The Significance and Implications of Pesticide Residue on Fruits and Vegetables in Ethiopia: An Overview
American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume 7, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 71-81
Received: May 29, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 9, 2019; Published: Dec. 18, 2019
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Authors
Mekuria Wolde, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing, China; Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Solomon Abirdew, Department of Natural Resource Management, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Crop protection is an essential component of fruit and vegetable production in Ethiopia. Farmers utilize various protection strategies and methods to minimize the level of damage by pests, but among protection strategies pesticide application is the predominant method. There is high dependency of farmers on pesticide control of pests in fruits and vegetable production. Pesticide application encourages farmers to rely more on pesticides than on other pest control methods because of quick results obtained. This will result in accumulation of pesticide residues on the crops. Pesticide residue refers to pesticides that may remain on or in food after they are applied to food crops. Hence pesticide residue includes the pesticide that is remained in the sprayed produce such as fruits and vegetables and bioaccumulation in animals and products such as fish, meat, eggs and dairy. Pesticides used on fruits and vegetables leave residues on the exposed crops which expose human beings to adverse health effects. The continuous use of pesticides in fruits and vegetables as practiced by farmer’s poses a health risk to consumers and may lead to higher pesticide residues. Organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides which are the most hazardous and banned chemical groups are still in use in Ethiopia. Good pesticide monitoring and program to evaluate consumer risk for the Ethiopian people is mandatory.
Keywords
Pesticide Residue, Health Risk, Fruits and Vegetables, Pesticide Persistence
To cite this article
Mekuria Wolde, Solomon Abirdew, The Significance and Implications of Pesticide Residue on Fruits and Vegetables in Ethiopia: An Overview, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 71-81. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20190706.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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