Soil Physic-chemical Properties in Termite Mounds and Adjacent Control Soil in Miyo and Yabello Districts of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 69-74
Received: May 28, 2016; Accepted: Jun. 12, 2016; Published: Jul. 4, 2016
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Authors
Abiyot Lelisa Deke, Yabello Pastoral and Dry Land Agriculture Research Center, Yabello, Ethiopia
Wondimu Tolcha Adugna, Yabello Pastoral and Dry Land Agriculture Research Center, Yabello, Ethiopia
Amsalu Tilahun Fite, Department of Natural Resource Management, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
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Abstract
This study was conducted in two districts of Borana (Yabello and Miyo). The objective of the study was to examine the soil texture and macronutrient distribution in termite mounds in relation to adjacent soil. Standard procedures were used to analyse the soil physic-chemical properties. One way ANOVA was used to compare results among control soil, external termite mound and internal termite mound materials. The study revealed that termites had produced a soil different in soil texture and some nutrient content than the surrounding soils. Internal termite mound at both study sites were enriched with clay in relation to external and control soil. SOM and CEC contents of control soils were higher at Boku Luboma. SOM content of external termite mound at Did Yabello was lower in relation to internal termite mound and control soil. The termite mound at Did Yabello had higher CEC content in relation to the surrounding soil. Ex. Ca content of termite mound did not show significant difference in relation to control soil. Termite activities enriched mound soil with Exchangeable potassium content. In order to design proper termite management techniques, termite species in Borana should be identified. There is no trend of termite mound use as soil amendment in Borana. In future, amount of termite materials to be incorporated to soil to increase crop yield and socio economic factors that affect use of termite materials as soil amendment should be studied.
Keywords
External Termite Mound, Internal Termite Mound, Soil Physic-chemical Properties, Borana
To cite this article
Abiyot Lelisa Deke, Wondimu Tolcha Adugna, Amsalu Tilahun Fite, Soil Physic-chemical Properties in Termite Mounds and Adjacent Control Soil in Miyo and Yabello Districts of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 69-74. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20160404.11
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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