Adaptability Study of Banana (Musa Paradisiacal var. Sapiertum) Varieties at Jinka, Southern Ethiopia
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 250-255
Received: Oct. 14, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 20, 2014;
Published: Oct. 30, 2014
Views 3200 Downloads 330
Tekle Yoseph, Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Department of Crop Science Research Process, Jinka, Ethiopia
Wondewosen Shiferaw, Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Jinka Agricultural Research Center, Department of Crop Science Research Process, Jinka, Ethiopia
Zemach Sorsa, Department of Plant Sciences and Horticulture, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Tibebu Simon, Department of Plant Sciences and Horticulture, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Abraham Shumbullo, Department of Plant Sciences and Horticulture, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Woineshet Solomon, Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Hawassa Agricultural Research Center, Department of Crop Science Research Process, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Follow on us
A field experiment involving eleven improved banana (Musa paradisiacal var. sapiertum) varieties and one local check was carried out at Jinka Agricultural Research Center during the 2006 to 2009 cropping seasons under rain fed conditions to identify the best performing variety to the target areas of South Omo Zone. The banana varieties included in the field experiment were eleven improved (Kampala, Pisang, Lacatan, Poyo, Dwarf Cavendish, Giant Cavendish, Butuzua, Grand Naine, Robusta, Williams-1, Williams-2) and a local check. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Phenological and growth parameters, bunch yield and yield components were studied. The result showed that days to flowering were significantly affected by variety while days to maturity were not significantly influenced by variety. Psedostem height was significantly affected by variety; whereas, variety had brought no significant effect on psedostem circumference. All the yield and yield components studied were significantly affected by variety except finger diameter. Bunch yield advantages of 59.11%, 55.87% and 47.55%, were obtained from the improved banana varieties Dwarf Cavandish, Giant Cavandish and Poyo, respectively over the local check. The highest bunch yields of (45.333 t ha-1) and (42.000 t ha-1) were recorded for the varieties Dwarf Cavendish and Giant Cavendish, respectively. Therefore, it can be concluded that use of the improved banana varieties such as Dwarf Cavendish or Giant Cavendish is advisable and could be appropriate for banana production in the test area even though further testing is required to put the recommendation on a strong basis.
Banana Variety, Bunch Yield, Growth Parameters, Phenological Parameters, Yield Components
To cite this article
Adaptability Study of Banana (Musa Paradisiacal var. Sapiertum) Varieties at Jinka, Southern Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2014, pp. 250-255.
FAOSTAT (2010). Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. pp. 28-30.
INIBAP (1992). International network for the improvement of banana and plantain. Annual Report. 1992. Montpellier. France. p. 48.
Swennen R, Wilson GF (1983). Response of plantain to mulch and fertilizer. Int. Inst. Trop. Agric. Annual Rep. IITA Ibadan, Nigeria p.187.
Robinson, J.C., 1996. Bananas and Plantains. University Press, Cambridge.
Viljoen, A. 2010. Protecting the African banana (Musa spp): Prospects and challenges. Proceedings of the International Conference on Banana and Plantain in Africa, Acta Horticulturae, 879: 305-313.
Wall, M.M. 2006. Ascorbic acid, vitamin A and mineral composition of banana (Musa spp) and papaya (Carica papaya) cultivars grown in Hawaii. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 19: 434-445.
FAO, 2009. FAOSTAT. In the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations website. http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx.
MoA (Ministry of Agriculture) 2011. Animal and Plant Health Regulatory Directorate Crop Variety Register Issue No. 14 June, 2011. Addis Ababa
CSA. 2011. Agricultural sample survey 2010/2011 (2003 E.C.). Report on area and production of major crops. Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Wairegi, L.W.I., van Asten, P.J.A., 2010. Norms for multivariate diagnosis of nutrient imbalance in the East African highland bananas (Musa spp. AAA-EA). J. Plant Nutr. (in press).
Van Asten, P.J.A., Gold, C.S., Wendt, J., De Waele, D., Okech, S.H.O., Ssali, H., Tushemereirwe, W.K., 2005. The contribution of soil quality to yield and its relation with other banana yield loss factors in Uganda. In: Blomme, G., Gold, C.S., Karamura, E. (Eds.), Proceedings of a Workshop Held on Farmer Participatory Testing of IPM Options for Sustainable Banana Production in Eastern Africa, Seeta, Uganda, December 8–9, 2003, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Montpellier, pp. 100-115
Gold, C.S., Karamura, E.B., Kiggundu, A., Bagamba, F., Abera, A.M.K., 1999. Monograph on geographic shifts in highland cooking banana (Musa, group AAA-EA) production in Uganda. Afr. Crop Sci. J. 7, 223-298.
SAS (2007) Statistical Analysis Systems SAS/STAT user’s guide Version 9.1 Cary NC: SAS Institute Inc. USA
Shaibu, A.A., E.A. Maji1 and M.N. Ogburia. 2012. Yield evaluation of plantain and banana landraces and hybrids in humid agro ecological zone of Nigeria E3 Journal of Agricultural Research and Development Vol. 2(3). pp. 074-079
Dzomeku BD, Armo-Annor D, Adjei-Gwen K, Nkakwa A, Akyeampong E, Banning IS (2006). Evaluation of four Musa hybrids in Ghana. Trop. Sc., 43:176–179.
Dzomeku BM, Bam RK, Adu-kwarteng E, Darkey SK, Ankomah AA (2007). Agronomic and physico-chemical evaluation of FHIA 21 in Ghana. Int. J. Agric. Res., 2:92–96.