Prevalence and Socio-environmental Predictors of Cryptosporidiosis in Kebbi State, Nigeria
American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 149-157
Received: Nov. 6, 2015; Accepted: Nov. 19, 2015; Published: Dec. 14, 2015
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Danladi Yusuf Kanya, Department of Zoology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
Ugbomoiko Uade Samuel, Department of Zoology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
Babamale Olarewaju Abdulkareem, Department of Zoology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
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A cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and socio-environmental factors associated with cryptosporidiosis was carried out between January to December 2012 in two communities in Kebbi state, Nigeria. Faecal specimen was collected from each participant and structured questionnaire applied. Samples were examined for Cryptosporidium by formal-ether concentration and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique. A total of 2100 participants were tested, 290(13.8%) were infected with Cryptosporidium. Logistic regression analysis indicates that, in Aliero, infection was associated with: Presence younger children (Odds Ratio=1.889, P-value <0.0001, 95% Confidence Interval= 1.568-2.274), Regular hands washing (OR=0.399, P<0.0001, 95% CI=0.283-0.535), Presence of diarrhoea (OR= 2.66, P<0.0001, 95% CI= 1.733-4.100), While in Zuru, the infection was predicted by: Younger age group (OR=1.283, P= 0.004, 95% CI=1.085-1.520), Married status (OR=2.463, P=0.028, 95%CI=1.100-5.513), Lack of formal education (OR=2.993, P<0.0001,95% CI=1.872-4.786) and Farming occupation (OR=1.392, P=0.002, 95% CI=1.135-1.703). It was concluded that unhygienic behavioral variables, certain environmental and socio-demographic factors predicted the presence of cryptosporidiosis in the area. Sustainable intervention should include basic health education, access to clean water and adequate sanitation.
Cryptosporidiosis, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Kebbi State
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Danladi Yusuf Kanya, Ugbomoiko Uade Samuel, Babamale Olarewaju Abdulkareem, Prevalence and Socio-environmental Predictors of Cryptosporidiosis in Kebbi State, Nigeria, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 149-157. doi: 10.11648/
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