Field Evaluation of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes for Stripe Rust (Puccinia striiformis W.) Resistance in Arsi Highlands, South -Eastern-Ethiopia
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages: 87-97
Received: May 21, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 28, 2020; Published: Aug. 31, 2020
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Authors
Getnet Muche Abebele, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Wheat Regional Center of Excellence, KARC, Asella, Ethiopia
Merkuz Abera Admasu, Department of Plant Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Bekele Hundie Agdu, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Wheat Regional Center of Excellence, KARC, Asella, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Wheat is one of the world's foremost crops where its production is growing yearly. However, the emerged virulent stripe rust races at one point of the world spread to the rest of wheat producing countries by wind as well as human travels and damaged popular resistant wheat cultivars thereby posed food insecurity. This study was carried out with the aim to identify possible sources of stripe rust resistance among Ethiopian bread wheat pipelines for durable resistance breeding. Twenty-eight advanced bread wheat pipelines, local susceptible and resistant check cultivars Kubsa and Wane respectively were field tested in randomized complete block design with three replications across two stripe rust hot-spot locations for their slow rusting characteristics. Slow rusting resistance at the adult-plant stage was assessed through the determination of final rust severity (FRS), average coefficient of infection (ACI), and relative area under disease progressive curve (rAUDPC). Among the twenty-eight, 24, 2 and 2 genotypes displayed high, moderate and low level of slow rusting over two locations respectively. The results revealed that wheat lines, ETBW- 8858, ETBW-8870, ETBW-8583, ETBW-8668, ETBW-8595, ETBW-8684, ETBW-9548, ETBW-9549, ETBW-9552, ETBW-9554, ETBW-9558, ETBW-9559, ETBW-9560, ETBW-875, ETBW-8802, ETBW-8862, ETBW-8804, ETBW-8896, ETBW-9556, ETBW-9557, ETBW-8991, ETBW-9486, ETBW-9556 and ETBW-9561 had low values of FRS, ACI and rAUDPC and were regarded as good slow rusting lines. Strong positive correlations were observed between different parameters of slow rusting. As compared with susceptible, resistant check variety and other test lines, three lines namely. ETBW-8684; ETBW-9558 and ETBW-8751 are high yielders and could be released for production. Twenty-four lines with high and moderate levels of slow rusting and expected to possess both major and minor resistance genes could be used for durable stripe rust resistance breeding in wheat. Nevertheless, the exact resistant genes contented in suggested lines shall be confirmed through seedling phenotyping and molecular approaches.
Keywords
FRS, Inherit Resistant Genes, Adult Plat Resistance, Slow Rusting, Stripe Rust
To cite this article
Getnet Muche Abebele, Merkuz Abera Admasu, Bekele Hundie Agdu, Field Evaluation of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes for Stripe Rust (Puccinia striiformis W.) Resistance in Arsi Highlands, South -Eastern-Ethiopia, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 87-97. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20200804.13
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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