Characterization and Conservation Status of Evergreen Rainforest Understory: Case of Campo Ma'an National Park (Cameroon)
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages: 107-116
Received: Jul. 22, 2018; Accepted: Aug. 7, 2018; Published: Aug. 30, 2018
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Kabelong Banoho Louis-Paul-Roger, Department of plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Zapfack Louis, Department of plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Weladji Robert Bertrand, Department of Biology, Concordia University, Québec, Canada
Nasang Julliete Mancho, Department of plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Chimi Djomo Cedric, Department of plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Nyako Melanie Chichi, Department of plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Madountsap Tagnang Nadège, Department of plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Essono Damien Marie, Department of plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Sahnone Pambouro Jean Marc, The Higher Institute of the Sahel, University of Maroua, Maroua, Cameroon
Remi Jiagho, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Yaounde, Cameroon
Kwomegne Tchoupo Leonce Morel, Department of plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Tabue Mbobda Roger Bruno, Department of plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Palla Florence Jeanne Sarah, IUCN World Commission on Protected Area, Yaounde, Cameroon
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The Campo Ma'an National Park is located in the evergreen rainforest area rich in biological diversity. This biological diversity remains poorly known, especially those of the understory. The objective of the present study is to characterize undersotory tree and to determine their IUCN conservation status. To know the floristic diversity of understory (5 cm ≤ dbh <10 cm) of this forest, a tree inventory using the plots method of 25 m x 25 m, in which 36 plots were placed out on 6 transects of 4 km each. The IUCN Red List was used to determine the status of inventoried species. The result showed a total richness of 256 species belonging to 148 genera and 50 families for the entire site has been identified. The Shannon diversity index is 4.90 and 4.02 for Old secondary forest (OSF) and Secondary forest (SFO), respectively. The floristic background belongs to the field of Guinean-Congolese endemism, with 6 endemic species in Cameroon. The conservation status analysis shows that 22 species are listed as endangered in the red list of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. This study provides a base for reflection on the integration of understory trees species in inventories and in the development of conservation strategies.
Evergreen Rainforest, Floristic Diversity, Endemism, Conservation Status, Campo Ma'an National Park
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Kabelong Banoho Louis-Paul-Roger, Zapfack Louis, Weladji Robert Bertrand, Nasang Julliete Mancho, Chimi Djomo Cedric, Nyako Melanie Chichi, Madountsap Tagnang Nadège, Essono Damien Marie, Sahnone Pambouro Jean Marc, Remi Jiagho, Kwomegne Tchoupo Leonce Morel, Tabue Mbobda Roger Bruno, Palla Florence Jeanne Sarah, Characterization and Conservation Status of Evergreen Rainforest Understory: Case of Campo Ma'an National Park (Cameroon), Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 107-116. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20180604.11
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