Advantages of Intercropping Soybean with Maize Under Two Maize Plant Distributions and Three Mineral Nitrogen Fertilizer Rates
Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages: 30-48
Received: Aug. 1, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 15, 2015; Published: Aug. 26, 2015
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Authors
Moshira Ahmed El-Shamy, Crop Intensification Research Department, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Tamer Ibrahim Abdel-Wahab, Crop Intensification Research Department, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Sherif Ibrahim Abdel-Wahab, Crop Intensification Research Department, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Samuel Berty Ragheb, Food Legumes Research Department, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
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Abstract
The advent of further bioengineering for growing soybean with maize holds only promise for the future of the crop intensification field. The present research studied responses of maize crop and its yield attributes to decrease mineral nitrogen (N) inputs by growing soybean with two maize plant distributions under three cropping systems. Local maize variety T.W.C. 310 was grown under intercropping and sole cultures in one row/ridge in one and two plants/hill spaced at 30 and 60cm, respectively, that received three mineral N fertilizer rates (4, 5 and 6 g N/plant), while local variety of soybean seeds Giza 82 were drilled in two rows/ridge. A split – split – plot design with three replications was used. Light intensity with in maize canopy, ear leaf N and indole acetic acid (IAA) contents were affected by all the studied factors. Mixed pattern increased grain yields per plant and per ha by 1.56 and 3.98 %, respectively, in comparison with sole culture in addition to yielding 1.74 ton/ha of soybean. Increasing number of plants from one to two plants/hill by increasing plant spacing from 30 to 60 cm increased grain yields per plant and per ha. There were no significant differences between the medium and the highest mineral N fertilizer rates for all the studied traits. Soybean improved N use efficiency (NUE) for maize plant of mixed pattern. The mixed pattern had a total yield increase of 29.79 % than sole maize. Growing soybean on both sides of maize ridge that distributed to two plants/hill spaced at 60 cm decreased 47.6 kg N/ha of the recommended mineral N rate of maize plants which formed the best bioengineered treatment under Egyptian conditions.
Keywords
Bioengineering, Soybean, Maize Plant Distributions, Mineral N Fertilizer, IAA, NUE
To cite this article
Moshira Ahmed El-Shamy, Tamer Ibrahim Abdel-Wahab, Sherif Ibrahim Abdel-Wahab, Samuel Berty Ragheb, Advantages of Intercropping Soybean with Maize Under Two Maize Plant Distributions and Three Mineral Nitrogen Fertilizer Rates, Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 30-48. doi: 10.11648/j.abb.20150304.11
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