Technical Efficiency of Diversification Versus Specialization of Vegetable-Based Farms in the West Region of Cameroon
American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 112-120
Received: May 11, 2017; Accepted: May 22, 2017; Published: Jul. 10, 2017
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Teh Nguh Julie, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Fon Dorothy Engwali, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Bidogeza Jean-Claude, World Vegetable Centre, World Bank Group, Centre Region, Yaoundé, Cameroon
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This study evaluated the efficiency of diversification versus specialization of vegetable-based farms in the West region of Cameroon. The study employed the use of a questionnaire to obtain information from 70 specialized and 54 diversified farmers randomly selected from three purposively selected localities in the West region. The one-step stochastic frontier approach with a Cobb-Douglas model specification was used in analysis. Data was analyzed using the computer program, STATA version 12.0. Findings revealed that majority (71.8%) of vegetable farmers are males, with an average age of 30 years and 73.4% had attained at least a primary education. Results of the stochastic frontier analysis revealed the mean technical efficiency of vegetable farmers to be 0.863. Mean technical efficiency scores for specialized and diversified farmers were found to be 0.867 and 0.858 respectively. However, the results of a standard t-test concluded that technical efficiency is invariant of cropping system. The main sources of inefficiency were identified to be farm size, education, credit and membership to a mutual aid group, while age, sex and access to extension information and services were found to enhance technical efficiency. The study therefore recommends extension services to be reinforced on farmers who receive loan and on those who belong to mutual aid groups, in a bid to increase technical efficiency.
Technical Efficiency, Diversification, Specialization, Vegetable Farms, West Region, Cameroon
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Teh Nguh Julie, Fon Dorothy Engwali, Bidogeza Jean-Claude, Technical Efficiency of Diversification Versus Specialization of Vegetable-Based Farms in the West Region of Cameroon, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 112-120. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20170504.15
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