How Tropospheric Ozone Influences the Allelopathy of Woody Species: Some Experimental Approaches
Plants undergo a high concentration of tropospheric ozone formed mainly as a result of industrial and automobile pollution that may act on allelopathic relations in biocenosis. The problem was considered in first experiments modeling in test reactions with leaf leachates from 10 woody species as plant-donors, exposed to ozone, and able to influence on herbs (plant-acceptors) grown under their canopy. The effects were dependent on the duration and the intensity exposure to ozone. The color and the autofluorescence of the woody plant leaves with secretory cells contained allelochemicals changed under the ozone treatment. The effects of water extracts (models of rain leachates) from leaves of woody species exposed to ozone on the seed germination of herb Lavatera trimestris (Malvaceae), plant-acceptor of allelochemicals, differed from untreated samples. This showed a possible transformation of allelochemicals or/and the formation of new similar exometabolites after the ozone treatment. In the fluorescence spectra of whole leaves, the maxima, peculiar to phenols, were found at different experiments, while peaks related to terpenes disappeared in ozonated samples. Under acute or chronic ozone exposure the formation of biogenic amines (dopamine and histamine) known as allelochemicals was observed in leaf cells. These test-reactions on tropospheric ozone stress could be used in the analysis of allelopathic relations in urban conditions.
Roshchina Victoria Vladimirovna,
How Tropospheric Ozone Influences the Allelopathy of Woody Species: Some Experimental Approaches, Journal of Plant Sciences. Special Issue: Use of Allelopathy in Agriculture: New Futures, Challenges and Future Prospects.
Vol. 8, No. 4,
2020, pp. 71-79.
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