Soil Fertility Status of Rice Field in Paundi Watershed, Lamjung District, Nepal
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 120-123
Received: May 6, 2015; Accepted: May 11, 2015; Published: May 26, 2015
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Author
Ram Kumar Shrestha, Tribhuvan University, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Scienc
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Abstract
From May to November 2014, a research was carried out to study the soil fertility status of lowland paddy field differed in the cropping system in Paundi watershed, Nepal. A total of 20 soil samples were collected and analyzed, and a household survey was carried out to collect the information regarding soil fertility management practices being adopted along with crops yield. Average annual inputs of the organic manure, urea, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) and Muriate of potash (MoP) were 21 t ha-1, 143 kg ha-1, 116 kg ha-1 and 16 kg ha-1 respectively. Maize field received significantly higher amount of the organic manure, whereas the rice crop received the higher amount of the urea and DAP. Terrace riser slicing and the legume integrations were the other soil fertility management strategies being adopted by farmers. Soils were silt clay loam and were acidic. The soil organic matter in paddy field was low though the level was significantly higher in rice-rice cropping system than that of in rice-maize system. Most of the soils were low in the soil total nitrogen and available phosphorus. Potassium appeared to be low in the study area. Available zinc was found to be adequate in both types of the paddy field. The yield of the wet season rice, dry season rice and maize crop were 3.75, 2.0 and 2.6 t ha-1 respectively. Appropriate soil fertility management practices should be adopted to improve the soil fertility level in the study area.
Keywords
Cropping System, Paddy Field, Paundi Watershed, Soil Fertility
To cite this article
Ram Kumar Shrestha, Soil Fertility Status of Rice Field in Paundi Watershed, Lamjung District, Nepal, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 120-123. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20150303.20
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