Effect of Essential Oils of Artemisia arborescens on Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014, Pages: 1-4
Received: Jul. 31, 2014; Accepted: Jan. 16, 2015; Published: Mar. 14, 2015
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Author
Bachir Raho Ghalem, Department of Biology, University of Mascara, Mascara, Algeria
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Abstract
This study was carried out to investigate the potential use of Artemisia arborescens as a source of antimicrobial agents against pathogens. Essential oils of A. arborescens were collected by hydrodistillation. The antibacterial properties of A. arborescens essential oil was studied on the standard gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa), and Staphylococcus aureus (gram-positive bacteria), then agar disk diffusion, minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were detected. The results of agar disk diffusion tests showed the inhibition zones as follow: S. aureus 00-18 mm, E. coli 00-16 mm and 08-14 mm for P. aeruginosa. However, their antibacterial activities were lower than those of Gentamicin. The MIC for S. aureus and P. aeruginosa was between 33 and 66 mg/ml, and for Gram-negative bacteria of E. coli was between 66 and 132 mg/ml, while the MBC values of this oil against the tested bacterial strains were between 132 and 264 mg/ml.
Keywords
Artemisia arborescens Essential Oil, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Antimicrobial Activity
To cite this article
Bachir Raho Ghalem, Effect of Essential Oils of Artemisia arborescens on Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Journal of Plant Sciences. Special Issue: Pharmacological and Biological Investigation of Medicinal Plants. Vol. 2, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.s.2014020601.11
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