Ethinomedicine Plant Based Product in Caries Management
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 7-11
Received: Nov. 11, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 25, 2017; Published: Jan. 17, 2018
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Authors
Sunil Muddaiah, Department of Orthodontics, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Shanthala Butmanahosur Mallikarjun, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Anusha Jayadevan, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Bobby Wilson, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Srinivas Lingegowda Shanthraj, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
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Abstract
Background: Ethnic medicinal practice has come into foucus in recent times due to increased awareness of side effects of the medicine (pharmaceutical drugs). In oral health care also the focus is shifted to herbal products (neem sticks/leaves, mango leaves) for brushing from commercially available tooth paste and brush. In our survey on oral health use of jatropha curcas instead of brushing with tooth brush and paste was observed and the dental caries prevalence was low. Objective: The observation from the survey initiated the present study to evaluate antibacterial activity of jatropha curcas leaves against tooth caries organism strepococcus mutans. Method: Collection And Identification of Plant Material was done Preparation Of The Jatropha Curcas Extract with leaves and dilution in to 1:3 ratio with ethyl acetate and methanol was done 3 Antibacterial Activity was performed with strain Streptococcus mutant by inoculating into 20ml Luria Bertini broth. 100 ml of Muller-Hinton agar was sterilized and poured into sterile petri plates in the laminar chamber and allow to solidify. 100μl of the cultures were spread onto the plates using a spreader. 5 wells were punched on each plate using a 5 mm megabore for four different sample concentrations. 50μl of the dilutions were pipetted into the wells and all the plates were incubated at 37°C overnight. The zone of inhibition was observed and the diameter of the zone was recorded. Results: The antibacterial activity of jatropha curcas extracts was observed and it varied with in the types of extract preparation. Methanolic extract preparation has shown better antibacterial effect against streptococcus mutans. Conclusion: Jatropha curcasa leaves can be a potential antibacterial agent against cariogenic microorganism streptococcus mutans.
Keywords
Ethinomedicine Jatropha Curcas, Streptococcus Mutans, Dental Caries
To cite this article
Sunil Muddaiah, Shanthala Butmanahosur Mallikarjun, Anusha Jayadevan, Bobby Wilson, Srinivas Lingegowda Shanthraj, Ethinomedicine Plant Based Product in Caries Management, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 7-11. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20180601.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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