Synergistic Effect of Low Doses of X-rays and Biobras-16 on Yield and Its Components in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Plants
American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 197-202
Received: Dec. 24, 2015; Published: Dec. 30, 2015
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Authors
Yanelis Camejo Serrano, Direction of environmental research , Agricultural Research Institute “Jorge Dimitrov”, Bayamo, Granma, Cuba
Ramiro Ramírez Fernández, Direction of environmental research , Agricultural Research Institute “Jorge Dimitrov”, Bayamo, Granma, Cuba
Franklin Rivera Pineda, Division of Sustainable Development, Intercultural University of Mexico State, San Felipe, Mexico State, Mexico
Lilita T. Sueiro Pelegrin, Direction of environmental research , Agricultural Research Institute “Jorge Dimitrov”, Bayamo, Granma, Cuba
Dagoberto García Fernández, Direction of environmental research , Agricultural Research Institute “Jorge Dimitrov”, Bayamo, Granma, Cuba
María Caridad González Cepero, Department of Genetic, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, San José de las Lajas, Mayabeque, Cuba
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Abstract
In Cuba the low tomato crop yield lead to the search for new alternatives to sustainably increase yields. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the synergistic effect of low doses of X-rays and Biobras-16 on the increased yield and its components in tomato plants as well as select the optimal combination for use in agriculture. Fresh seeds of the variety of tomato var. Vyta, were exposed to single and combined treatment with X-ray dose of 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 Gy and Biobras-16 in concentrations of 0.5; 1.0; 1.5 and 2.0 mg.L-1. The experiments were conducted during the months of October to January 2007-2010. The results showed that the combination of 20 and 25 Gy dose of X-rays and 1.5 and 2.0 mg.L-1 Biobras-16 caused a stimulating effect on yield and its components in tomato plants. Also, in this investigation was determined that the optimal treatment to achieve a synergistic effect on yield per plant was 30 Gy + 2.0 mg.L-1, which induced increases in yield and its components. Our results suggested that low doses of x-rays and Biobras- 16 have the potential to improve crop productivity of tomato plants through the improvement of plant yield and yield components.
Keywords
Radiation, Radiostimulation, Brasinoesteroids
To cite this article
Yanelis Camejo Serrano, Ramiro Ramírez Fernández, Franklin Rivera Pineda, Lilita T. Sueiro Pelegrin, Dagoberto García Fernández, María Caridad González Cepero, Synergistic Effect of Low Doses of X-rays and Biobras-16 on Yield and Its Components in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Plants, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 197-202. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20150306.18
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