Hill Torrents Potentials and Spate Irrigation Management to Support Agricultural Strategies in Pakistan
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 289-295
Received: Nov. 24, 2014; Accepted: Dec. 6, 2014; Published: Dec. 18, 2014
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Muhammad Asif, Scientific Officer/AAE, CAEWRI NARC/Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) Islamabad
Col Islam-ul-Haque, Chairman, Ecological Sustainability through Environmental Services (Eco Steps), Islamabad, Pakistan
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Pakistan has not only been blessed with enriched hydrological cycling phenomenon which generate abandoned quantum of water in the northern part , but also possess 18.68 MAF Water Potential in water scarce areas of Pakistan , known as Rod Kohi. Spate irrigation is in practice in Pakistan, where, flood water, during monsoon season, gets generated and channelized from down-hill countered profiles (catchments area). These hill torrential are diverted to agriculture fields, by constructing earthen embankments or related hydraulic concrete structures. Since, hill sides torrential are unpredictable, temporally and spatially matrix, which poses numerous challenges to the farmers who in return forcibly integrate / pool up individual resources to partially manage this scarce resource. Though the annual rainfall ( ....100...mm/year) in this area is low and uncertain yet at the same time due to terrain lay out , substantial quantum of water gets accumulated due to downhill side terrain profile each rainfall event. The agriculture activities, in these areas are totally dependent on such type of phenomenal rainfalls. Unfortunately, due to lack of scientific water resource management and modern agriculture practices, major quantum of torrential flood water is not only gets wasted , but also causes huge losses to human life and property . This catastrophic situation arises, as there are neither successive layers of check-dams on the down-hill sides of these mountain ranges, nor any kind of water storage facilities exist at the foot hill areas. PARC (Pakistan Agricultural Research Council) and Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Foundation ( PPAF) did funded some localized water storage , water conveyance and water distribution system interventions, but still there is a dire need of holistically adoption of watershed management approaches , based on resource integration concept and practices. This un-managed water resource must be harnessed / converted into lucrative opportunities to oxygenize the life line for millions of people residing in these areas.
Agricultural, Spate Irrigation, Rainfall, Water Management, Storage
To cite this article
Muhammad Asif, Col Islam-ul-Haque, Hill Torrents Potentials and Spate Irrigation Management to Support Agricultural Strategies in Pakistan, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 289-295. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20140206.20
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