Tree peony was widely cultivated for approximately 2,000 years, which originated in China. Oil Peony is peony varieties that can be used to produce seed oil as edible oil. In 2001, the Ministry of Health approved that seed oil made by pressing and decoloring could be used as a new resource food. It is an emerging woody oil crop, and has landscape, medicinal and ecological value. Nowadays, it has become an important means to promote targeted poverty alleviation. Oil peony industry is new industry with promising prospect. But at present, the fundamental research on oil peony industry is still very weak, the industry chain needs to be elongated. Oil peony industry is still in the situation of blind development and cultivation on the whole. Based on the issues of variety selection, high-yield cultivation techniques, base construction, and deep processing technology in the oil peony industry in China. This paper put forward the suggestions and thinking for the national relevant policy support, cultivating fine varieties, establish germplasm storehouses and achieving specialized production.
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