Effects of Wastewater Irrigation on the Growth of Two Bean Spices and Soil Chemical Properties under Greenhouse Conditions
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 88-93
Received: Apr. 17, 2014; Accepted: May 4, 2014; Published: May 20, 2014
Views 2877      Downloads 110
Authors
Hamed Fathi, Department of soil Sciences, college of Agriculture, Gorgan University of Agriculture Sciences and Natural Resources Gorgan, Iran
Mojan Mirzanejad, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This study has the objectives to evaluate the short-term effect of different dilutions of the wastewater on the chemical properties of sandy loam and sandy clay soils in two bean species under greenhouse condition. The effect of the irrigation with different wastewater dilutions on the bean crops and their chemical properties were studied. The results showed that the irrigation with wastewater reduced the pH in the sandy loam soil significantly in comparison with sandy clay soil, and this could be due to lower buffering capacity of sandy loam soil as compared to sandy clay soil registering a change in pH increasing. Available N, P and K status, OC and metallic cation content were significantly higher in sandy clay than in sandy loam soils. Generally, sewage water irrigation improved chemical properties and fertility status of both soils. The metallic cations contamination of the bean crops were observed below the maximum permissible limit. However, several folds have been built of metallic cations in soils, fronds and grain of the bean crops indicating that it is possible to increase the metallic cations contamination beyond maximum permissible limit if the waste water is continuously used for irrigating for a long time.
Keywords
Wastewater, Bean, Chemical Properties, Greenhouse Conditions
To cite this article
Hamed Fathi, Mojan Mirzanejad, Effects of Wastewater Irrigation on the Growth of Two Bean Spices and Soil Chemical Properties under Greenhouse Conditions, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 88-93. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20140203.15
References
[1]
Abedi-Koupai, J., Mostafazadeh-Fard, B., Afyuni, M., &Bagheri, M. R. (2006).Effect of treated wastewater on soil chemical and physical properties in an arid region. Plant Soil and Environment, 52(8), 335.
[2]
Al-Rashed, M. F., & Sherif, M. M. (2000).Water resources in the GCC countries: an overview. Water Resources Management, 14(1), 59-75.
[3]
Angelakis, A. N., Bontoux, L., &Lazarova, V. (2003).Challenges and prospectives for water recycling and reuse in EU countries. Water Science & Technology: Water Supply, 3(4).
[4]
Bahri, A., &Brissaud, F. (1996).Wastewater reuse in Tunisia: assessing a national policy. Water Science and Technology, 33(10), 87-94.
[5]
Chen, Y., Wang, C., Wang, Z., & Huang, S. (2004). Assessment of the contamination and genotoxicity of soil irrigated with wastewater. Plant and Soil, 261(1-2), 189-196.
[6]
Ensink, J. H., Van der Hoek, W., Matsuno, Y., Munir, S., &Aslam, M. R. (2002).Use of Untreated Wastewater in Peri-Urban Agriculture in Pakistan.
[7]
Ganeshamurthy, A. N., Varalakshmi, L. R., &Sumangala, H. P. (2008). Environmental risks associated with heavy metal contamination in soil, water and plants in urban and periurban agriculture. J HorticulturSci, 3(1), 1-29.
[8]
Gelsomino, A., Badalucco, L., Ambrosoli, R., Crecchio, C., Puglisi, E., &Meli, S. M. (2006). Changes in chemical and biological soil properties as induced by anthropogenic disturbance: A case study of an agricultural soil under recurrent flooding by wastewaters. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38(8), 2069-2080.
[9]
Hofstedt, C. (2005). Wastewater use in Agriculture in Andhra Pradesh, India: An evaluation of irrigation water quality in reference to associated health risks and agricultural suitability.
[10]
Horswell, J., Speir, T. W., & Van Schaik, A. P. (2003). Bio-indicators to assess impacts of heavy metals in land-applied sewage sludge. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 35(11), 1501-1505.
[11]
Jiménez, B. (2006). Irrigation in developing countries using wastewater. International Review for Environmental Strategies, 6(2), 229-250.
[12]
Kiziloglu, F. M., Turan, M., Sahin, U., Kuslu, Y., & Dursun, A. (2008). Effects of untreated and treated wastewater irrigation on some chemical properties of cauliflower (< i> Brassica olerecea L. var. botrytis) and red cabbage (< i> Brassica olerecea L. var. rubra) grown on calcareous soil in Turkey. Agricultural water management, 95(6), 716-724.
[13]
Kiziloglu, F. M., Turan, M., Sahin, U., Kuslu, Y., & Dursun, A. (2008). Effects of untreated and treated wastewater irrigation on some chemical properties of cauliflower (< i> Brassica olerecea L. var. botrytis) and red cabbage (< i> Brassica olerecea L. var. rubra) grown on calcareous soil in Turkey. Agricultural water management, 95(6), 716-724.
[14]
Mahmoud, A., Olivier, J., Vaxelaire, J., &Hoadley, A. F. (2010).Electrical field: A historical review of its application and contributions in wastewater sludge dewatering. Water research, 44(8), 2381-2407.
[15]
Malla, R., & Totawat, K. L. (2006).Effect of Municipal Sewage on Soil Properties and Chemical Build-up in Vegetable Crops Grown on Haplustepts of Sub-humid Southern Plains of Rajasthan. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 54(2), 226-231.
[16]
Malla, R., Tanaka, Y., Mori, K., & Totawat, K. L. (2007).Effect of short-term sewage irrigation on chemical build up in soils and vegetables.
[17]
Masto, R. E., Chhonkar, P. K., Singh, D., &Patra, A. K. (2009).Changes in soil quality indicators under long-term sewage irrigation in a sub-tropical environment. Environmental geology, 56(6), 1237-1243.
[18]
Mohammad, M. J., & Mazahreh, N. (2003).Changes in soil fertility parameters in response to irrigation of forage crops with secondary treated wastewater. Communications in soil science and plant analysis, 34(9-10), 1281-1294.
[19]
Page AL (1982). Methods of soil analysis, part 2: chemical and microbiological properties. Agronomy monograph No. 9 (part 2). ASA/SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin
[20]
Pescod, M. B. (1992). Wastewater treatment and use in agriculture.
[21]
Qishlaqi, A., Moore, F., & Forghani, G. (2008).Impact of untreated wastewater irrigation on soils and crops in Shiraz suburban area, SW Iran. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 141(1-3), 257-273.
[22]
Olsen, S. R., C. V. Cole, F. S. Watanabe, and L. A. Dean.1954.Estimation of available phosphorous in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circ. 39, U. S. Gover. Prin. Office Washington, DC.
[23]
Rana, L., Dhankhar, R., &Chhikara, S. (2010). Soil Characteristics Affected by long term Application of Sewage Wastewater. International Journal of Environmental Research, 4(3).
[24]
Scott, C. A., Faruqui, N. I., & Raschid-Sally, L. (2004).1.Wastewater Use in Irrigated Agriculture: Management Challenges in Developing Countries.
[25]
Sharma, D., & Shukla, A. K. (2013). Analysis of heavy metals in soil and vegetables irrigated with wastewater in Meerut city region. Int. J. Adv. Life Sci, 6(4), 287-292.
[26]
Tyagi, R. D., Surampalli, R. Y., Yan, S., Zhang, T. C., Kao, C. M., & Lohani, B. N. (2009). Sustainable sludge management: production of value added products. ASCE Publications.
[27]
Walkley, A., & Black, I. A. (1934).An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil science, 37(1), 29-38.
[28]
World Health Organization, 1996. Water Quality Monitoring - A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Freshwater Quality Studies and Monitoring Programmers.
[29]
Wu, L., Chen, W., French, C., & Chang, A. C. (2009). Safe application of reclaimed water reuse in the southwestern United States (Vol. 8357).UCANR Publications.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186