Performance Evaluation of New Zealand White Rabbits Fed Alchornea cordifolia Leaf Meal as Replacement for Soya Bean Meal
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 51-54
Received: Mar. 6, 2014;
Accepted: Apr. 8, 2014;
Published: Apr. 10, 2014
Views 2869 Downloads 168
Philip Cheriose Nzien Alikwe, Biochemistry/Biotechnology Research Unit, Animal Science Department, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State
Elijah Ige Ohimain, Agricultural and Veterinary Microbiology Research Unit, Biological Sciences Department, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State
Amos Ebiowei Kester, Biochemistry/Biotechnology Research Unit, Animal Science Department, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State
The Twenty-four weaned rabbits were fed graded levels of Alchornea cordifolia leaf meal (ACLM) at different inclusion levels in the diet. A control (0%ACLM) and three other diets containing different levels of ACLM ( 5%, 10% and 15%) as partial replacement for soya bean meal in the diet were fed for six weeks with the aim of evaluating the effects of ACLM on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of the rabbits. The study revealed a decrease in the growth rate with the highest level of inclusion i.e treatment D (15%ACLM). The highest mean weight gain of 1.36±0.04kg and feed intake of 131.94±7g were recorded in treatment C (10% ACLM inclusion in the diet) and the lowest mean weight gain of 1.14±0.04kg was recorded in the treatment A (0% ACLM) and the lowest feed intake of 94.44±10g was recorded in the treatment D. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in feed conversion ratio (FCR) across the treatment groups. Carcass characteristics showed that live weight of rabbits fed 15% ACLM diet was lower (P<0.05) than other experimental diets with lower percentage of ACLM which implies that 15% ACLM diet possibly depressed the final weight of the experimental rabbits . This could be attributed to the higher percentage of the anti-nutritional factors in ACLM in treatment D which has been implicated for reduced weight gain. This study concluded that the use of ACLM may be recommended as protein source for rabbits but at 5-10% inclusion levels.
Philip Cheriose Nzien Alikwe,
Elijah Ige Ohimain,
Amos Ebiowei Kester,
Performance Evaluation of New Zealand White Rabbits Fed Alchornea cordifolia Leaf Meal as Replacement for Soya Bean Meal, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2014, pp. 51-54.
S. A. Majgandi, and I. F. Ngang, Performance of rabbit fed varying levels of calabash seed cake. Journal of Agriculture and Environment 2002, pp. 201 – 208.
S. K. Das, and K. M. Bujarbaru, Carcass Trait of Rabbits, Organoloeptic properties and consumption pattern of rabbit meat in the North Eastern Hill Region of India. Pan-American Rabbit Sci. Newsletter 2005, pp. 39-43.
F. Lebas, P. Coudert, R. Rouvier and H. de Rochambeau, The Rabbit-Husbandary, Health and Production. FAO, Rome, 1986.
J. Adrian, G. Legrand and R. Frangne, Dictionaire de biochimie elmimentaire et de nutrition. Paris, France. Technique et Documentation, 1981.
O.M. Daudu M,Orunmuyi and G.E. Joktham, Use of non conventional feeds: potentials and constraints for rabbit production in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 34th Annual conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production (NSAP).March 15th -18th , University of Uyo, Uyo,. Nigeria, (2009) page 198-201
S.N. Wekhe, and C. O Njoku, Preliminary investigations of the effect of Alchoria cordijolia on weight gain and organ size of broilers. Proc. 5th annual conf. of ASAN, Sept. 19-23, 2000. Port Harcourt. pp. 56-58.
B. Oliver, Medical Plant in Nigeria. Nigerian College of Arts. Science and Technology Vol. 1, 1960, pp. 138.
B. Oliver – Bever. Medical Plants in Tropical West Africa. Cambridge University Press, London. 1986, pp. 115.
P. C. N. Alikwe, and O. J. Owen, Evaluation Of The Chemical And Phytochemical Constituents Of Alchornea Cordifolia Leaf Meal As Potential Feed For Monogastric Livestock African Journal of Food Agriculture Nutrition and Development 2013, in press.
A. O. Aduku and J. O. Olukosi,Rabbit Management in the Tropics Living Books Series. GU Publications, Abuja, Nigeria. Vol. 1, 1990, pp. 33-34.
A. M. Bamgbose, M. Abimbola, W. A Olayemi, A. O. Osofowora, A. O. Oso, and O. T. Ojo, Performance of weaner rabbits fed supplemented Tridax procumbens.. Proc. 7th Anun. Conf. Anim. Sci. Ass. of Nig. (ASAN). In: Fanimo, OA (eds). September 16-19, 2002, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. Nigeria.