. in different soils. Revista Caatinga, 2016, 29 (2): 441-449.
[8]
Nascimento IL, Alves EU, Bruno RLA, Gonçalves EP, Colares PNQ, Medeiros MS. Dormancy breaking of faveira (Parkia platycephala Benth.) seeds. Revista Árvore, 2009, 33 (1): 35-45.
[9]
Oliveira AKM, Ribeiro JWF, Pereira KCL, Rondon EV, Becker TJA, Barbosa LA. Dormancy overcoming in Parkia gigantocarpa (FABACEAE – MIMOSIDAE) seeds. Ciência Florestal, 2012, 22 (3): 533-540.
[10]
Shimizu ESC, Pinheiro HA, Costa MA, Santos Filho, BGS. Physiological aspects of germination and seedling quality of Schizolobium amazonicum in response to sandpaper and hot water seed scarification. Revista Árvore, 2011, 35 (4): 791-800.
[11]
Rosa FC, Reiniger LRS, Silveira LR, Golle DP, Muniz FB, Curti AR. Overcome dormancy and in vitro germination of seeds of Mimosa scabrella Bentham. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 2012, 33(3): 1021-1026.
[12]
Kak A, Pandey C, Grupa V, Bhardwaj M, Dashora K. Effect of sulphuric acid pretreatment on breaking hard seed dormancy in diverse accessions of four wild Corchorus species. Seed Science and Technology, 2009, 37 (3): 568-572.
[13]
Varela O. Lizardo G. Seed viability and effect of scarification with sulphuric acid on germination of Enterolobium contortisiliquum (Fabaceae) seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 2010, 38 (2): 528-531.
[14]
Rebouças A, Matos VP, Ferreira RLC, Sena LHM, Sales AGFA, Ferreira EGBS. Methods for overcoming dormancy of quixabeira seeds (Sideroxylon obtusifolium (Roem. & Schult.) T.D.Penn.). Ciência Florestal, 2012, 22 (1): 183-192.
[15]
Gama JSN, Alves EU, Bruno RLA, Pereira Júnior LR, Braga Júnior JM, Monte DMO. 2011. Overcoming dormancy of Centrosema plumieri Benth seeds. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 2012, 33 (4): 643- 651.
[16]
Dapont EC, Silva JB, Oliveira JD, Alves CZ, Dutra AS. Métodos para acelerar e uniformizar a emergência de plântulas de Schizolobium amazonicum. Revista Ciência Agronômica, 2014, 45 (3): 598-605.
[17]
Brasil. Ministério da Agricultura e Reforma Agrária. Regras para análise de sementes, Brasília. 2009, 399 pp.
[18]
Maguire JD. Speed of germination aid in selection and evaluation for seedling and vigour. Crop Science, 1962, 2 (2): 176-177.
[19]
SAS INSTITUTE. Sas System: SAS/STAT version 9.1 (software). Cary, 2003.
[20]
Bewley JD, Black M. Seeds: physiology of development and germination. Plenum, New York, USA. 1994, 445 pp.
[21]
Mendes AMS, Bastos AA, Melo MGG. Tetrazolium test in Parkia velutina Benoist seeds (Leguminosae - Mimosoideae). Acta Amazonica, 2009, 39 (4): 823-828.
[22]
Pereira SA, Ferreira SAN. Overcoming seed dormancy in visgueiro-of-the-igapó (Parkia discolor). Acta Amazonica, 2010, 40 (1): 151-156.
[23]
Melo MGG, Mendonça MS, Nazário P, Mendes AMS. Dormancy in seeds of three Parkia species. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 2011, 33 (3): 533-542.
[24]
Perez SCJGA. Envoltórios. In: Ferreira, A. G. and Borghetti, F. (Eds). Germinação: do básico ao aplicado. Artmed, Porto Alegre, Brasil. 2004, pp. 125-134.
[25]
Biruel RP, Aguiar IB, Paula RC. Germinação de sementes de pau-ferro submetidas a diferentes condições de armazenamento, escarificação química, temperatura e luz. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 2007, 29(3):134-141.
[26]
Fowler AJP, Bianchetti A. Dormência em sementes florestais. Embrapa Florestas. Colombo, Brasil. 2000, 27 pp.
[27]
Maranho AS, Paiva AV. Overcoming cutaneous numbness in Senna silvestris (Vell.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby seeds. Biotemas, 2012, 25 (2): 25-31.
[28]
Piveta G, Muniz MFB, Reiniger LRS, Dutra CB, Pacheco C. Qualidade sanitária e fisiológica de sementes de aroeira-preta (Lithraea molleoides) submetidas a métodos de superação de dormência, Ciência Florestal, Santa Maria, 2014, (2):24.
[29]
Pazuch D, Trezzii MM, Diesel F, Barancelli MVJ, Batistel SC, Pasini R. Overcoming dormancy seed in three Ipomoea species. Ciência Rural, 2015, 45 (2): 192-199.
[30]
Freire JM, Ataíde DHS, Rouws JRC. Superação de Dormência de Sementes de Albizia pedicellaris (DC.) L. Rico. Floresta e Ambiente, 2016, 23 (2): 251-257.
[31]
Pereira FECB, Guimarães IP, Torres SB, Benedito CP. Dormancy overcoming in Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. seeds. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 2015, 36 (1):165-170.
[32]
Piveta, G.; Menezes, V. O.; Pedroso, D. C.; Muniz, M. F. B. Blume, E. and Wielewicki, P. Overcoming of dormancy in the quality of seeds and seedlings: influence in the production of Senna multijuga (L.C. Rich.) Irwin & barneby. Acta Amazonica, 2010, 40 (2): 281-288.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186