Detection of Fungal Metabolites from Bakanae Diseased Plants and Their Relationship with Bakanae Disease Symptoms Expression
American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 77-89
Received: Nov. 28, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 23, 2016; Published: Jan. 17, 2017
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S. A. J. Quazi, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute and Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
M. Sariah, Department of Plant Protection, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
Zainal Abidin B. M. Ahmad, Department of Plant Protection, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
J. Hawa, Department of Crop Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
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Amount of fungal metabolites present in diseased plants and their consequences in bakanae disease development were determined. Metabolites fusaric acid (FA), fumonisin (FB1), moniliformin (MON) and beauvericin (BEA) were isolated and quantified using HPLC analysis from rice plants infected with Fusarium proliferatum. Higher amount of moniliformin was detected from stem part (550 ng/g fresh wt.) as well as from whole plants (112.8 ng/g fresh wt.) in susceptible of MR 211 at disease score level 5. But moniliformin was not detected in inoculated resistant variety BR3. The level of FA was progressed from disease score 1 to disease score 5 that made plants to stunting/ceased growth. Among the four fungal metabolites, MON and FA had found positive relationship with bakanae disease symptoms development. This paper will be helpful for understanding the relationship between fungal metabolites in bakanae disease development in susceptible rice plants. Theknowledge of this research will be also implied on other fungal diseases for which fungi are capable to produce metabolites in infected plants.
Fusarium Proliferatum, Bakanae, Fungal Metabolites, Symptoms Expression, Susceptible Rice Plants
To cite this article
S. A. J. Quazi, M. Sariah, Zainal Abidin B. M. Ahmad, J. Hawa, Detection of Fungal Metabolites from Bakanae Diseased Plants and Their Relationship with Bakanae Disease Symptoms Expression, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 77-89. doi: 10.11648/
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