Municipal Solid Waste Characterization and It Is Assessment for Potential Compost Production: A Case Study in Zanjan City, Iran
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 39-44
Received: Feb. 20, 2014; Published: Mar. 20, 2014
Views 3683      Downloads 283
Authors
Habib Fathi, Academic center for Education, Culture and Research, Environmental Research Instituterasht, Iran
Abdolhossinpari Zangane, Zanjan University Department of chemistry Zanjan, Iran
Hamed Fathi, Department of soil Sciences, college of Agriculture, Gorgan University of agriculture sciences and Natural resources Gorgan, Iran
hossein moradi, Higher educational complex of saravan, Iran
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
The increasing amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) generations and their improper disposal have great social costs, and is an issue of increasing concern. There are strict mandatory targets in many nations to reduce the amount of MSW entering the landfill. At present, the source reducing, recycling, reusing, waste combusting, and also composting the MSW are the major strategies which are being advised spread across the world. Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) practices in Zanjan, a city with population of about 350,000 persons, are generating about 300 tons of MSW daily those are consisting of the collection, transportation and land filling of the wastes. The wastes are not recycled and composted but just mainly land filled. Therefore, this research is conducted to study the generation, characterization and management strategies of solid wastes in Zanjan city. The samplings of MSW were performed in all four seasons during 2010 and the contents of its main components are determined. The qualitative and quantitative results indicated that the composting of MSW is feasible and can be adopted as a proper MSWM approach in the studied area. Recycling of paper, plastic and glass along with composting of MSW are highly recommended.
Keywords
Municipal Solid Waste Management, Composting, Recycling, Zanjan, Solid Waste
To cite this article
Habib Fathi, Abdolhossinpari Zangane, Hamed Fathi, hossein moradi, Municipal Solid Waste Characterization and It Is Assessment for Potential Compost Production: A Case Study in Zanjan City, Iran, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 39-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20140202.14
References
[1]
Abbasi FM, Ahmad H, Perveen F, Inamullah, Sajid M, Brar DS 2010.Assesment of genomic relationship between Oryza sativa andOryzaaustraliensis. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 9(12): 1312-1316.
[2]
Abdoli MA, 1995. Solid waste management in Tehran. Waste Management and Research. 13: 519–531.
[3]
Ahsan N, 1999. Solid waste management plan for Indian megacities.Environmental Protection. 19 (2): 90–95.
[4]
APHA (American Public Health Association), AWWA (American Water Works Association), and WEF (Water Environmental Federation), Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water, 20th Ed, APHA, Washington DC, 1998.
[5]
Aydin GA, and Kocasoy G, 2004.Significance of Source Separation and Composting of Wastes of Istanbul: From Theory To Practice. Paper Presented at the ISWA World Congress. Rome. October 17–21.
[6]
Damghani A M, 2008. Municipal solid waste management in Tehran: current practices, opportunities and challenges. Waste Management. 28: 929-934.
[7]
El-Salam, M. M. A. (2013).Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science, 2(3), 131-140.
[8]
Farrell.M and Jones.DL, 2009.Critical evaluation of municipal solid waste composting and potential compost markets.Bioresource Technology.100: 4301- 4310.
[9]
Hubbe, M. A., Nazhad, M., & Sánchez, C. (2010).Composting as a way to convert cellulosic biomass and organic waste into high-value soil amendments: A review.BioResources, 5(4), 2808-2854.
[10]
Jha, A. K., Li, J., Nies, L., & Zhang, L. (2013). Research advances in dry anaerobic digestion process of solid organic wastes. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(64), 14242-14253.
[11]
Jilani S, 2007. Municipal solid waste composting and its assessment for reuse in plant production.Pakistan Journal of Botany. 39: 271-277.
[12]
Jin J, 2006.Solid waste management in Macao: practices and challenges. Waste Management . 26: 1045-1051.
[13]
Kinman1987. Sanitary landfill disposal of urban SW. In: Workshop on SWM. New Delhi. Jan 16-17.
[14]
Kumar Kaushal, R., Varghese, G. K., &Chabukdhara, M. (2012).Municipal Solid Waste Management in India-Current State and Future Challenges: A Review.International Journal of Engineering Science & Technology, 4(4).
[15]
Mari I, 2005. Use of sulfur to control pH in composts derived from olive processing by-products. Compost Sci.Util.13: 281-287.
[16]
Mbuligwe S. and Kassenga G, 2005. Feasibility and strategies for anaerobic digestion of solid waste for energy production in Dar-es-Salaam city Tanzania. Resources Conservation & Recycling. 42: 183-203.
[17]
Metin, E, ErÖztÜrk, 2003. Solid waste management practices and review of recovery and recycling operations in Turkey. Waste Management 23, pp. 425-432.
[18]
Miller FC, 1992.Composting as a Process Based on the Control of Ecologically Selective Factors. In: Meting, F.B., Jr.(Ed), Soil Microbial Ecology, Applications in Agricultural and Environmental Management. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, pp. 515-544.
[19]
MoghadamMR and Mokhtarani B, 2009. Municipal solid waste management in Rasht city. Iran. Waste Management .29: 485-489.
[20]
Mor S, 2006. Municipal solid waste characterization and its assessment for potential methane generation: a case study. Total Environment. 371 (1): 1–10.
[21]
NareshKumar K, 2009. Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and a proposed management plan for Kharagpur,West Bengal, India. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 53:166–174.
[22]
Raje D V, 2001.An approach to assess level of satisfaction of the residents in relation to SWM system. Waste Management and Research. 19: 12–19.
[23]
Sharholy.M, 2008.Municipal solid waste management in Indian cities– A review.Waste Management. 28: 459–467.
[24]
Sharma VK, 1997. Processing of urban and agro-industrial residues by aerobic composting: Review.Energy convers. 38: 453-478.
[25]
Siddiqui T, 2006.Sustainable development through integrated municipal solid waste management (MSWM) approach – a case study of Aligarh District. Paper presented at the National Conference of Advanced in Mechanical Engineering. New Delhi. India. AIME
[26]
Vesilind P. A.,WorrellW. A., Reinhart DR, 2003.Solid waste engineering. Singapore: Thomson Asia Pvt. Ltd.,
[27]
Ziaee, S., Omrani, G., Agha, M. M. A., &Mansouri, N. (2012).Qualitative and Quantitative Examination of Household Hazardous Waste in Tehran. Advances in Environmental Biology, 6(2), 676-683.
[28]
ZucconiF, 1987. Compost Specification for the Production and Characterization of Compost from Municipal Solid Waste, In: Compost Production, Quality and the use.(Eds): M.de. Bestoldi, M.P.Ferranti, P.L., Hermite and F. Zucconi. Elsevier Applied Science Publishing Co., Inc., New York,
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186