Effects of Lime, Manure and Kitchen Ash Application on Yield and Yield Components of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) on Acidic Soils of Gozamin District
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 2, April 2020, Pages: 17-28
Received: Feb. 26, 2020; Accepted: Mar. 13, 2020; Published: Apr. 17, 2020
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Mekonnen Asrat, Department of Plant Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
Markku Yli-Halla, Agricultural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Mesfin Abate, Department of Plant Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
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Liming improve the properties of acidic soils and commenly increases crop productivity. The experiment to evaluate the effect of lime, manure and kitchen ash application on yield and yield components of faba bean was conducted at Yebokla kebele in Gozamin district of Amhara Region in 2017 season. The factorial combination of 0, 1.5 and 3 t/ha lime, 0, 2.5 and 5 t/ha manure and 0, 0.5 and 1 t/ha kitchen ash treatments were replicated three times and laid out in randomized complete block design. The results show shortened days to maturity was recorded from plot receiving 1.5 t lime, 2.5 t manure and 1 t/ha kitchen ash. The numbers of effective nodule was significantly higher at 1.5 t.lime and 2.5 t/ha manure while higher plant height was recorded from 1.5 t/ha lime and 5 t/ha manure treatments. Number of pods per plant increased by combined application of 2.5 t manure and 1 t/ha kitchen ash while maximum number of seeds per pod observed at 5 t/ha manure. The highest seed yield (2.59 t/ha) obtained from combined used of 1.5 t lime, 5 t manure and 0.5 t/ha kitchen ash meanwhile maximum straw yield was recorded from 5 t/ha manure rate. The economic analysis revealed that combined used of 1.5 t lime, 0.5 t kitchen ash and 5 t/ha manure gave a net profit of 26,533 Birr/ha with acceptable MRR (98%), thus this treatment is found optimum to increase crop yield on acidic soils of Gozamin district.
Acid Soil, Amhara, Liming, Manure, Nodule, Pod, Seed Yield
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Mekonnen Asrat, Markku Yli-Halla, Mesfin Abate, Effects of Lime, Manure and Kitchen Ash Application on Yield and Yield Components of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) on Acidic Soils of Gozamin District, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 17-28. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20200802.11
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