Yield and Pomological Characteristics of Three Pomegranate (Punica granatum L) Cultivars: Wonderful, Acco and Herskovitz
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 61-65
Accepted: Apr. 18, 2014;
Published: Apr. 30, 2014
Views 3561 Downloads 460
Serhat Usanmaz, European University of Lefke, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, Cyprus, Mersin 10 Turkey
İbrahim Kahramanoğlu, European University of Lefke, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, Cyprus, Mersin 10 Turkey ; Alnar Pomegranates Ltd., Ataturk Ave. 109/1 Guzelyurt, Cyprus, Mersin 10 Turkey
Nihat Yılmaz, Erciyes Üniversitesi, Safiye Cıkrıkcıoglu Vocational College, Kayseri, Turkey
Pomegranate fruit has been associated with a high level of nutrients and many health benefits. This study evaluated the yield and pomological characteristics of three pomegranate cultivars: Wonderful, Acco and Herskovitz grown in Cyprus conditions. Researches performed by collecting data from 17 pomegranate orchards between 2011 (4 years old) and 2012 (5 years old). Yield (kg/tree) was determined according to total harvest. Ten samples were randomly selected from each orchard and each cultivar to determine average fruit weight, number of arils per fruit, fruit width and height, aril per cent, juice per cent and total soluble solids. Results indicated that the Wonderful cultivar had the highest fruit weight and second highest yield (481.12 g/fruit and 14.17 kg/tree). The second highest fruit weight was obtained from Herskovitz which had the highest yield (431.04 g/fruit and 15.44 kg/tree). The lowest fruit weight and yield obtained from Acco (350.31 g/fruit and 11.43 kg/tree). Acco had highest juice content followed by Wonderful and Herskovitz (40.22% > 35.60% > 29.42%). Wonderful had the highest juice content (5.05 l/tree). Juice content per tree for Acco and Herskovitz were determined 4.58 l and 4.53 l, respectively.
Yield and Pomological Characteristics of Three Pomegranate (Punica granatum L) Cultivars: Wonderful, Acco and Herskovitz, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2014, pp. 61-65.
C. Lye, “Pomegranate: preliminary assessment of the potential for an Australian industry” Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation of Australian Government. RIRDC Publication No 08/153, 2008, 17p.
D., Chatterjee and G. S. Randhawa, “Standardized names of cultivated plants in India. 1. Fruits”. Indian J. Hort. Vol. 9, 1952, pp.24-36.
C. Yılmaz, “Nar” Hasad Yayıncılık, 2007, 190p.
J. Morton, “Pomegranate”. In: Fruits of warm climates. Miami, F, L. 1987, pp. 352–355.
D. Holland, K. Hatip and I. Bar-Ya’akov, “Pomegranate: Botany, Horticulture and Breeding”, Horticultural Reviews, Volume, 35, Edited by Jules Janick, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 2009, pp.127-191.
J. M. T. Jurenka, “Therapeutic Applications of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.): A Review”, Alternative Medicine Review Vol. 13, No. 2, 2008, pp.128-144.
M. I. Gil, F. A. Tomas-Barberan, B. Hess-Pierce, D.M. Holcroft and A. A. Kader, “Antioxidant activity of pomegranate juice and its relationship with phenolic composition and processing”, J. Agric. Food Chem. Vol. 48, 2000, pp.4581-4589.
M. Aviram and L. Dornfeld, “Pomegranate juice consumption inhibits serum angiotensin converting enzyme activity and reduces systolic blood pressure”, Atherosclerosis Vol. 158, 2001, pp.195-198.
E. P. Lansky, W. Jiang, H. Mo, L. Bravo, P. Froom, W. Yu, N.M. Harris, I. Neeman and M.J. Campbell, “Possible synergistic prostate cancer suppression by anatomically discrete pomegranate fractions”, Invest New Drug, Vol. 23, 2005, pp.11-20.
M. Haidari, M. Ali, S.W. Casscells and M. Madjid, “Pomegranate (Punica granatum) purified polyphenol extract inhibits influenza virus and has a synergistic effect with oseltamivir”, Phytomedicine, Vol. 16, No. 12, 2009, pp.1127-36.
G. Turk, M. Sonmez, M. Aydin, A. Yuce, S. Gur, M. Yuksel, E.H. Aksu and H. Aksoy, “Effects of pomegranate juice consumption on sperm quality, spermatogenic cell density, antioxidant activity and testosterone level in male rats”, Clinical Nutrition Vol. 27, 2008, pp.289-296.
EC Market Access Database, European Commission, Market Access Database. http://madb.europa.eu/madb/ statistical_form.htm, access date: 01 July 2013.
W. Bevan, “Notes On Agriculture in Cyprus and its Products”. London, Hazell, Watson & Vinery, ld., printers, 1919.
Y. Ozkan, “Determination of pomological characteristics of Niksar district pomegranates (Punica granatum L.) of the Tokat Province”. Acta Hort. Vol. 598, 2003, pp.199-203.
V. Akbarpour, K. Hemmati and M. Sharifani, “Physical and chemical properties of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) fruit in maturation stage”. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2009, pp.411-416.
A. Celik and S. Ercisli, “Some physical proterties of pomegranate cv. Eksinar”, Int. Agrophysics Vol. 23, 2009, pp.295-298.
S. Gozlekci, S. Ercisli, F. Okturen, and S. Sonmez, “Physico-chemical characteristics at three development stages in pomegranate cv. Hicaznar”. Not. Bot. Hort. Agrobot Cluj Vol. 39, No. 1, 2011, pp.241-245.
J. Gazde, S. Voca, Z. Cmelik, I. Mustac, S. Ercisli and Radunic, “Physico-chemical characteristics of main pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cultivars grown in Dalmatia region of Croatia”, J. App. Bot. Food Quality, Vol. 85, 2012, pp.202-206.
M. Hasani, Z. Zamani, G. Savaghebi and R. Fatahi, “Effects of zinc and manganese as foliar spray on pomegranate yield, fruit quality and leaf minerals”, J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. Vol. 12, No. 3, 2012, pp.471-480.
M. M. Mir, I. Umar, S.A. Mir, M.U. Rehman, G.H. Rather and S.A. Banday, “Quality Evaluation of Pomegranate Crop – A review”, International Journal of Agriculture & Biology Vol. 14, 2012, pp.658-667.
G. Pantelidis, P. Drogoudi and A. Manganaris, “Physico-chemical and antioxidant properties of pomegranate genotypes in Greece”, Options Mediterraneenes Vol. 103, 2012, pp.335-337.
J. Bartual, H. Valdes, J. Andreu, A. Lozoya, J. Garcia and M.L. Badenes, “Pomegranate improvement through clonal selection and hybridization in Elche”, Options Mediterraneenes Vol. 103, 2012, pp.71-74.
J. J. Martinez, P. Melgarejo, F. Hernandez, D.M. Salazar and R. Martinez, “Seed characterisation of five new pomegranate (Puica granatum L.) varieties”, Scienta Horticulturae, Vol. 110, No. 3, 2006, pp.241-246.