On Farm Validation of Technology Packages for Supporting Durum Wheat Extension Package Formulation in Ethiopia
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2020, Pages: 57-66
Received: Mar. 17, 2020;
Accepted: Apr. 20, 2020;
Published: Jun. 8, 2020
Views 45 Downloads 26
Wasihun Legesse, Ethiopian Institutes of Agricultural Research, Debre-Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Department of Crop Science Research-Durum Wheat-Projec, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Aklilu Nigussie, Ethiopian Institutes of Agricultural Research, Debre-Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Department of Agricultural Economics Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
This study aims at assessing three different packages for their benefits to the farmer’s extension intervention, based on the economic benefit to maximize profit gains. The comparisons of average differences in the on farm economic performance of the packages applied are compared to each other with cost and benefits using variable cost for production season of durum wheat producers. The result of one year on farm cost of production for the three packages varies accordingly; the total variable cost (TVC) per h-1 was found 14,645.25, 16,888.50 and 14,645.25 Ethiopian Birr for extension, ATA and farmer packages while the grain yield was found 3830, 4010 and 3130 Kg respectively. The net revenue gains from grain yield and straw was found 53,498 Birr from extension package; 54,600 Birr from ATA package and 41,126 Birr from farmer practiced trials. From the h-1 on farm trials with the recommended packages durum production was found profitable the net profit was found all attractive as the cost incurred didn’t outweigh the benefits gain. The price of grain yield at the present market prices was 17.00 Birr per Kg; while the straw price per Kg was found 3.75 Birr; on the other side seed price per Kg was 17 Birr. The break-even price for extension, ATA, and farmer practice packages varies as they had difference TVC, grain yield and TRV.
On Farm Validation of Technology Packages for Supporting Durum Wheat Extension Package Formulation in Ethiopia, Journal of Plant Sciences.
Vol. 8, No. 3,
2020, pp. 57-66.
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Triticum durum" Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 11 December 2017.
Global durum wheat use trending upward". world-grain.com. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
Colomba MS, Gregorini A (2011) Genetic diversity analysis of the Graziella Ra, Triticumturgidum L. subsp. durum (Desf.) Husn. (Poales, Poaceae). Biodiversity Journal 2 (2): 73-84.
Elias, E. M. Durum wheat products. In Durum Wheat Quality in the Mediterranean Region; Di Fonzo, N., Kaan, F., Nachit, M., Eds.; CIHEAM: Zaragoza, Spain, 1995; Volume 22, pp. 23–31. [Google Scholar].
National Research Council. Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains; The National Academies Press: Washington, DC, USA, 1996. [Google Scholar].
Luo, M. C.; Yang, Z. L.; You, F. M. The structure of wild and domesticated emmer wheat populations, gene flow between them and the site of emmer domestication. Theor. Appl. Genet. 2007, 114, 947–959. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef].
Kabbaj, H.; Sall, A. T.; Al-Abdallat, A.; Geleta, M.; Amri, A.; Filali-Maltouf, A.; Belkadi, B.; Ortiz, R.; Bassi, F. M. Genetic Diversity within a Global Panel of Durum Wheat (Triticum durum) Landraces and Modern Germplasm Reveals the History of Alleles Exchange. Front. Plant Sci. 2017, 8, 1277. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed].
Mengistu, D. K.; Kirosa, Y. A. Y.; Pè, M. E. Phenotypic diversity in Ethiopian durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var. durum) landraces. Crop J. 2015, 3, 190–199. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef].
Evan School Policy Analysis and Research (EPAR). Wheat Value Chain: Ethiopia. Available online: https://evans.uw.edu/sites/default/files/EPAR_UW_204_Wheat_Ethiopia_07272012.pdf (accessed on 24 December 2016).
CSA, 2018. Central Statistics Agency, Agricultural Sample Survey Report on Area and Productionof Major Crops Private Peasant Holdings, Meher Season, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Zilić S, Barać M, Pešić M, Dodig D, Ignjatović-Micić D (2011). "Characterization of proteins from grain of different bread and durum wheat genotypes". Int J Mol Sci. 12 (9): 5878 94. doi: 10.3390/ijms12095878. PMC 3189758. PMID 22016634
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durum (Accessed in 27th March 2019).
MOA (2015) Ministry of Agriculture, Plant Variety Release, Protection and Seed Quality Control Directorate, Crop Variety Register, Issue No. 17, June 2014, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; pp. 330.
AmsalTarekegne, Turner DG, GetinetGebeyehu (1995) Improvement in yield of bread wheat cultivars released in Ethiopia from 1949 to 1987. African Crop Science Journal 3 (1): 41-49.
Gebre-Maryam H (1991) Wheat production & research in Ethiopia. In: Wheat Research in Ethiopia: A Historical Perspective. Gebre-Mariam H, Tanner DG, et al. (Eds.), IAR/CIMMYT, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; p. 1-15.