Medicinal Plants: A Review
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015, Pages: 50-55
Received: Nov. 22, 2014; Accepted: Dec. 2, 2014; Published: May 18, 2015
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Author
Singh R., Department of Botany, Biyani Group of Colleges, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
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Abstract
Medicinal plants have been used in virtually all cultures as a source of medicine. Assurance of the safety, quality, and efficacy of medicinal plants and herbal products has now become a key issue in industrialized and in developing countries. The widespread use of herbal remedies and healthcare preparations is described in the Vedas and the Bible .Medicinal Plants have been used for thousands of years to flavor and conserve food, to treat health disorders and to prevent diseases including epidemics. The knowledge of their healing properties has been transmitted over the centuries within and among human communities. Active compounds produced during secondary metabolism are usually responsible for the biological properties of plant species used throughout the globe for various purposes, including treatment of infectious diseases. Currently, data on the antimicrobial activity of numerous plants, so far considered empirical, have been scientifically confirmed, with the increasing number of reports on pathogenic microorganisms resistant to antimicrobials. Products derived from plants may potentially control microbial growth in diverse situations and in the specific case of disease treatment, numerous studies have aimed to describe the chemical composition of these plant antimicrobials and the mechanisms involved in microbial growth inhibition, either separately or associated with conventional antimicrobials.
Keywords
Medicinal Plants, Traditional Medicine, Phytomedicines, Antioxidant Potential
To cite this article
Singh R., Medicinal Plants: A Review, Journal of Plant Sciences. Special Issue: Medicinal Plants. Vol. 3, No. 1-1, 2015, pp. 50-55. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.s.2015030101.18
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