Please enter verification code
Participatory Variety Selection of Improved Potato (Solanium tuberosum L) Varieties in Harari People Regional State and Eastern Hararghe Zone
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2020, Pages: 208-213
Received: Nov. 26, 2020; Accepted: Dec. 8, 2020; Published: Dec. 16, 2020
Views 49      Downloads 49
Mohammed Jafar, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Gezu Degefa, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Gebisa Benti, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Girma Wakgari, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Participatory varietal selection involves both scientific measurements and farmers evaluations; hence it has emerged as the best method to identify farmers’ preferred crop varieties and their popularization. The experiment was conducted during 2019 cropping season at Dire Xayara and Gurawa districts of Harari People Regional State and Eastern Hararghe zone of Oromia Regional State, respectively. The objective of the study was to identify adaptable, high yielding and diseases and pest tolerant potato varieties based on farmer`s management, and to evaluate and select potato varieties based on farmer’s preference. The treatments arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications. Treatments were consisted of eight potato varieties including standard check. Both agronomic data and farmers preferences toward the varieties were collected and analyzed using Genstat software and matrix ranking respectively. The analysis result showed that there were significant (p<0.05) difference among the varieties in all agronomic parameters except flowering date. Belete Variety gave the highest yield (39.6t/ha) followed by Bubu (29.91t/ha) and Gudanie (28.63t/ha). Matrix ranking of farmers’ preference also showed that Belete and Bubu varieties ranked first and second in both districts. Dagim and Horro varieties were not only the low yielding, but also the least preferred varieties by farmers in the study districts. Farmers also liked Marachere for earliness and Gudanie for marketable yield and vegetative performance. However, they indicated that tuber size of Marachere is very small and Gudanie is susceptible to late blight. Therefore based on the findings, Belete and Bubu varieties could be recommended to potato growers in study area and similar agro ecology for further promotion and the two varieties (Marachere and Gudanie) could be used by potato breeders in their breeding program to exploit their merits.
Farmers’ Preferences, Participatory Variety Selection, Potato, Variety
To cite this article
Mohammed Jafar, Gezu Degefa, Gebisa Benti, Girma Wakgari, Participatory Variety Selection of Improved Potato (Solanium tuberosum L) Varieties in Harari People Regional State and Eastern Hararghe Zone, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 6, 2020, pp. 208-213. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20200806.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abebe Chindi, Egata Shunka, Atsede Solomon, Gebremedhin W/Giorgis, Ebrahim Seid, et al. (2017) Participatory potato seed production: a breakthrough for food security and income generation in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Open Agriculture 2 (1): 205-212.2.
Amdie A, Afeta T, Bobo T (2017). Adaptability study of improved Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties in highland of Guji zone, Southern Oromia. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res. 5 (3): 186-191.
Ceccarelli, S. 2012. Plant breeding with farmers – a technical manual. ICARDA, PO Box 5466, Aleppo, Syria.
De la Morena, Guillen IA, Garcia del Morel LF (1994) Yield development in potatoes as influenced by cultivar and the timing and level of nitrogen fertilizer. American Potato Journal 71: 165-173.
De Boef WS, Thijssen MH (2007). Participatory tools working with crops, varieties and seeds. A guide for professionals applying participatory approaches in agrobiodiversity management, crop improvement and seed sector development. Wageningen, Wageningen International, 83p.
Desclaux, D., 2005. Participatory Plant Breeding Methods for Organic Cereals. In: Lammerts Van Bueren, E. T. and Ostergard, H. (Eds.) Proceedings of the COST SUSVAR/ECO-PB Workshop on Organic Plant Breeding Strategies and the Use of Molecular Markers, pp. 17-23.
Devaux, A., P. Kromann, O. Ortiz. 2014. Potatoes for sustainable global food security. Potato Research. doi: 10.1007/s11540-014-9265-1.
Gebremedhin, G.; W. Giorgis; Endale Gebre; Kiflu Bedane; Bekele Kassa. 2001. Country Profile on Potato Production and Utilization: Ethiopia. Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization (EARO), Holetta Agricultural Research Centre, National Potato Research Program.
GebremedhinWoldegiorgis, EndaleGebre and BergaLemaga (2008). Root and Tuber crops: The untapped resources. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Pp 29.
Gezahegn A, Sintayehu Girma, Chala Begna 2017 Evaluation and Selection of Newly Released Potato Varieties(Solanum tubresum) at West Hararghe Zone East Ethiopia
Habtamu G, Wahassu M and Beneberu S 2016 Evaluation of Potato (Solanumtuberosum L.) Varieties for Yield and Yield Components in Eastern Ethiopia..
Henok Fikre, 2018. Adaptability Study of Irish Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Varieties for Yield and Yield Components under Kaffa Zone, South Western Ethiopia.
Jusu, M., 1999. Management of genetic variety in rice (Oryza sativa L and O. glaberrima Steud.) by breeders and farmers in Sierra Leone. Wageningen University Dissertation No. 2732. University of Wageningen. Netherlands.
Kandil, A. A., Attia, A. N., Badawi, M. A., Sharief, A. E. and Abido, W. A. H (2011). Effect of Water Stress and Fertilization with Inorganic Nitrogen and Organic Chicken Manure on Yield and Yield Components of Potato. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5 (9): 9971005.
Kena K (2018) Adaptability and Performance Evaluation of Potato (Solanum Tubersum L) Varieties under Irrigation in West and Kellem Wollega Zones. J Advan Plant Sci 1: 213.
Lung’aho C, B Lemaga, M Nyongesa, P Gildermacher, P Kinyale, et al. (2007) Commercial seed potato production in eastern and central Africa. Kenya Agricultural Institute, Pp. 140.4.
Maru-Aduening, J. A., Lamboll, R. I., Ampong Mensah, G., Lamptey, J. N., Moses, E., Dankyi, A. A. and Gibson, R. W., 2006. Development of superior cassava cultivars in Ghana by farmers and scientists: The process adopted, outcome and contributions and changed roles of different stakeholders. Euphytica Vol 150 No 1-2 p 47-61.
Mengistu, K., Degefu, K., Nigussie, D. & Feyisa, H. (2016). Determinants of Adoption of Potato Production Technology Package by Smallholder Farmers: Evidences from Eastern Ethiopia. Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics. The Successor of the Acta Oeconomica et Informatica ISSN 1336-9261, XIX (Number 2, 2016): 61–68 doi: 10.15414/raae/2016.19.02.61-68.
MOA (Ministry of Agriculture), 2016. Plant Variety Release, Protection and Seed Quality Control Directorate, ISSUE No. 19, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.
Muthoni J, Nyamongo DO (2009) A review of constraints to ware Irish potatoes production in Kenya. Journal of horticulture and forestry 1 (7). 5. Gildemacher PR, Demo P, Barker I, Kaguongo W, Woldegiorgis.
Mohammed, S. (2015). Determinants of Participation in Soil Fertility Management Practices by Smallholder Farmers: the case of Gurawa and Haromaya Districts, East Hararge Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia (Master’s thesis), Haramaya University, Ethiopia.
Nigussie, D., Mengistu, K., Haile, D., Wole, K., Tamru, A., Olkeba, B., Solomon, A. & Samuel, T. (2014). Participatory Rural Appraisal Report: Gurawa Woreda, Eastern Oromia Region, Haramaya University & Wageningenur.
Pretty, J. N., Guijt, I., Thompson, J. and Scoones, I. 1985. A Trainer's Guide for Participatory Learning and Action. IIED Participatory Methodology Series. London: IIED (HT2700 PRE) p. 54-71.
Solomon, F., Asrat, A. and Workie, A. 2019. Yield Performance of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Varieties under Rainy Season at Wogera District, Northwestern Ethiopia. J. Acad. Indus. Res. 7 (11): 144-149.
Sriom DPM, Priyanka R, Devraj S, Rajat KS, Sudhir KM (2017) Effect of Different Levels of Nitrogen on Growth and Yield in Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) CV. Kufri Khyati Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 6 (6): 14561460.3.
Witcombe, J. R, A. Joshi, K. D. Joshi & B. R. Sthapit. 1996. Farmers participatory crop improvement. I. varietal selection and breeding methods and their impacts on biodiversity. Expl Agric 32: 445-460.
Yeneayehu Fenetahun Mihertu. “Over View of Socio Economic Data on Eastern Ethiopia Region (Harar Biodiversity Center Working Zone)”. Acta Scientific Agriculture 3.4 (2019): 196-206.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186