Anti-Oxidative Activity of Fruit Extracts of Some Medicinal Plants Used against Chronic Diseases (Diabetes, Hypertension) in Kankan, Guinea
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 1-2, January 2015, Pages: 1-5
Received: Oct. 30, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 2, 2014; Published: Dec. 27, 2014
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Authors
Oulare Kabine, Department of Biology, University Julius Nyerere of Kankan, Kankan, Guinée; Research and Valorization Center on medicinal Plants of Dubréka, Dubréka, Guinée
Barry Mamadou Samba, Department of Biology, University Julius Nyerere of Kankan, Kankan, Guinée; Research and Valorization Center on medicinal Plants of Dubréka, Dubréka, Guinée
Bah Fatoumata, Department of Biology, University Julius Nyerere of Kankan, Kankan, Guinée
Keita Namagan, Department of Biology, University Julius Nyerere of Kankan, Kankan, Guinée
Haba Nyanga Luopou, Department of Biology, University Julius Nyerere of Kankan, Kankan, Guinée
Balde Aliou Mamadou, Research and Valorization Center on medicinal Plants of Dubréka, Dubréka, Guinée
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Abstract
Ethnobotanical surveys in Kankan (Guinea) led to an inventory of 78 plants used in the treatment of hypertension and diabetes. Among them, 31 plants producing edible fruits were selected. From these, 16 were anti- hypertensive, 8 anti- diabetic and 7 were used to treat hypertension as well as diabetes. The strongest anti-oxydative activity was observed in the hydro alcoholic fruit extracts of Tamarindus indica L. (116.75 %), Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex A. DC. (111.75 %), Strychnos spinosa Lam. ( 111.71 %) and Aframomum melegueta ( 111.12 %). The alcoholic extracts of Cissus aralioides (Welw. Ex Bak. ), Cola cordifolia (Cav. ) R. Br., Gardenia ternifolia, Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC were devoid of any antioxidant activity.
Keywords
Guinea, Medicinal Plants, Fruit Extracts, Antioxydant, Chronic Diseases
To cite this article
Oulare Kabine, Barry Mamadou Samba, Bah Fatoumata, Keita Namagan, Haba Nyanga Luopou, Balde Aliou Mamadou, Anti-Oxidative Activity of Fruit Extracts of Some Medicinal Plants Used against Chronic Diseases (Diabetes, Hypertension) in Kankan, Guinea, Journal of Plant Sciences. Special Issue: Ethnopharmacological Investigation of Medicinal Plants. Vol. 3, No. 1-2, 2015, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.s.2015030102.11
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