Phytochemical Screening, Proximate Analysis and Anti-Oxidant Activities of Ripe and Unripe Plantain Powder of Musa paradisiaca and Musa accuminata
American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 87-90
Received: Sep. 3, 2015;
Accepted: Oct. 13, 2015;
Published: Oct. 24, 2015
Views 4056 Downloads 147
Uzama Danlami, Chemistry Advanced Laboratory, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria
John Joseph Ijoh, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Benue state University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Bwai Machan David, Chemistry Advanced Laboratory, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria
Follow on us
The objective of the research work was to compare the phytochemical constituents, macronutrients and the antioxidant activities of two species of the unripe and ripe methanolic extracts of Musa paradisiaca and Musa accuminata flour. The phytochemical screening was carried out using standard procedures, while the radical scavenging ability was carried out using the stable radical 1,1-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). The phytochemical screening revealed that the unripe M. Paradisiaca powder contains steroids, terpenoids and saponins, whereas the ripe M. Paradisiaca powder contains volatile oil, while both the ripe and unripe M. Paradisiaca contain triterpenoids, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, alkaloids and carbohydrates. The ripe M. accuminata powder contains steroids, terpenoids, glycosides and balsams, while the unripe M. accuminata does not contain any of these but both the ripe and unripe M. accuminata powder contain triterpenoids, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, alkaloids, carbohydrates and saponins. The proximate composition (%) of the plantain powder are; (2.38) ash, (8.40) moisture, (0.64) crude protein, (0.77) crude fibre, (0.14) crude lipid, and (87.67) carbohydrate for the unripe powder of M. paradisiaca. (2.30) ash, (9.97) moisture, (0.55) crude protein, (1.00) crude lipid and (86.02) carbohydrate for the ripe powder. While, (3.23) ash, (10.97) moisture, (0.74) crude protein, (1.57) crude fibre, (0.16) crude lipid and (84.90) carbohydrate were obtained for the unripe powder of M. accuminata. The ripe powder has (3.36) ash, (12.15) moisture, (1.08) crude protein, (1.87) crude fibre, (0.15) crude lipid and (81.39) carbohydrate. The unripe powder of Musa paradisiaca shows more scavenging activity on DPPH radical than the unripe powder of Musa accuminata.
Musa paradisiaca, Musa accuminata, Antioxidant, Phytochemical Sreening, Proximate Composition, Methanolic Extract, Diphenylpicrylhydrazyl
To cite this article
John Joseph Ijoh,
Bwai Machan David,
Phytochemical Screening, Proximate Analysis and Anti-Oxidant Activities of Ripe and Unripe Plantain Powder of Musa paradisiaca and Musa accuminata, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2015, pp. 87-90.
Egbebi A O and Bademosi T A. Chemical composition of ripe and unripe banana and plantain. Intern. J. of Tropical Med. and Public Health.2011; 3(2): 18 – 22.
Halverston Z L. Criterial of wheat quality. In: Pomeranz J (Ed.) Wheat cheminstry and Technology. AACC. St. Paul, MN, 1971; 5 – 9.
Uzama D, Bwai M D, Orijajojun O J, Olajide O and Thomas S A. The antioxidant potentials and phytochemical properties of the hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanolic extract of Securinega virosa (Euphorbiacene) leaves. J App Pharm Sci. 2013; 3(5): 131 - 133.
Mondon P, Le clereq L and Lintner K. Evaluation of free radical scavenging effect of helianthus annuus extract using new ex vivo striping methods. Cosmetic Aerosols and Australia 1999; 12(4): 87-89.
Uzama D. Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of Guava (Psidium guajava L) Crude extract. Bio Env. Sc. J. Trop. 2009; 6(4): 139-142.
Sofowora A. Screening plants for bioactive agents. In: Medicinal plants and traditional medicinal in Africa. 2nd Edition. Spectrum books Ltd. Ibadan, Nigeria. 1993; pp 134-156.
Udo E J and Ogunwale J A. Lab. Manual for the analysis of soil, plant and water samples. 2nd ed. Uni. Press Plc.1986; pp 147-150.
Official method of analysis of AOAC international, 1990; 16th edition volume ll.