Ethinomedicine Plant Based Product in Caries Management
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 7-11
Received: Nov. 11, 2017;
Accepted: Dec. 25, 2017;
Published: Jan. 17, 2018
Views 1541 Downloads 105
Sunil Muddaiah, Department of Orthodontics, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Shanthala Butmanahosur Mallikarjun, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Anusha Jayadevan, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Bobby Wilson, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Srinivas Lingegowda Shanthraj, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Follow on us
Background: Ethnic medicinal practice has come into foucus in recent times due to increased awareness of side effects of the medicine (pharmaceutical drugs). In oral health care also the focus is shifted to herbal products (neem sticks/leaves, mango leaves) for brushing from commercially available tooth paste and brush. In our survey on oral health use of jatropha curcas instead of brushing with tooth brush and paste was observed and the dental caries prevalence was low. Objective: The observation from the survey initiated the present study to evaluate antibacterial activity of jatropha curcas leaves against tooth caries organism strepococcus mutans. Method: Collection And Identification of Plant Material was done Preparation Of The Jatropha Curcas Extract with leaves and dilution in to 1:3 ratio with ethyl acetate and methanol was done 3 Antibacterial Activity was performed with strain Streptococcus mutant by inoculating into 20ml Luria Bertini broth. 100 ml of Muller-Hinton agar was sterilized and poured into sterile petri plates in the laminar chamber and allow to solidify. 100μl of the cultures were spread onto the plates using a spreader. 5 wells were punched on each plate using a 5 mm megabore for four different sample concentrations. 50μl of the dilutions were pipetted into the wells and all the plates were incubated at 37°C overnight. The zone of inhibition was observed and the diameter of the zone was recorded. Results: The antibacterial activity of jatropha curcas extracts was observed and it varied with in the types of extract preparation. Methanolic extract preparation has shown better antibacterial effect against streptococcus mutans. Conclusion: Jatropha curcasa leaves can be a potential antibacterial agent against cariogenic microorganism streptococcus mutans.
Ethinomedicine Jatropha Curcas, Streptococcus Mutans, Dental Caries
To cite this article
Shanthala Butmanahosur Mallikarjun,
Srinivas Lingegowda Shanthraj,
Ethinomedicine Plant Based Product in Caries Management, Journal of Plant Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 7-11.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Sachdeva K, Singhal M, Srivastava B. A review on chemical and medicobiological applications of jatropha curcas. IRJP 2011; 2 (4): 61-66.
Kabra P, Loomba K, Kabra SK. Medicinal Plants in the Treatment of Dental Caries Asian J Oral Health Allied Sci 2012; 2 (1).
Prasad R, Izam A, Khan MR Jatropha curcas: Plant of medical benefits J. Med. Plants Res 2012; 6 (14), pp. 2691-99.
Oyama MO, Malachi OI, Oladejo AA.: Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Activity of Leaf Extract of Jatropha curcas JAMPS 2016; 8 (1) 1-6.
Omoregie EH, Folashade KO. Broad Spectrum Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts of Jatropha curcas. J App Pharm Sci 2013; 3 (04): 083-87.
Suhaili Z, Yeo CC, Yasin HN, Badaludin NA, Zakaria ZA. Antibacterial profile of Jatropha curcas latex extracts against selected human pathogenic bacteria. Afr J Microbial Res 2011; 5 (29): 5147-54.
Arun K, Anu B, Ruchika GA. Comparative Study of Antibacterial Activity of Leaves and Latex of Jatropha curcas L. Int J Pharmacognosy Phytochem Res 2012-13; 4 (4): 190-4.
Igbinosa OO, Igbinosa EO, Aiyegoro OA. Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of stem bark extracts from Jatropha curcas (Linn). Afr J Pharm Pharmacol 2009; 3 (2): 058-62.
El-baz, Bagato O, Aly HF, Saad SA, Ali MA. comparative evaluation of jatropha curcas leaves extract for antibacterial, anti-avian influenza a virus (h5n1) properties and gc-ms profile. Int J pharma Bio Sci 2015; 6 (2): 108–20.
Pooja K, Kapil L, Shri Krishna, Dipak SPM, Neeraj K. Medicinal Plants in the Treatment of Dental Caries. Asian J Oral Health Allied Sci). 2012; 2 (1).