Effect of Intercropping and Compost Application for the Management of Common Bean Anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) in North Shewa, Central Ethiopia
Common bean is grown for its high nutritive, medicinal and market value in Ethiopia. Anthracnose is among the major production constraint within central common bean producing regions of Ethiopia. Field experiments were conducted on two common bean varieties Awash Melka and Mexican 142 at Shewarobit and Ataye in 2016 and 2017 main cropping seasons with the objective of evaluating the effects of row intercropping, compost plus their integration on disease severity of common bean anthracnose. Field experiments revealed maximum disease severity on highly susceptible variety Mexican 142 than Awash Melka at both locations and during both cropping seasons. Significantly, the lowest (26.9%) mean final anthracnose severity was obtained from the integration of intercropping with compost application at Ataye during 2017 and (562% day) mean area under disease progress curve was obtained from the integration of intercropping with compost application at Shewarobit during 2017. Whereas significantly the highest (39%) mean final disease, severity and (849% day) mean AUDPC were recorded from the sole planting control plots in 2016 at Shewarobit. Integration of intercropping with compost application as ecofriendly disease management option was the appropriate management option of common bean anthracnose in the study area. Further studies of integrating management options need to be conducted to reduce the residual effects of agrochemicals.
Effect of Intercropping and Compost Application for the Management of Common Bean Anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) in North Shewa, Central Ethiopia, Journal of Plant Sciences.
Vol. 7, No. 3,
2019, pp. 54-62.
Aydinalp, C. & Cresser, M. S. (2008). The effects of global climate change on agriculture. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, 3 (5): 672-676.
Barker, A. V. & Bryson, G. M. (2006). Comparisons of composts with low or high nutrient status for growth of plants in containers. Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 37 (1): 1303–1319.
Bindera, J. (2009). Analysis of haricot bean production, supply, demand and marketing issues in Ethiopia pp. 10-22. Ethiopia Commodity Exchange Authority. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Buruchara, R., Mukankusi, C. & Ampofo, K. (2010). Bean disease and pest identification and management, pp. 1-67. In: the handbooks for small-scale seed producers. International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). Kampala, Uganda.
Bush, E. (2014). Anthracnose on Snap Beans. College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Publication 450-719. Virginia, USA.
CIAT (Centro Internacional De Agricultura Tropical). (1987). Standard System for the Evaluation of Bean Germplasm. CIAT, Cali, Colombia. 54p.
CSA (Central Statistical Agency). (2015). Area and Production of Crops, (Private Peasant Holding, Meher Season) Volume I. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency, Statistical Bulletin. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 126p.
DBARC (Deberebirhan Agricultural Research Center). (2014). Progress Report. Debereberhan, Ethiopia. Pp. 210-212.
EARO (Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization). (2004). Directory of Released Varieties and Their Recommended Cultural Practices. EARO, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 36p.
EMA (Ethiopian Metrological Agency). (2018). Climate variables for quarter decade of Northeastern Amhara, Annual Report, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Ensminger, A. H., Ensminge, r M. E., Konlande, J. E. & Robson, J. R. K. (1994). Food and Nutrition Encyclopedia. 2nd Eds. CRC Press, Florida.
Fininsa, C. & Yuen, J. (2001). Association of bean rust and common bacterial blight epidemics with cropping systems in Hararghe highlands, eastern Ethiopia. International Journal of Pest Management, 47 (3): 211-219.
Fininsa, C. & Tefera, T. (2002). Inoculum sources of bean anthracnose and their effect on bean epidemics and yield. Tropical Science, 42 (1): 30–34.
Fininsa, C. (2003). Relationship between common bacterial blight severity and bean yield loss in pure stand and bean-maize intercropping systems. International Journal of Pest Management, 49 (3): 177-185.
Fininsa, C. & Tefera, T. (2006). Multiple disease resistance in common bean genotypes and their agronomic performance in eastern Ethiopia. International Journal of Pest Management, 52 (4): 291-296.
Gomez, K. A & Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd Edition. John Wiley and Sons, Inc, New York, USA. 680pp.
Gonçalves-Vidigal, M. C., Thomazella, C., Vidigal Filho, P. S., Kvitschal, M. V. & Elias, H. T. (2008). Characterization of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum isolates using differential cultivars of common bean in Santa Catarina State, Brasil. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 51 (5): 883-888.
Gonzaga, L. L., Costa, L. E. O., Santos, T. T., Araujo, E. F. & Queiroz, M. V. (2014). Endophytic fungi from the genus Colletotrichum are abundant in the Phaseolus vulgaris and have high genetic diversity. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 118 (2): 485-496.
Hailu, N., Fininsa, C. & Tana, T. (2015a). Effect of climate change resilience strategies on productivity of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Semi-arid areas of eastern Hararghe, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural research, 10 (15): 1852-1862.
Hailu, N., Fininsa, C., Tana, T. & Mamo, G. (2015b). Effect of climate change resilience strategies on Common Bacterial Blight of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Semi-arid Agro-ecology of eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, 6 (10): 310.
Hassan, M. R., Hossain, I., Islam, M. R. & Khokon, M. A. R. (2013). Comparative efficacy of compost, compost tea, poultry litter and bavistin in controlling diseases of chili. Progress in Agriculture, 24 (2): 39-44.
Ihejirika, G. O., Nwufo, M. I., Obiefuna, J. C & Ibeawuchi, I. I. (2010). Evaluation of some fungal diseases and yield of groundnut in groundnut-based cropping systems. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 43 (1): 1044–1049.
Ishikawa, F. H., Ramalho, M. A. P. & Souza, E. A. (2011). Common bean lines as potential differential cultivars for race 65 of Colletorichum Lindemuthianum. Journal of Plant Pathology, 93 (2): 461-464.
Ishikawa, F. H., Souza, E. A., Shoji, J., Connolly, L., Freitag, M., Read, N. D. & Roca, M. G. (2012). Heterokaryon incompatibility is suppressed following conidial anastomosis tube fusion in a fungal plant pathogen. PLoS ONE, 7 (2): 1-12.
Katungi, E., Farrow, A., Chianu, J., Sperling, L. & Beebe, S. (2009). Base Line Research Report on Common Bean in Eastern and Southern Africa: a situation and outlook analysis of targeting breeding and delivery efforts to improve the livelihoods of the poor in drought prone areas. ICRISAT, Kampala, Uganda. 126pp.
Khalequzzaman, K. M. (2015). Management of Anthracnose of Hyacinth Bean for Safe Fresh Food Production. Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 4: 102-109.
Kumar, A., Sharma, P. N., Sharma, O. P. & Tyagi, P. D. (1999). Epidemiology of bean anthracnose under sub-humid mid hills zone of Himachal Pradesh. Indian Phytopathology, 52: 393-397.
Lemessa, F., Sari, W. & Wakjira, M. (2011). Association between angular leaf spot [(Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacco) Ferraris] and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) yield loss at Jimma, Southwestern Ethiopia. Plant Pathology Journal, 110 (2): 57-65.
Luske, B. (2010). Reduced greenhouse gas emissions due to compost production and compost use in Egypt comparing two scenarios. Louis Bolk Institute, Amestardem, Netherlands. 30p.
Madden, L. V. (2006). Botanical epidemiology: some key advances and its continuing role in disease management. European Journal of Plant pathology, 115 (1): 3-23.
Maibam, N., Chandra, S., Baiswar, P. Majumder, D. & Saikia, K. (2015). Host Plant Resistance and Yield Loss due to Anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum in French Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Indian Journal of Hill Farming, 28 (1): 14: 18.
Martin-cabrejas, M. A., Eseban, R. M., Perez, P., Maina, G. & Waldron, K. W. (1997). Changes in physico chemical properties of dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) during long-term storage. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 45 (1): 3223-3227.
Matusso, J. M. M., Mugwe, J. N. & Mucheru-Muna, M. (2014). Potential role of cereal-legume intercropping systems in integrated soil fertility management in smallholder farming systems of Sub-Saharan Africa. Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management, 3 (3): 162-174.
Mohammed, A. (2013). An Overview of Distribution, Biology and the Management of Common Bean Anthracnose. Journal of plant pathology and microbiology, 4: 193.
Mohammed, A., Ayalew, A. & Thangavel, S. (2014). Evaluation of various fungicides and soil solarization practices for the management of common bean anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) and seed yield and loss in Hararghe Highlands of Ethiopia. Journal of Plant breeding and Crop Science, 6 (1): 1-10.
Molla, A. & Tekalign, A. (2010). Potato Based Intercropping in the Hot to Warm Moist Valleys of North Shewa, Ethiopia. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6 (5): 485-488.
Pastor-Corrales, M. A. & Tu, J. C. (1989). Anthracnose, pp 77-104. In: Bean production problems in the tropics. 2nd ed. Schwartz, H. F. and Pastor-Corrales, M. A. (eds.). Cali, Colombia. 726 pp.
Pathania, A., Sharma, P. N., Sharma, O. P., Chahota, R. K., Bilal, A. & Sharma, P. (2006). Evaluation of resistance sources and inheritance of resistance in kidney bean to Indian virulences of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. Euphytica, 149: 97-103.
SAS (Statistical Analysis System). (2003). SAS/STAT Guide for Personal Computers, Version 9.2 edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
Sharma, P. N., Sharma, O. P., Padder, B. A. & Kapil, R. (2008). Yield loss assessment in common bean due to anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) under sub temperate conditions of North-Western Himalayas. Indian Phytopathathology, 61 (3): 323-330.
Silva, K. J. D., Souza, E. A. & Ishikawa, F. H. (2007). Characterization of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum isolates from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Phytopathology, 155 (4): 241-247.
Sullivan, P. (2004). Soil System Guide on Sustainable Management of Soilborne Plant Diseases with Compost and Organic Amendments. Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA), California, USA. 16p.
Tana, T., Fininsa, C. & Worku, W. (2007). Agronomic performance and productivity of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties in double intercropping with maize (Zea mays L.) in eastern Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 6 (1): 749-756.
Toulmin, C. (2011). In: Prospering Despite Climate Change: New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture. PP 1-25. Paper presented at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Conference. 24-25 January 2011. IFAD, Rome. Italy.
Vallad, G. E., Cooperband, L. & Goodman, R. M. (2003). Plant foliar disease suppression mediated by composted forms of paper mill residuals exhibits molecular features of induced resistance. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 63 (1): 65–77.
Vander Plank, J. L. (1963). Plant Diseases; epidemics and control. Academic press, London, UK. 206pp.
Yesuf, M. & Sangcho, S. (2005). Seed Transmission and Epidemics of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum in the Major Common Bean Growing Areas of Ethiopia Kasetsart Journal of Natural Science, 39: 34-45.