Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 185-194
Received: Nov. 18, 2016;
Accepted: Dec. 5, 2016;
Published: Jan. 7, 2017
Views 3599 Downloads 134
Mariette Anoumaa, Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Gabriel Kanmegne, Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Eric Bertrand Kouam, Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Gaston Sefu Amzati, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences and Environment, Evangelic University in Africa, Bukavu, South-Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo
Nasser Kouadio Yao, Biosciences Eastern and Central Africa (BecA), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), BecA-ILRI Hub, Nairobi, Kenya
Théophile Fonkou, Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Hermann Desiré Mbouobda, Department of Biology, Higher Teacher’s Training College of Bambili, University of Bamenda, Bamenda, Cameroon
Funda Arslanoglu, Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey
Denis Ndoumou Omokolo, Department of Biological Sciences, Higher Teacher’s Training College, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Seventy-seven (77) potato accessions were collected from production areas in Western highlands of Cameroon (5°10’-6°30’N and 9°30’- 10° 80’E). Out of the 77 accessions, 69 were traditional and 8 were modern varieties. The genotypes were grown under Menoua (5°27’N, 10°04’E) ecological conditions. 23 morphological and agronomical traits from the internationally accepted descriptor list for potato were used. When considering 7 agronomic traits used in this study, there were no significant difference among collection zone and among altitudes; however, highly significant differences among the accessions were found. Dried matter content (21.25%), total tubers number (15.55), mean eyes number (10.46) and mean stem number (3.21) were significantly higher in traditional varieties than in modern varieties which however had the highest percentage of marketable tubers (84.89%). Significant correlations were found between marketable tuber number and plant height (r = 0.44; p ≤ 0.0001) and between dried matter content, mean stems number (r = 0.38; p ≤ 0.001), mean eyes number (r = 0.30; p ≤ 0.01) and total tubers number (r = 0.44; p ≤ 0.0001). Cluster analysis identified 2 distinct groups with high level of variation. Significant differences were observed on all agronomic traits between the 2 groups; the first group was made up of Forty-seven (47) individuals, all of them were traditional varieties out of the sixty-nine (69) collected; The second group comprised et mixture of local and exotic varieties. Implications of these results in connection with the potato breeding programs in Cameroon are discussed.
Eric Bertrand Kouam,
Gaston Sefu Amzati,
Nasser Kouadio Yao,
Hermann Desiré Mbouobda,
Denis Ndoumou Omokolo,
Characterization of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Genotypes from the Western Highlands Region of Cameroon Using Morphological and Agronomic Traits, Journal of Plant Sciences.
Vol. 4, No. 6,
2016, pp. 185-194.
N. B. Lutaladio L Castaldi. Potato: The hidden treasure. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 2009, 22 (6): 491-493.
D. A. Fontem, P. Demo, D. K. Njualem, Status of Potato production, marketing and utilization in Cameroon, In: N. M. Mahanku, V. M. Mayong (eds.), Advances in Root and Tuber Crops Technologies for Sustainable Food Security, Improved Nutrition, Wealth creation and environmental conservation in Africa Proceedings, 9th ISTRC-AB Symposium, 1–5 Nov., Mombassa, Kenya, 2004, pp. 18–25.
FAOSAT, FAO production statistics. Food and Agriculture Organization. Rome. www.faostat.fao.org, 2009.
D. A. Fontem, B. Aighewi, Effects of fungicides on late blight control and yield loss of potato in the western highlands of Cameroon, International Journal of Pest Management, 1993, 39 (2): 152-155.
D. A. Fontem, G. R. Tsopmbeng, Identification of potato production constraints in the western highlands of Cameroon, 6th Biennial Conference of the African Crop Science Society, Nairobi, 2003.
D. K. Njualem, P. Demo, H. A. Mendoza, J. T. Koi, F. S. Nana, Reaction of 22 potato (Solanum tuberosum) genotypes to wilt in Cameroon, Paper presented at the 8th Triennial Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops Africa Branch, held on the 12-16 Nov. in Ibadan, Nigeria. 2001a.
A. F. Foncho, Future plans and strategies for potato research in Cameroon, In: Potato Production and Constraints in West and Central Africa: Overview and Planning Strategies for the Future. Report of the workshop held at Bamenda, Cameroon, 25-30 Sept., International Potato Center, Lima, Peru, 1989, pp. 33-41.
D. K. Njualem, Evaluation of potato (Solanum tuberosum) production and clonal screening for resistance to major diseases and yields characteristics in the western highlands of Cameroun, PhD Thesis, University of Dschang, Cameroon, 2010.
S. R. Martins, F. J. Vences, L. E. Miera, M. R. Barrosa, V. Carnide, RAPD analysis of genetic diversity among and within Portuguese landraces of common white Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), Scientia Horticulturae, 2006, 108 133-142. Doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2006.01.031.
A. Balkaya, A. Ergun, Diversity and Use of Pinto Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) Populations From Samsun, Turkey, New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural. Science, 2008, 36 (3): 189-197. DOI: 10.1080/01140670809510235.
M. E. Cartea, A. Picoaga, S. P. Soenga, A. Ordas, Morphological Characterization of Kale Populations From Northwestern Sapin, Eupytica, 2002, 129 (1): 25-32.
J. S. C. Smith, O. S. Smith, The description and assessment of distances between inbred lines of maize: The utility of morphological, biochemical and genetic descriptors and a scheme fort He Testing of distinctiveness between Inbred Lines Maydica, 1989, 34 (2): 151-161.
D. K. Njualem, P. Demo, H. A. Mendoza, J. T. Koi, F. S. Nana, Reactions of Some Potato Genotypes to Late Blight in Cameroon, African Crop Science Journal, 2001b 9 (1): 209-213.
B. Takoutsing, Asaah, Yuh, Z. Tchoundjeu, L. Kouodiekong, Impact of Organic Soil Amendments on the Physical Characteristics and Yield Components of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in the Highlands of Cameroon, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 2013, 17 (12): 1721-1729 doi: 10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2013.17.12.11237.
Z. Huaman, J. T. Williams, W. Salhuana, L. Vincent Descriptors for the cultivated potato and for the maintenance and distribution of germplasm collections, International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, Italy, 1977.
IPBGR, Potato Variety Descriptors. Minimum list of characteristics of potato varieties (Solanum tuberosum ssp tuberosum), G. R. Mackay, M. J. Hijink, G. Mix (Eds.), IPBGR (International board for plant genetic resources) Secretariat, Rome, 1985.
Z. Huaman, D. M. Spooner, Reclassification of landrace populations of cultivated potatoes (solanum sect. Petota), American Journal of Botany, 2002, 89 (6): 947–965.
A. Balkaya, M. Ozbakir, E. S. Kurtar, The phenotypic diversity and fruit characterization of winter squash (Cucurbita maxima) populations from the black Sea Region of Turkey, African journal of Biotechnology,. 2010, 9 (2): 152-162.
F. Arslanoglu, S. Aytac, E. K. Oner, Morphological characterization of the local potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) genotypes collected from the Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey, African Journal of Biotechnology, 2011, 10 (6): 922-932.
MINAGRI, Year book of Agricultural statistics, MINAGRI (Ministry of Agriculture), Yaoundé, Cameroon, 1984.
P. Demo, Effect of different seed tubers sizes on potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) yield. Master of Science Thesis, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 1997.
S. Aytac, F. Arslanoglu, Increasing potato yield in the Black Sea Region of Turkey. Proceeding of the meeting of the physiology section of the European association for potato research. Acta Horticulture, 2004, 684: 21-25.
F. Arslanoglu, Three Agronomical Traits of The Local Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Ecotypes Growning The farmer fields in highlands of the Eastern Black Sea Region, Turk. J. Field Crops, 2008, 13: 70-76.
R. P. Rice, L. W. Rice H. D. Thindall, Fruit and vegetable production in warm climate, MacMillan press Ltd, London, 1990.
D. Ellisèche, Aspects physiologiques de la croissance et du développement de la pomme de terre, In: P. Rousselle, Y. Robert, J. C. Crosnier (eds), La pomme de terre: Production, amélioration, ennemies et maladies, utilisations. Institut nationale de la recherche agronomique (INRA), Paris, France, 1996, pp. 71-12.
M. Shabanimofrad, M. Y. Rafiia, P. E. Megat Wahab, A. R. Biabani, M. A. Latif, Phenotypic, genotypic and genetic divergence found in 48 newly collected Malaysian accessions of Jatropha curcas L., Industrial Crops and Products, 2013, 42: 543-551.
M. Ahmadizadeh, H. Felenji, Evaluating Diversity among Potato Cultivars Using Agro-Morphological and Yield Components in Fall Cultivation of Jiroft Area, American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 2011, 11 (5): 655-662.
F. M. Khan, N. Tabassum, A. Latif, A. Khaliq, M. Malik, Morphological characterization of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) germplasm under rainfed environment, African Journal of Biotechnology, 2011, 12 (21): 3214-3223. doi.10.5897/AJB11.4293.
H. W. Karuri, E. M. Ateka, R. Amata, A. B. Nyende, A. W. T. Muigai, E. Mwasame, S. T. Gichuki, Evaluating diversity among Kenyan sweet potato genotypes using morphological and SSR markers, Int. J. Agric. Biol., 2010, 12 (1): 33–38.
O. Sozen, H. Bozoglu, Determination of morphologic and agronomic variability of white dry bean germplasm from artvin province, VII Field Crops Congress held on the 25-27 June, Erzurum, Turkey, Proceeding Book, 2007, 1: 601-604.
F. Tairo, E. Mneney, A. Kullaya, Morphological and agronomical characterization of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) germplasm collection from Tanzania, Afr. J. Plant Sci., 2008, 2 (8): 77-85.
N. V. Bassil, M. Gunn, K. Folta, K. Lewers, Microsatellite markers for Fragaria from ‘Strawberry Festival’ expressed sequence tags, Molecular Ecology Notes, 2006, 6 (2): 473-476.