Synthesis, Characterization and Permofarmance Activity of Metal Soap of Calcium, Cobalt, Iron and Copper from Palm Kernel Oil as a Drier in Paint
Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 85-90
Received: Oct. 21, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 12, 2016; Published: Dec. 6, 2016
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Eluchie Nene Pearl, Biotechnology and Energy Research, Ministry of Science and Technology, Umuahia, Nigeria
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The behavior of Palm Kernel Oil was saponified by potassium hydroxide to form soluble soap which was later reacted with solutions of copper, cobalt, Iron and calcium to produce the metal soaps which were used as drier in coating mixture (Paint). The performance of these metal soaps has been studied. The effect of environmental and corrosive factors on paints was also studied. From the study, the formulated paint samples using metal soap had low specific gravity (1.45-1.47). This is an indication that more metal soap can be incorporated into the paint. Full hardness of paint samples was within the range (0.38-0.41mm) which implies that the samples will have high tolerance to anti-corrosive coating. The paints showed strong adhesion properties that are capable to withstand abrasive and corrosive agents. Also when exposed to surfaces like paper and glass, the exhibited strong adaptability without rust. Considering the drying time of coating mixture (paints) containing metal soaps showed increased oxidizing activity of drier and shortened drying time. The progress of the formulated metal soap paint reaction on storage was monitored and confirmed using physical methods. The high performance of the paints prepared from metal soap is good evidence to justify their utilization as driers in the surface coat industry.
Palm Kernel Oil, Metal Soap, Saponification, Driers, Synthesis, Metal Soap Paint
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Eluchie Nene Pearl, Synthesis, Characterization and Permofarmance Activity of Metal Soap of Calcium, Cobalt, Iron and Copper from Palm Kernel Oil as a Drier in Paint, Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 85-90. doi: 10.11648/
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