The Participation of Apoplast Invertase in the Regulation of Photosynthesis by Stomatal Mechanism
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 134-145
Received: May 25, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 3, 2017; Published: Sep. 8, 2017
Views 1750      Downloads 64
Author
VI Chikov, Kazan Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Russion Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
A multi-year research on the influence of donor-acceptor relations between photosynthetic and assimilate-consuming organs on regulation of plant photosynthesis has been summarized. Cause and effect relationships between chloroplast photochemical reactions, CO2 assimilation and oxygen photosynthetic metabolism, transport of sugars in the phloem, apoplastic invertase and leaf stomata activity have been established. A concept, according to which the regulation of photosynthesis at the level of an assimilate donor leaf with the change of illumination or export of products of photosynthesis is effectuated as follows, has been introduced. In case of deficiency of products of chloroplast photochemical reactions there occurs incomplete regeneration of resulting primary CO2 fixation products and rapid accumulation of oxygenated substances in cells, vacuoles and the apoplast of the leaf. Apoplastic fluid pH decrease activates the invertase and intensifies the sucrose splitting in the apoplast, which increases the osmolality of extracellular environment that is increased approaching the guard cells, where the main evaporation of water takes place. The osmolality of extracellular environment decreases the turgor of the guard cells and increases the resistance of СО2 diffusion into the leaf, which leads to photosynthesis decrease. Increased illumination or assimilate consumption activity leads to the opposite outcome. Thus, the intensity of light and dark reactions in photosynthesis is coordinated and chloroplasts are protected against photodamage.
Keywords
Assimilate Transport, Apoplast, Stomata, Invertase, Chloroplast
To cite this article
VI Chikov, The Participation of Apoplast Invertase in the Regulation of Photosynthesis by Stomatal Mechanism, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 134-145. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20170505.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Abdrakhimov, F. A., Batasheva, S. N., Bakirova, G. G., Chikov, V. I.: Dynamics of ultrastructure changes in sheet plate fiber flax with braking transport assimilate by nitrate-anion. − Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 54: 700-710, 2008. (In Rus).
[2]
Asami, S., Akasava, T.: Biosynthetic mechanism of glycolate in Chromatium II. Enzymic mechanism of glycolate formation by a transketolase system. − Plant and Cell Physyol. 16: 805-814, 1975.
[3]
Batasheva, S. N., Abdrakhimov, F. A., Bakirova, G. G. & Chikov, V. I.: Effect of nitrates supplied with the transpiration flow on assimilate translocation. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology. 50: 373-380, 2007. (In Rus).
[4]
Chikov, V. I.: Photosynthesis and Transport of Assimilates, Moscow: Nauka, 1987. (In Rus).
[5]
Chikov, V. I.: Evolution of Notions about Relationships between Photosynthesis and Plant Productivity. − Russian Journal of Plant Physiology. 55: 131–144, 2008. (In Rus).
[6]
Chikov, V. I., Abdrakhimov, F. A., Batasheva, S. N., and Khamidullina L. A.: Characteristics of Photosynthesis in Maize Leaves (С4 Plants) upon Changes in the Level of Illuminance and Nitrate Nutrition. − Russ. J. Plant Physiol. 63: 620-625, 2016b. (In Rus).
[7]
Chikov, V. I., Akhtyamova, G. A., Batasheva, S. N., Mikhailov, A. L., Khamidullina, L. A., and Timofeeva, O. A.: Effect of silencing of the apoplastic invertase gene on photosynthesis in tomato. − Russ. J. Plant Physiol. 62: 39–44, 2015. (In Rus).
[8]
Chikov, V. I., Avvakumova, N. I., Bakirova, G. G., Belova, L. A. & Zaripova, L. M.: Apoplastic transport of 14C-photosynthates measured under drought and nitrogen supply. Biologia Plantarum, 44: 517-521, 2001.
[9]
Chikov, V., Bakirova, G.: Relationship between carbon and nitrogen metabolisms in photosynthesis. The role of photooxidation processes. – Photosynthetica. 37: 519–527, 1999.
[10]
Chikov, V. I. Bakirova, G. G., Ivanova, N. P., Nesterova, T. N. & Chemikosova, S. B.: A change of photosynthetic carbon metabolism in wheat flag leaf under fertilization with ammonia and nitrate. Physiology and Biochemistry of Cultivated Plants. 30: 333-341, 1998. (In Rus).
[11]
Chikov, V. I., Bulka, M. E. & Yargunov, V. G.: Effect of removal of reproductive organs on photosynthetic 14CO2 metabolism in cotton leaves. Soviet Journal of Plant Physiology 32: 1055-1063, 1985. (In Rus).
[12]
Chikov V. I., Chemikosova S. B., Bakirpva G. G., Gazizova N. I.: Influence of removal of a portion of spike or leaves on assimilate transport and photosynthetic productivity in dpring wheat. − Sov. Plant Physiol., 31: 475-481, 1984. (In Rus).
[13]
Chikov, V. I. and Isfandiyarov, N. I.: Effects of the Rate of Assimilate Efflux on the Ratio between Some Components of Plant Gas Exchange. − Abst. All-Union Conf. Biochemical and Biophysical Mechanisms of Substance Transport in Plants and Its Regulation, Gorky, USSA. Pp. 182. 1978. (In Rus).
[14]
Chikov, V. I., Mikhailov, A. L., Timofeeva, O. A., and Khamidullina, L. A.: Photosynthetic carbon metabolism in potato leaves under changes in light intensity. − Russ. J. Plant Physiol. 63: 70–76, 2016a. (In Rus).
[15]
Chikov, V. I., Yargunov, V. G., Fedoseeva, E. Z., and Chemikosova, S. B.: Effects of Correlation between Assimilate Production and Usage on Functioning of the Photosynthetic Apparatus in Plants. − Sov. Plant Physiol. 29: 1141–1146, 1982. (In Rus).
[16]
Eickenbusch, J. D., Beck, E.: Evidence for involvement of 2 types of reaction in glycolate formation during photosynthesis in isolated spinach chloroplasts. – FEBS Lett. 31: 225-228, 1973.
[17]
Foyer, Ch., Rowell, J., Walker, D.: Measurement of the ascorbate content of spinach leaf protoplasts and chloroplasts during illumination. − Planta. 157: 239 -244, 1983.
[18]
Hall A. Brady C. J. Assimilate source-sink relationships in Carsicum annuum L. II: Effects of fruiting and defloration on the photosynthetic capacity and senescence of the leaves. − J. Plant Physiol. N 5. Pp. 771-779. 1977.
[19]
Kursanov, A. L.: Transport assimilyatov v rastenii, Nauka Moscow. Translated under the title (1984) Assimilate transport in plants, Elsevier, Amsterdam. 1976. (In Rus).
[20]
Kursanov, A. L.: Endogenous Regulation of Assimilate Transport and Source–Sink Relations in Plants. − Sov. Plant Physiol. 31: 579–595, 1984. (In Rus).
[21]
Laisk, A. H. Kinetics of Photosynthesis and Photorespiration in C-3-plants – Nauka, Moscow. 1977. [in Russ.]. 196p. (In Rus).
[22]
Lenz F. Einflǜβ der Frucht auf Photosynthese und Atmung Ztschr. Pflanzenenernahr. und Bodenk. Bd. 140 51—61. 1977.
[23]
Lips, S. N., The role of inorganic nitrogen ions in plant adaptation processes, Russ. J. Plant Physiol. 44: 421–431, 1997. (In Rus).
[24]
Lu, P., Outlaw, W. H., Jr., Smith, B. G., and Freed, G. A.: A new mechanism for the regulation of stomatal aperture size in intact leaves. − Plant Physiol. 11: 109–118, 1997.
[25]
Minchin, P. E. H., McNaughton, G. S.: Xylem Transport of Recently Fixed Carbon within Lupin. − Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 14: 325–329, 1987.
[26]
Mokronosov, А. Т., Ivanova, N. А.: Specialities of photosynthetic function at the partial defoliation of plants. − Sov. J. Plant Physiol. 18: 668—676, 1971. (In Rus).
[27]
Moyse, A.: La photorespiration // Photosynthese et production vegetable / Ed. С Costes. P.: Gauthier-Villars. Pp. 127-146. 1978.
[28]
Myers, S. C, Ferree, D. C.: Influence of summer pruning and tree orientation on net photosynthesis, transpiration, shoot growth and dry-weight distribution in young apple trees − J. Ammer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 108: 4—9, 1983.
[29]
Outlaw, W. H., Jr.: Current concepts on the role of potassium in stomatal movements, Physiol. Plant. 59: 302–311, 1983.
[30]
Outlaw W. H., Jr., Vlieghere-He X. D.: Transpiration rate. An important factor controlling the sucrose content of the guard cell apoplast of broad bean. Plant Physiol. 126: 1716–1724. 2001.
[31]
Poffenroth, M., Green, D. B., and Tallman, G.: Sugar concentrations in guard cells of Vicia faba illuminated with red or blue light. Analysis by high performance liquid chromatography, Plant Physiol. 98: 1460–1471, 1992.
[32]
Polyakov, M. A. and Karpushkin, L. T.: Humidity of the air above the evaporating surface of leaf mesophyll cells. Analysis of possible reasons for moisture reduction, Sov. Plant Physiol. 28: 448–460, 1981. (In Rus).
[33]
Popov, K. I.: On the ecology of plants damaged in the phase of sprouting leaf-chewing insects. − Abstracts environmental conference at the University of Kiev. Part I. Kiev. 1959. (In Rus).
[34]
Powles, S. В., Comic, G., Louason, G.: Photoinhibition of in vivo photosynthesis induced by strong light in the absence of CO2: an appraisal of the hypothesis that photorespiration protests against photoinhibition. − Physiol. veget. 22: 437-446, 1984.
[35]
Radmer R., Ollinger O.: Fluorescence and gas exchange in Scenedesmus. − Abstr. 5th Intern. Congr. Photosynth. Halkidiki. P. 459, 1980.
[36]
Shabashvili E. Z., Chikov V. I.: Structural and functional response of chloroplasts of cotton leaves to change the donor-acceptor relationship in the plant. − Sov. Plant Physiol. 39: 480-485, 1984 (In Rus).
[37]
Serova, V. V., Raldugina, G. N. & Krasavina, M. S.: Salycylic acid inhibits callose hydrolysis and disrupts transport of tobacco mosaic virus. Dokl. Akad. Nauk, 406: 705-708, 2006 (In Rus).
[38]
Suzuki K., Ikawa T.: Effect of oxygen on photosynthetic иСОг fixation in Chroomonas sp. (Cryptophyta). I: Some characteristics of the oxygen effect. − Plant and Cell Physiol. 25: 367—375, 1984.
[39]
Takabe Т., Asami S., Akazawa T.: Glycolate formation catalyzed by spinach leaf transketolase utilizing the superoxide radical. − Biochemistry. 19: 3985—3989, 1980.
[40]
Takahashi M., Asada K.: Dependence of oxygen affinity for Mehler reaction on Photochemical activity of chlorplast thylakoids. − Plant and Cell Physiol. 23: 1457—1461. 1982.
[41]
Tolbert N. E. Glycolate metabolism by higher plants and algae //Photosynthesis. II / Ed. M. Gibbs, E. Latzko. Berlin, etc.: Springer. P. 338—352, 1979.
[42]
Talbott, L. D. and Zeiger, E.: Sugar and organic acid accumulation in guard cells of Vicia faba in response to red and blue light. − Plant Physiol. 102: 1163–1169, 1993.
[43]
Tarchevsky I. А.: On the relationship between the photosynthetic phosphorylation assimilation of CO2 and other functions of chloroplasts and photosynthetic cells // Biochemistry and biophysics of photosynthesis Moscow: Nauka. P. 305–319, 1965. (In Rus).
[44]
Voskresenskaya, N. P.: Reactions of photoregulation and their contribution to the photosynthetic activity in plants, Fotosintez i produktsionnyi protsess (Photosyn thesis and Production Process), Nichiporovich, A. A., Ed., Moscow: Nauka. P. 142–153, 1988. (In Rus).
[45]
Zottini, M., Costa, A., De Michele, R., Ruzzene, M., Carimi, F. & Lo Schiavo, F.: Salicylic acid activates nitric oxide synthesis in Arabidopsis, J. Exp. Bot. 58: 1397-1405, 2007.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186