Plant Water Relations and Proline Accumulations in Soybean Under Salt and Water Stress Environment
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 272-278
Received: Sep. 22, 2015;
Accepted: Oct. 4, 2015;
Published: Oct. 19, 2015
Views 4341 Downloads 174
Md. Shawquat Ali Khan, Agronomy Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
M. Abdul Karim, Department of Agronomy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Abullah-Al-Mahmud , Tuber Crops Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Shahana Parveen, Irrigation and Water Management Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Mahfuz Bazzaz, Agronomy Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Altaf Hossain, Tuber Crops Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
The study was carried out with three soybean genotypes viz. Galarsum, BD 2331 and BARI Soybean-6 in a vinyl house of Banghabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh during January to March, 2012 to analyze leaf water status, leaf temperature, xylem exudation and proline accumulation under salt and water stress environment. Treatments included control, water shortage, 50 mM NaCl irrigation, 50 mM NaCl irrigation with water shortage, 75 mM NaCl irrigation, and 75 mM NaCl irrigation with water shortage environments. The relative water content, xylem exudation, leaf water potential of soybean plants were sharply decreased at 75 mM NaCl salt combined with water stress environment. However, these changes were lower in Galarsum and recorded 74.28 % relative water content, 7 mg hr-1 xylem exudation rate and -1.03 MPa leaf water potential. Leaf temperature was more in BD 2331 and BARI Soybean-6 than Galarsum. Galarsum accumulated higher amount of proline in leaves under salt and water stress environment. At 75 mM NaCl salt combined with water stress treatment, the highest proline content was also recorded in Galarsum (2.34 µmoles g-1 fresh weight). Plant water status and biochemical changed sharply under combined salt and water stress condition. Among the soybean genotype, Galarsum was more capable than BD 2331 and BARI Soybean-6 to manage salt under water stress environment.
Md. Shawquat Ali Khan,
M. Abdul Karim,
Md. Mahfuz Bazzaz,
Md. Altaf Hossain,
Plant Water Relations and Proline Accumulations in Soybean Under Salt and Water Stress Environment, Journal of Plant Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2015, pp. 272-278.
Yaklich, R. W., B. Vinyard, M. Camp and S. Douglass. 2002. Analysis of seed protein and oil from soybean northern and southern region uniform tests. Crop Science. 42: 1504-1515.
Abdulrahman, F. S. and G. S. Williams. 1981. Temperature and salinity regulation of growth and gas exchange of Salicornia fruticosa (L). Oecologia. 48: 1981.
Karim, M. A., E. Nawata and S. Shigenaga. 1993.Effects of salinity and water stress on growth, yield and physiological characteristics in hexaploid triticale. Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 37: 46-52.
Orcutt, M. D. and E. T. Nilsen. 2000. Salinity Stress. In: The Physiology of plants under stresss, pp. 177-234. John Wiley and Sons Inc New York.
Blum, A. 1988.Salinity resistance. In: Plant Breeding for Stress Environments. CRC Press, Florida. pp. 163-179.
Greenway, H. and R. Munns. 1980. Mechanisms of salt tolerance in nonhalophytes. Annual Review of Plant Physiology. 31: 149-190.
Karim, M. A., E. Nawata and S. Shigenaga. 1992. Dry matter production and distribution of mineral ions in different parts of the plant in hexaploid triticale. Japanese Journal of Crop Science. 61: 439-446.
Tester, M. and R. Davenport. 2003. Na resistance and Na transport in higher plants. Annals of Botany. 91: 1-25.
Costa, R. C. L. 1999. Nitrogen assimilation and osmotic adjustment in nodulated plants of bean (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) under water stress. PhD Thesis, Universidade Federal do Ceara. Brasil.
Martinez, J. P., S. Lutts, A. Schanck, M. Bajji and J. M. Kinet. 2004. Is osmotic adjustment required for water stress resistance in the Mediterranean shrub Atriplex halimus L. Plant Physiology. 161: 1041-1051.
Cachorro, P., R. Martinez, A. Ortiz and A. Cerda. 1995. Abscisic acid and osmotic relations in Phaseolus vulgaris L under saline conditions. Plant Science. 95: 29-32.
Premachandra, G. S., H. Saneokaand S. Ogata. 1990. Cell membrane stability, an indicator of drought tolerance, as affected by applied nitrogen in soybean. Journal Agricultural Science. 115: 63-66.
Mousa, H. R. and S. M. Abdel-Aziz. 2008. Comparative response of drought tolerant and drought sensitive maize genotypes to water stress. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 1: 31-36.
Ashraf, M. and M. R. Foolad. 2007. Role of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 59: 206-216.
Cha-um, S. and C. Kirdmanee. 2009. Proline accumulation, photosynthetic abilities and growth characters of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L) plantlets in response to ıso-osmotic salt and water-deficit stress. Agricultural Sciences in China. 8: 51-58.
Khan, M. S. A., M. A. Karim and M. M. Haque. 2014. Genotypic differences in growth and ions accumulation in soybean under NaCl salinity and water stress conditions. Bangladesh Agronomy Journal. 17: 47-58.
Tyree, M. T. and H. T. Hammel. 1972. The measurement of the turgor pressure and the water relation of plants by the pressure bomb technique. Journal of Experimental Botany. 23: 267-282.
Troll, W. and J. Lindsey. 1955. A photometric method for the determination of proline. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 215: 655-660.
Omami, E. N. and P. S. Hammes. 2006. Interactive effects of salinity and water stress on growth, leaf water relations, and gas exchange in amaranth (Amaranthus spp). New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science. 34: 33-44.
Mannan, M. A., M. A. Karim, M. M. Haque, Q. A. Khaliq, H. Higuchi and E. Nawata. 2013. Response of soybean to salinity: III. Water status and accumulation of mineral ions. Tropical Agriculture and Development. 57: 41-48.
Choudhury, A. K. 2009. Water stress tolerance of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L). PhD Dissertation. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh.
Kabir, M. E., A. Hamid,, M. M. Haque, E. Nawataand M. A. Karim. 2005. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on salinity tolerance of mungbean (Vigna radiate L Wilczek). Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 49: 119-125.
Kusvuran, S. 2012. Effects of and salt stresses on growth, stomatal conductance, leaf water and osmotic potentials of melon genotypes (Cucumis melo L). African Journal of Agricultural Research. 7: 775-781.
Pierre, C. S., J. Crossa, Y. Manes and M. P. Reynolds. 2010. Gene action of canopy temperature in bread wheat under diverse environments. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 120: 1107-1117.
Baimey, H. and M. Wopereis. 2010. Drought resistance in an interspecific backcross population of rice (Oryza spp.) derived from the cross WAB56-104 (O. sativa) x CG14 (O. glaberrima). Plant Science. 179: 364-373.
Baker, J. T., D. C. Gitz, P. Payton, D. F. Wanjura and D. R. Upchurch. 2007. Using leaf gas exchange to quantify drought in cotton irrigated based on canopy temperature measurements. Agronomy Journal. 99: 637-644.
Halim, R. A., D. R. Buxton, M. J. Hattendorfand R. E. Carison. 1990. Crop water stress index and forage quality relationships in alfalfa. Agronomy Journal. 82: 906-909.
Mohammadian, R., F. R. Khoyi, H. M. Rahimian Moghaddam, K. Ghassemi-Golezani,and S. Y. Sadeghian. 2001. The effects of early season drought on stomatal conductance, leaf-air temperature difference and praline accumulation in sugar beet genotypes. Journal of Agricultural Science Technology. 3: 181-192.
Azevedo, Neto A., J. T. Prisco, J. E. Filho, C. F. Lacerda, J. V. Silva, P. H. Costa and E. G. Filho. 2004. Effects of salt stress on plant growth, stomatal response and solute accumulation of different maize genotypes. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology. 16: 31-38.
Mahmud, A. A. 2012. Development of drought tolerant potato variety. Ph.D. Dissertation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh.
Sangakkara, U. R., U. A. Hartwig and J. Nosberger. 1996. Responses of root branching and shoot water potentials of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L) of soil moisture and fertilizer potassium. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 177: 165-173.
Munns, R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant Cell Environment. 25: 239-250.
Siddique, M. R. B., A. Hamid and M. S. Islam. 2001. Drought stress effects on water relations of wheat. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica. 41: 35-39.
Schonfeld, M. A., R. C. Johnson, B. F. Carver and D. W. Mornhinweg. 1988. Water relations in winter wheat as drought resistance indicators. Crop Science. 28: 526-531.
Lilley, J. M. and M. M. Ludlow. 1996. Expression of osmotic adjustment and dehydration tolerance in diverse rice lines. Field Crops Research. 48: 185-197.
Anyia, A. O. and H. Herzog. 2004. Genotypic variability in drought performance and recovery in cowpea under controlled environment. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 190: 151-159.
Xu, Z. and G. Zhou. 2008. Responses of leaf stomatal density to water status and its relationship with photosynthesis in a grass. Journal of Experimental Botany. 59: 3317-3325.
Echevarrıa-Zomeno, S., D. Arıza, I. Jorge, C. Lenz, N. A. Jesusvjorrı and R. Navarro. 2009. Changes ın the protein profile of Quercus ılex leaves in response to drought stress and recovery. Journal of Plant Physiology. 166: 233-245.
White, J. W. and J. Izquierdo. 1993. Physiology of yield potential and stress tolerance. A.V. Schoonhoven and O. Voysest (eds),Common beans. pp. 287-382.
Cattivelli, L., F. Rizza, F. W. Badeck, E. Mazzucotelli, A. M. Mastrangelo, E. Francia, C. Mare, A. Tondelliand A. M. Stanca. 2008. Drought tolerance improvement in crop plants: an integrative view from breeding to genomics. Field Crop Research. 105: 1–14.
Vendruscolo, E. C. G., I. Schuster, M. Pileggi, C. A. Scapim, H. B. C. Molinari, C. J. Marur and L. G. E. Vieira. 2007. Stress-induced synthesis of proline confers tolerance to water deficit in transgenic wheat. Journal of Plant Physiology. 164: 1367-1376.
Singh, D. K., P. W. G. Sale, C. K. Pallaghy and V. Singh. 2000. Role of proline and leaf expansion rate in the recovery of stressed white clover leaves with increased phosphorus concentration. New Phytologist. 146: 261-269.
Watanabe, S., K. Kojima, Y. Ide and S. Satohiko. 2000. Effects of saline and osmotic stress on proline and sugar accumulation in Populus euphratica in vitro. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ culture. 63:199-206.
Saruhan, N., R. Terzi and A. Kadioglu. 2006. The effects of exogenous polyamines on some biochemical changes during drought stress in Ctenanthe setosa. Acta Biologica Hungarica. 57: 221-229.
Khawale, R. N., S. K. Singh, V. S. Patel and S. P. Singh. 2003. Changes due to in vitro sodium chloride induced salinity in grape (Vitis vinifera L.). Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 28: 378-382.