Management of Chocolate Spot (Botrytis fabae L.) on Faba Bean in Bale Highland’s, Ethiopia
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 120-129
Received: Oct. 25, 2016; Accepted: Mar. 10, 2017; Published: Aug. 22, 2017
Views 2775      Downloads 231
Dagne Kora, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Temam Hussein, Department of Plant Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Seid Ahmed, International Center of Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, ICARDA, Rabat-Instituts, Rabat, Morocco
Article Tools
Follow on us
Field experiment was conducted at Sinana Agricultural Research Center in the 2014 main cropping season with the objectives wasto study the reaction of faba bean varieties to infection of the chocolate spot and to assess yield losses caused by chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) of faba bean four varieties. The highest mean final disease severity at (118 DAP) 38.29% was recorded on the main plots of the local variety and lowest mean final disease severity 32.75% was on the main plots of the variety Mosisa. The maximum Area Under the disease progress curves (AUDPC) was calculated on the unsprayed plots of local variety and Walki, which were 1817%-days and 1716.42%- days respectively. On unsprayed plots of variety local chocolate spot development was increasing at a rate of 0.03 units per day. For the variety local, chocolate spot severity index assessed from 90 DAP had significant negative correlation with yield and had highly significant negative correlation with hundred seed weight with coefficient of correlation ranging from(r=-0.67 to r=-0.62, P<0.05 and r–0.71 to r=-0.75, P<0.01) for yield and hundred seed weight, respectively. The linear regression of AUDPC better described the relationships between faba bean yield and disease severity compared to percent severity index for the variety Shallo. The estimate showed that for each unit increase in percent of chocolate spot AUDPC, there was a grain yield loss of 1.19 kg/ha The estimated slope of the regression line obtained for the variety Shallo was -1.19. Based on coefficient of determination (R2) value, the equations explained about 78% of variation in yield due to chocolate spot severity. Maximum relative grain yield losses of 47.8 and 46.7% were recorded due to chocolate spot severity on the varieties Mosisa and Sinana local, respectively.
Disease Parameters, Chocolate Spot, Faba Bean, Highlands, Yield Losses
To cite this article
Dagne Kora, Temam Hussein, Seid Ahmed, Management of Chocolate Spot (Botrytis fabae L.) on Faba Bean in Bale Highland’s, Ethiopia, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 120-129. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20170504.14
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Asnakech, T. B., John, D., Julia, S., Asnake F. 2015. Gene action determining grain yield and chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) resistance in faba bean.
Berger, R. D. 1981. Comparison of the Gompertz and Logistic equation to describe plant disease progress. Phytopath. 71, 716-719.
Berhanu, M., Getachew, M., Teshome, G. and Temesgen, B. 2003. Faba bean and field pea diseases research in Ethiopia. In: Ali, K., Kenneni, G., Ahmed, S., Malhotra, R., Beniwal, S., Makkouk, K., Halila, M. H. (Eds.). 2003. Food and forage legumes of Ethiopia: Progress and prospects. Proceedings of the Workshop on Food and Forage Legumes. 22-26 September 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia pp 278-287.
Bernier, C. C., Hanounik, S. B., Hussein, M. M. and Mohamed, H. A. 1993. Field manual of common faba bean diseases in the Nile Valley. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). Information Bulletin No. 3.
Bernier, H. C. C. S. B., Hussein, M. M., Mohamed, H. A. 1984. Rating scale for faba bean diseases in Nile valley. ICARDA Information. Bulletin No. 3. p. 37.
Bouhassan, A., Sadiki, M. and Tivoli, B. 2004a. Evaluation of a collection of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes originating from the Maghreb for resistance to chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) by assessment in the field and laboratory. Euphytica. 135, 55–62.
Campbell, C. L., Madden, V. L. 1990. Introduction to plant disease epidemiology. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
CSA (Central Statistical Agency). 2014. Report on area and production of major crops (private peasant holdings, meher season). Statistical bulletin 1(532):10-14.
Dereje Gorfu, Beniwal, S. P. S. and Amare Berhe. 1988. Screening faba bean lines for chocolate spot and rust resistance. IAR progress report on faba bean. Beniwal, S. P. S (Ed.). IAR, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.
Dereje, G., Yaynu, H. 2001. Yield loss of crops due to plant diseases in Ethiopia. Pest Management Journal of Ethiopia 5, 55–67.
El-Sayed, A. SaharRania Z. El-Shennawy, A. I. Ismail. 2011. Fungicidal management of chocolate spot of faba bean and assessment of yield losses due to the disease.
Hailu E, Getaneh G, Sefera T, Tadesse N, Bitew B, et al. (2014) Faba Bean Gall; a New Threat for Faba Bean (Vicia faba) Production in Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech 2: 144. doi:10.4172/2329-8863.1000144.
Hawthorne W. 2004. Faba bean disease management strategy for southern region.
Mo A (Ministry of Agriculture). 2011. Animal and Plant Health Regulation Directorate. Crop variety register. Issue No. 14. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 71-73.
Mussa, J., Dereje Gorfu and Gemechu Keneni. 2008. Procedures of Faba Bean Improvement through Hybridization. Technical Manual No. 21, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research. p 48.
Nefo Kadir, Geleto Tilahun and Aman Alo. 2008. Fifteen years achievements: Oromia Agricultual Research Institute, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Bale-Robe, Southeast Ethiopia.
Nigussie, T., Seid, A., Derje, G., Tesfaye, B., Chemeda, F., Adane, A., Abiy, T., Fekede, A. and Kiros, M. 2008. Review of Research on Diseases Food Legumes. In: Abraham Tadesse (Eds.). Increasing crop production through improved plant protection. 1:85-124.
Samuel Sahile, Chemeda Fininsa, P. K. Sakhuja and Seid Ahmed. 2008a. Effect of mixed cropping and fungicides on chocolate spot (Botrtyis fabae) of faba bean (vicia faba) in Ethiopia. Crop Protection. 27: 275-282.
Sahile, S., Ahmed, S., Fininsa, C., Abang, M. M. and Sakhuja, P. K. 2008c. Yield loss of faba bean (Vicia faba) due to chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) in sole and mixed cropping systems in Ethiopia. Plant Protection, 43:12, 1144-1159.
SAS Institute. 1998. SAS/STAT guide for personal computers, version 6.12 edition. Cary, NC: SAS Institute.
Sinana Agricultural Research Center (SARC). 2004. Sinana Agricultural Research Center Pathology Department Progress Reports for the Period 2002-2004. Sinana, Bale, Ethiopia.
Tamene, T., Gemechu K., Hussein M. 2015. Genetic progresses from over three decades of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) breeding in Ethiopia. AJCS, 9, 41-48.
Torres, A. M., Roman, B., Avila, C. M., Satovic, Z., Rubiales, D., Sillero, J. C., Cubero, J. I., Moreno, M. T. 2006. Faba bean breeding for resistance against biotic stresses: towards application of marker technology. Euphytica. 147, 67–80.
Wheeler, B. E. J. 1969. An Introduction to Plant Diseases. Wiley & Sons, London. 374 p.
Yohannes Degago. 2000. Faba Bean (Vicia faba) in Ethiopia. Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research (IBCR). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 43 p.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186