Effect of Sowing Date on Grain Endosperm Chalkiness of Different Rice Varieties
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2018, Pages: 41-51
Received: Apr. 3, 2018; Accepted: Apr. 24, 2018; Published: May 18, 2018
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Authors
Dongyan Kong, College of Life Sciences and Institute for Conservation and Utilization of Agro-bioresources in Dabie Mountains, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, China
Bo Peng, College of Life Sciences and Institute for Conservation and Utilization of Agro-bioresources in Dabie Mountains, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, China
Yu Peng, School of Science and Technology, Xinyang University, Xinyang, China
Xiaohua Song, Xinyang Academy of Agricultural Science, Xinyang, China
Juan Peng, Xinyang Station of Plant Protection and Inspection, Xinyang, China
Chenhan Huang, College of Life Sciences and Institute for Conservation and Utilization of Agro-bioresources in Dabie Mountains, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, China
Yueyuan Wang, College of Life Sciences and Institute for Conservation and Utilization of Agro-bioresources in Dabie Mountains, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, China
Jinhe Li, College of Life Sciences and Institute for Conservation and Utilization of Agro-bioresources in Dabie Mountains, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, China
Yanfang Sun, College of Life Sciences and Institute for Conservation and Utilization of Agro-bioresources in Dabie Mountains, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, China
Ruihua Pang, College of Life Sciences and Institute for Conservation and Utilization of Agro-bioresources in Dabie Mountains, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, China
Huilong Li, Xinyang Academy of Agricultural Science, Xinyang, China
Jintiao Li, College of Life Sciences and Institute for Conservation and Utilization of Agro-bioresources in Dabie Mountains, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, China
Lin Liu, School of Science and Technology, Xinyang University, Xinyang, China
Shizhi Song, Xinyang Academy of Agricultural Science, Xinyang, China
Qiying Zhou, College of Life Sciences and Institute for Conservation and Utilization of Agro-bioresources in Dabie Mountains, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, China
Bin Duan, Xinyang Academy of Agricultural Science, Xinyang, China
Tondi-Yacouba Nassirou, Plate Forme Agroécologique Multi Acteurs Raya Karkara Du Niger, Quartier Djida Medersa, Niamey, Niger
Hongyu Yuan, College of Life Sciences and Institute for Conservation and Utilization of Agro-bioresources in Dabie Mountains, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, China
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Abstract
Grain chalkiness is a major cause of low quality in many rice-producing areas of the world. Though, little is known about the relationship between different sowing dates and the characters of grain chalkiness for grain quality improvement in rice. In this study, the grain chalkiness characters of twenty-one and seven rice varieties were investigated across four and six sowing dates in two years. The results showed a wide range variation of grain chalkiness in diverse varieties across sowing dates, and a positive correlation between chalkiness rate (CR) and the temperature during grain filling phase for all of the varieties. Slight correlation between grain chalkiness area (CA) and the temperature during grain filling phase was also observed for the test varieties in 2015. The chalkiness characters of some varieties were dramatically sensitive to heading dates, while other varieties had a low level of CA and CR across different sowing dates. Improvement of grain chalkiness could be realized by selecting optimum sowing dates in rice production and varieties with low and stable chalkiness could be considered as the elite parental lines in the artificial breeding of the new rice varieties. Therefore, our results have paved the way for the improvement of grain chalkiness in rice.
Keywords
Rice Variety, Grain Chalkiness, Appearance Quality, Sowing Date
To cite this article
Dongyan Kong, Bo Peng, Yu Peng, Xiaohua Song, Juan Peng, Chenhan Huang, Yueyuan Wang, Jinhe Li, Yanfang Sun, Ruihua Pang, Huilong Li, Jintiao Li, Lin Liu, Shizhi Song, Qiying Zhou, Bin Duan, Tondi-Yacouba Nassirou, Hongyu Yuan, Effect of Sowing Date on Grain Endosperm Chalkiness of Different Rice Varieties, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 41-51. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20180602.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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