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Participatory Variety Selection of Improved Potato (Solanium tuberosum L) Varieties in Harari People Regional State and Eastern Hararghe Zone
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2020, Pages: 208-213
Received: Nov. 26, 2020; Accepted: Dec. 8, 2020; Published: Dec. 16, 2020
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Authors
Mohammed Jafar, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Gezu Degefa, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Gebisa Benti, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Girma Wakgari, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Participatory varietal selection involves both scientific measurements and farmers evaluations; hence it has emerged as the best method to identify farmers’ preferred crop varieties and their popularization. The experiment was conducted during 2019 cropping season at Dire Xayara and Gurawa districts of Harari People Regional State and Eastern Hararghe zone of Oromia Regional State, respectively. The objective of the study was to identify adaptable, high yielding and diseases and pest tolerant potato varieties based on farmer`s management, and to evaluate and select potato varieties based on farmer’s preference. The treatments arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications. Treatments were consisted of eight potato varieties including standard check. Both agronomic data and farmers preferences toward the varieties were collected and analyzed using Genstat software and matrix ranking respectively. The analysis result showed that there were significant (p<0.05) difference among the varieties in all agronomic parameters except flowering date. Belete Variety gave the highest yield (39.6t/ha) followed by Bubu (29.91t/ha) and Gudanie (28.63t/ha). Matrix ranking of farmers’ preference also showed that Belete and Bubu varieties ranked first and second in both districts. Dagim and Horro varieties were not only the low yielding, but also the least preferred varieties by farmers in the study districts. Farmers also liked Marachere for earliness and Gudanie for marketable yield and vegetative performance. However, they indicated that tuber size of Marachere is very small and Gudanie is susceptible to late blight. Therefore based on the findings, Belete and Bubu varieties could be recommended to potato growers in study area and similar agro ecology for further promotion and the two varieties (Marachere and Gudanie) could be used by potato breeders in their breeding program to exploit their merits.
Keywords
Farmers’ Preferences, Participatory Variety Selection, Potato, Variety
To cite this article
Mohammed Jafar, Gezu Degefa, Gebisa Benti, Girma Wakgari, Participatory Variety Selection of Improved Potato (Solanium tuberosum L) Varieties in Harari People Regional State and Eastern Hararghe Zone, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 6, 2020, pp. 208-213. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20200806.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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