Impact of Climate Change on the Diversity and Distribution of Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw) Cheesman) in Ethiopia: A Review
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages: 80-86
Received: Feb. 21, 2020; Accepted: Mar. 17, 2020; Published: Aug. 25, 2020
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Abera Jaleta, Department of Horticulture, Bedele College of Agriculture and Forestry, Mettu University, Bedele, Ethiopia
Bikila Tesfa Kebeda, Department of Agricultural Economics, Bedele College of Agriculture and Forestry, Mettu University, Bedele, Ethiopia
Temesgen Olani Abdisa, Department of Agricultural Economics, Bedele College of Agriculture and Forestry, Mettu University, Bedele, Ethiopia
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The aim of this review paper is to review the impact of climate change on diversity and distribution of enset in Ethiopia and to suggest the gabs for future research. Climate change impacts will disproportionately affect sub-Saharan African countries such as Ethiopia because their economies are highly dependent on climate-sensitive activities such as rain-fed agriculture. In Ethiopia, climate change and associated extreme events are causing significant damage to life, property, natural resources and the economy by affecting climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture. Of the influence of climate change in Ethiopia crop species diversity and distribution is the current issue to deal with. Big genetic erosion and limitation of production of crops toward the high lands parts of the country in general and enset in particular is under way. Species distributions are determined by a range of different factors, among which climate is one of the most important ones. Climate change based distribution of enset is currently observed in Ethiopia. In some part of the country the enset production is shifting to the high land areas due to the changing climatic conditions. Some of the clones are struggling for tolerance of the changing environment, while others shift toward higher altitude; the others are unable to withstand the changing climatic condition and are enforced to die. Recent climate change has become one of the main drivers of shifts in the geographical distributions and diversity of enset species in Ethiopia. Therefore, urgent and appropriate actions are needed within various scenarios of climate change impacts on biodiversity and species distribution of enset.
Species, Diversity, Distribution, Enset, Temperature, Highland, Biodiversity Loss
To cite this article
Abera Jaleta, Bikila Tesfa Kebeda, Temesgen Olani Abdisa, Impact of Climate Change on the Diversity and Distribution of Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw) Cheesman) in Ethiopia: A Review, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 80-86. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20200804.12
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